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21 Virtual Archaeology Review The Idaho Virtualization Laboratory 3D Pipeline El Laboratorio de Virtualización 3D de Idaho Nicholas A. Holmer, Nicholas Clement, Kaitlyn Dehart, Herbert Maschner, Zapplink photoshop x64 error Pruitt, Robert Schlader, zapplink photoshop x64 error, Myriam van Walsum Idaho Virtualization Laboratory, zapplink photoshop x64 error, Idaho Museum of Natural History, Idaho State Zapplink photoshop x64 error, 921 S. 8th Ave., Stop 8096, Pocatello, Idaho 83204, USA Abstract Three dimensional (3D) virtualization and visualization is an important component of industry, art, museum curation and cultural heritage, yet the step by step process of 3D virtualization has been little discussed. Here we review the Idaho Virtualization Laboratory’s (IVL) process of virtualizing a cultural heritage item (artifact) from start to finish. Each step is thoroughly explained and illustrated including how the object and its metadata are digitally preserved and ultimately distributed to the world. Key words: 3D SCANNING, VIRTUALIZATION, CULTURAL HERITAGE, zapplink photoshop x64 error, ARCHIVING. Resumen La virtualización y visualización tridimensional (3D) es un componente importante de la industria, el arte, los museos y el patrimonio cultural, sin embargo, el proceso paso a paso de virtualización 3D se ha discutido muy poco, zapplink photoshop x64 error. Aquí repasamos de principio a fin el proceso de virtualizacion de un elemento del patrimonio cultural (artefacto) llevado a cabo por el Laboratorio de Virtualización de Internai error - false (IVL). Cada paso es explicado e ilustrado completamente incluyendo cómo el objeto y sus metadatos son preservados digitalmente y en última instancia, distribuidos en el mundo. Palabras Clave: DIGITALIZACIÓN EN 3D, LA VIRTUALIZACIÓN, PATRIMONIO CULTURAL, ARCHIVAR, zapplink photoshop x64 error. 1. INTRODUCTION 2011; http://vzap.iri.isu.edu). VZAP is part of a larger IMNH effort in the democratization of The Idaho Virtualization Laboratory (IVL) in science, zapplink photoshop x64 error, with the goal of putting entire the Idaho Museum of Natural History (IMNH) repositories on-line so that any student or has been at the forefront of 3D virtualization of scholar can conduct analyses of collections from archaeological, paleontological, and anywhere in the world (Maschner, 2013; anthropological specimens for 10 years. The Maschner et al. 2013). Related projects include recently completed Virtual Zooarchaeology of the Virtual Museum of Idaho and the Virtual the Arctic Project (VZAP), with 6,783 3D Repository of Arctic Archaeology images, 48,548 2D photographs on 264 (http://ivl.imnh.isu.edu/), and a great number specimens representing 169 species, their of specialized research projects (e.g. Tapanila et metadata, and on-line analysis tools, is a al., 2013). highlight of our success in this area (Betts et al., VAR. Volumen 5 Número 10. ISSN: 1989-9947 run-time error 91 zapplink photoshop x64 error Mayo 2014 22 Virtual Archaeology Review There has been much discussion recently of the However, unlike typical photography uniform process of producing virtual collections. Here lighting from all directions is preferable. This we describe in detail the process by which a 360 degree lighting allows for a shadow free single item is photographed, scanned, and the environment enabling us to capture pure color resulting data processed and served to the world. data of an object. This diminishes shadow relief For this example, we use a small, 2000 year-old, detail but allows for the image to be placed on a bone sea otter (Enhydra lutris) figurine from an 3D model (texturing) without introducing a archaeological site in Alaska (Fig. 1), zapplink photoshop x64 error. perpetual shadow. In turn, this allows for a more realistic 3D model when a digital light source is applied in a digital environment. Despite the diminished relief detail in the final 2D product, zapplink photoshop x64 error, the true color is revealed allowing us to create a 50 fuser error hp laserjet 3055 “digital surrogate” of the original object. The second most important aspect of the IVL’s photography phoenix slic error 13 is the use of a fixed zoom macro lens. These lenses create error creating direct3d 9 graphikal dayz image with minimal peripheral distortion effectively creating zapplink photoshop x64 error a research tool to collect metric data from the 2D object (i.e, zapplink photoshop x64 error. distances and angles). A list of all zapplink photoshop x64 error the equipment used for photography, with the Figure 1. Sea Otter figurine prior to digitization exception of such items as support material, can error code 110 android zapplink photoshop x64 error be found on our website ivl.imnh.isu.edu; typical Because it is small, highly detailed, complexly camera settings and ranges of settings along with carved, and made of organic material, it provides specific settings for the object in question can be an excellent opportunity to highlight many of found below. (Fig. 2) the techniques we use to process archaeological and other museum specimens. Progessing from CAMERA TYPICAL OBJECT IN photography, to scanning, to processing the raw SETTINGS RANGE QUESTION Av (Aperture scan data, to editing and texturing, to its final STYLE Priority) Av description and storage in the database, our 3D WHITE AWB or 6500K sharp md-mt15 toc error AWB pipeline is described and reviewed so that others BALANCE might utilize these techniques to produce high- ISO 600-1000 (800) 800 resolution 3D suragates of archaeological and AEB from +1 to -3 from -1 to -2 museum specimens. F-STOP zapplink photoshop x64 error zapplink photoshop x64 error 32 32 High res JPEG QUALITY JPEG and/or RAW 2. PHOTOGRAPHY Photography is utilized in the IVL to fulfill three Figure 2. Basic camera setttings main goals: digital preservation (be of archival Several parameters must be met in order for our quality), 2 dimensional (2D) visualization (be of photography to satisfy our three objectives listed research quality) and color data capture for 3 above. First, zapplink photoshop x64 error, when positioning the object in dimensional (3D) models ros brown-driver install error. A typical frame for each photograph filling the frame as setup for the IVL, discussed in further detail much as possible with the object is preferred. below, is designed to fulfil the aforementioned This allows for maximum data capture and goals with minimal setup, adjustments, editing resolution, zapplink photoshop x64 error. Second, the point of focus must be and zapplink photoshop x64 error as few pictures as possible. near the ‘top’ of the object (or the closest point Lighting, zapplink photoshop x64 error, as with any photography, zapplink photoshop x64 error, is the single near the lens). Third, the presence and location most crucial aspect of our photographic process. of the scale (metric) must be adequate. VAR. Volumen 5 Número 10. ISSN: 1989-9947 Mayo 2014 23 zapplink photoshop x64 error Virtual Archaeology Review Specifically, the scale is placed at the bottom of 3. SCANNING the image and elevated to the point of focus allowing for more accurate metrics analyses. The first step in the modeling pipeline is data Lastly, all objects photographed are done so in capture utilizing, in this case, the Faro their six ortogonal or anatomical positions Technologies Edge Arm non-contact surface allowing for maximum data capture. digitizing laser system, zapplink photoshop x64 error. The object is placed on a zapplink photoshop x64 error bench in such a way that the Edge Once a photo is taken using the on screen Arm has full range of motion and data can be Canon EOS software, the image is then fully captured 360° around the object. To ensure transferred to Adobe Photoshop for minor edits object stability and to maximize scan group and adjustments. Typically photos are taken overlap the object is oriented perpendicular to slightly darker than preferred so as not to over the bench and secured in a block of low density expose the object, keeping the color data intact. florist foam. Once the object has been secured This, zapplink photoshop x64 error, however, can be particularly troublesome the scanning software, Geomagic Studio 2013, is when photographing bleached bone material on opened and the scanning plug-in is activated. a black background. Simply using the auto level For this object the laser settings were set to function, manual level function highlighting Automatic Normal which allows the laser to specific parameters such as lights and darks or adjust zapplink photoshop x64 error as needed for Surface color manually adjusting the brightness and contrast is variation. Next, the laser calibration is checked typical for image editing. On occasion images to verify that the laser and capture camera are need more editing to make them adequate for zapplink photoshop x64 error functioning properly and will provide optimal analysis, 3D texturing and simple attractive scan files. The final step before starting the scan presentation (i.e. support material needs to be operation is to optimize the advanced settings removed and the background needs to be for the size of the object and desired level of cleaned), zapplink photoshop x64 error. (Fig.3) detail capture. Since this particular object is on When photographing a range of different the low end of the size range that aplication-defined or object-defined error Edge Arm objects it is important to have several can accurately capture the target point spacing is background colors and a good knowledge of set to a low threshold and the maximum edge camera settings in order to capture an image that length is also set to a low threshold. (Fig.4) is best suited to the needs of its application. Once all images are taken, the object is then prepped for scanning. wow error filter Figure 4. Laser and scan settings zapplink photoshop x64 error Once the settings have all been verified, zapplink photoshop x64 error is time to begin the actual scanning process. The Figure 3. Split image showing before and after editing object should be passed over with the laser with slow and steady airbrush-like motions, similar to raid 1 error occurred 0 using spray paint. Each scan pass is made along a straight plane of travel, rotating and tilting the VAR. Volumen 5 Número 10. ISSN: 1989-9947 zapplink photoshop x64 error zapplink photoshop x64 error zapplink photoshop x64 error Mayo 2014 24 Virtual Archaeology Review scan head is avoided to minimize scanning noise What we are looking for at this point are scan artifacts. Each subsequent scan pass should have files that are not integrated fully with all of the enough overlapping scan data to make later scan other files, this is seen as large areas of single alignment more efficient. After all visible color. By holding shift and left clicking on the surfaces of the object have been captured the area of bad data that single scan file will be scanner is stopped and this series of scans is isolated and can be edited independent of the stored as group one and a new group is started. other scan files, after the data is deleted clicking For this new group the object is reoriented 180° on the scan group will bring back all of the scan along the long axis (y-axis) from the original files and the alignment can be reassessed. This group. The data capture process is then process is repeated until all that remains is clean, zapplink photoshop x64 error, repeated, as with group one, zapplink photoshop x64 error, and both groups fully integrated scan data. The scan files are now are saved as a single file. (Fig.5) ready to be merged and surfaced into a single an error has occurred preparing the patch polygonal model. (Fig.6) zapplink photoshop x64 error install php-devel error summary Figure 6. Selecting and removing bad scan data in Figure 5, zapplink photoshop x64 error. Non-contact laser scanning with Faro Edge Geomagic Arm directly into Geomagic. The polygonal model, post merging, will retain scanning artifacts that were not apparent during 4. RAW SCAN DATA PROCESSING zapplink photoshop x64 error error 1152 samsung pc studio the initial editing process. One of the largest The next step in the pipeline is the processing of sources of surface errors is the presence of the raw scan data into a finished solid surface outlying data points. These points are the result model. The file is opened in Geomagic Studio of deleting data cells and Geomagic not and the support material, florists foam, is edited removing all of the points associated with them. out of the scan groups. Each scan group is To remove these outliers the model is converted globally aligned independently of each other and to points, and the remove outliers function is then both groups are aligned manually. After the cydia sub-process error code 1 run to identify and select all points that lay manual alignment is complete the groups are outside of the standard deviation of the point globally aligned, the groups are broken down spacing on the models surface. Once these into individual scan files, and a single new group points are selected, they are deleted and the is created that contains all of the files. This new optimized point cloud is wrapped to return it to group is globally aligned one last time to ensure a solid surface polygonal model. After the model that all of the files mesh together as tightly as i/o error 103 been surfaced any holes present in the possible. The initial data editing can now begin, model will need to be filled. This is to zapplink photoshop x64 error this process easier the object color is accomplished in two steps; first the Fill All turned on which assigns each scan file a unique function is selected, the option to ignore color so that outlying data can be easily isolated. complex holes is checked and the function is VAR. Volumen 5 Número 10. ISSN: 1989-9947 Mayo 2014 25 Virtual Archaeology Review applied. The second step is selecting the Single ole error 80040309 5. EDITING AND TEXTURING Fill function and manually cleaning and filling all remaining holes, zapplink photoshop x64 error. During this process samsung galaxy ace wifi error solution is often Zapplink photoshop x64 error final step in the modeling pipeline is to necessary to build bridges in certain areas to prepare the mesh for texturing and produce final guide the filling process so that the resulting files for distribution using Zbrush. In dealing patch more accurately matches the original with scan data, resultant .obj files will always objects surface. When no holes remain in the have errors regardless of the editing software model the final cleaning process can be started. used to create them. These can include At this point there will be a number of overlapping polygons, ‘pinched’ surfaces, small remaining surface zapplink photoshop x64 error that will make the holes, tunnels, and three sided polygons, and later process of texturing the model difficult, will always be zapplink photoshop x64 error with irregular topology, these include surface spikes, highly creased run-time error 2046 sendobject or unevenly sized polygons arranged sporadically edges, and small tunnels under the model throughout the surface of the mesh. These surface. The Mesh Doctor function is utilized to zapplink photoshop x64 error issues will need to be fixed before moving repair these errors to the extent that it is needed forward with processing as even the smallest in computer-aided design (CAD) models but not inter pro v5 pse initialization error incongruence can cause major errors in necessarily for heritage models. The final step of workflow. Additionally, three and five sided the model cleanup is using the Remesh function polygons can cause even basic editing functions to even out the distribution of surface triangles. to fail and create distortions in the final After remeshing the model is properly oriented, processing stage, so the first and arguably most and moved to the origin and saved as an .obj important step is to create a new topology that is file. (Fig.7) cannot find server dns server error all quads, or four sided polygons. (Fig.8) Figure 8. Triangle polygons in an uneaven arraignment, zapplink photoshop x64 error typical of processed scan data zapplink photoshop x64 error A majority of the editing platforms used to process scan data are more concerned with zapplink photoshop x64 error accuracy than consistent topology. This is zapplink photoshop x64 error to create a highly accurate mesh with ecdis interpretation errors dense clusters of polygons in high detail areas anti-air, anti-armor, anti-terrorism and lower density clusters in areas that are zapplink photoshop x64 error relatively smooth or homogenous. From an Figure 7. Before and after running a Remesh function in engineering or CAD perspective this is not only Geomagic suitable it is intentional and preferable. From an art or animation perspective this result would be zapplink photoshop x64 error considered unusable. The product from VAR, zapplink photoshop x64 error. Volumen 5 Número 10. ISSN: 1989-9947 Mayo 2014 zapplink photoshop x64 error zapplink photoshop x64 error 26 Virtual Archaeology Review digitizing heritage collections for both archiving However, before continuing with projecting and distribution exists between these two detail from the original target mesh, a UV map aspects of the 3D industry and yet should be needs to be extracted using the Zbrush UV useable for both, thus some post processing Master. This will be the map that holds the color needs to occur before they can be considered data from the texture file that will be created and finished. Of course we throw away nothing; all the base from which a displacement map will be data are important. The original files, as well as generated further along in the workflow. the un-altered scan data are always kept through (Fig.10) every step in the process. In certain digitization workflows, simply wrapping or surfacing the unaltered mesh is considered an acceptable archive and thus the end of the modeling process, zapplink photoshop x64 error. However, for the purpose of this discussion a clean topology is essential to the workflow that will be outlined, zapplink photoshop x64 error. It allows for much cleaner end results at varying levels zapplink photoshop x64 error resolution, makes high density models easier for video cards to render, allows for cleaner displacement mapping, UV unwrapping, zapplink photoshop x64 error, animation, reproduction via 3D printing, and so on. In short, it is good practice to ensure a product at the final stages of export that has much broader application models. To accomplish this in Zbrush, a clone is first made upon which ZRemesher is used to create a new topology and substantially reduced polygon count. The product of this re-mesh will become the lowest level of mesh density in a model with Figure 10. Extracted UV map multiple division levels; it will have all quadrangles instead of triangles, no coupled Once the UV’s are unwrapped, zapplink photoshop x64 error, the mesh can maps, and no color or surface detail. The re- then be divided until it is above the poly/point meshed clone can now be given several division count of the original mesh that it was cloned levels upon which the original mesh will be from. This will require 4 or 5 divisions projected, effectively emulating the native depending on how low the poly count was set Zbrush workflow and regaining all of the detail during initial re-mesh and how much detail is from the original high resolution scan. (Fig.9) desired through displacement maps or alphas generated from texturing. The general rule is to make sure that there are at least more points in the re-meshed clone than in the original mesh so zapplink photoshop x64 error that no surface detail or volume gets sacrificed blackberry file system out resources error during projection. 3dmark 11 full screen error zapplink photoshop x64 error The original, unaltered mesh can now be drm radeon dvi detect error hdmi appended to the clone inside the subtool pallet zapplink photoshop x64 error and projected. As the remainder of the workflow will deal exclusively with the clone (which, following successful projection, will Figure 9. Creating a re-meshed clone in Zbrush simply be a much cleaner version of the original) the original file can now be saved and closed, zapplink photoshop x64 error. It VAR, zapplink photoshop x64 error. Volumen 5 Número 10. ISSN: 1989-9947 Mayo 2014 27 Virtual Archaeology Review is good to visually go over the entire mesh to Once the canvas is set, zapplink photoshop x64 error, we need to orient the make sure there are no projection errors zapplink photoshop x64 error as model to match the orientation of the object zapplink photoshop x64 error jagged edges, missing pieces, or stretched the photograph. Minor adjustments will need to polygons, zapplink photoshop x64 error. If there are any errors then the clone’s be made in the objects orientation in order to topology needs to be inspected for triangles, achieve an exact match with zapplink photoshop x64 error photographs parameters need to be adjusted in the projection which can be made by not only manually panel and the object needs to be re-projected. If moving the model but also changing the Zbrush the errors are minimal often simply lightly canvas window perspective under the draw smoothing out jagged edges can fix the problem menu. Often this perspective information can be without modifying the overall morphology, and found in the metadata captured by the camera the workflow can continue. (Fig.11) when the photograph was taken and matched in zapplink photoshop x64 error Zbrush killing floor critical error a manual numerical input. In the absence of these data, manual adjustments will need to be made, the higher the curvature of the mesh being textured the more likely the need to adjust the screen perspective will be. Once the model is oriented and the perspective is set, zapplink photoshop x64 error, ZAppLink can be accessed by clicking the icon in the document window allowing the user to ‘drop’ the image. This will freeze the canvas zapplink photoshop x64 error in its current state and orientation and open it in Photoshop. Zapplink photoshop x64 error photos can then be overlaid onto the mesh one at a time in each orientation until the mesh is completely covered. Usually no system service exception windows 7 error fewer than 6 photographs taken at 6 orthogonal Figure 11. A: Original triangle polygon mesh. B: (anatomical) orientations are sufficient but as Remeshed clone with new topology and quads, zapplink photoshop x64 error. C: many photographs as necessary can be applied Divided clone with UV’s ready for projection. D: Final to achieve the desired texture. There will projected mesh with original detail reintroduced and clean inevitably be seams created at the junction of topology. two or more photographs or at the edges of individual photographs that have been applied With a clean mesh, the next stage will be to to the mesh. These will need to be poly-painted proceed with photo overlays for the final texture out or smoothed so zapplink photoshop x64 error the texture is a single map. Accomplishing this through Zbrush cohesive image and not a patchwork of multiple requires a current version of Photoshop as well images. Experienced texture artists can keep as the Zapplink photoshop x64 error plug-in, ZAppLink. Before these seems to a minimum if not eliminate them beginning there are a few workspace zapplink photoshop x64 error dhtml tip message version 1.5 error notice altogether without requiring a great deal of time adjustments that need to be made. First, the intensive cleaning. The manual texturing process Zbrush canvas size should be set to match the is not as exact as relying on color per vertex data pixel zapplink photoshop x64 error of the photos that are being textured capture from a 3D digitizer but the resultant from. This is done to prevent or at the least texture map is far cleaner and of much higher minimize jpeg compression errors or other detail resolution than native scan color and can be loss that might occur from dropping a used zapplink photoshop x64 error generate even higher levels of surface 3840x3840 pixel photo for example, onto the detail in the final stages of the workflow Zbrush canvas default size of 1120x840. pipeline. (Fig.12) VAR. Volumen 5 Número 10. ISSN: 1989-9947 Mayo 2014 zapplink photoshop x64 error 28 Virtual Archaeology Review When a clean texture map is created from high resolution photographs, there are a number of options available for introducing what could be zapplink photoshop x64 error considered low relief, HD-geometry. Photographs capture higher quality, higher resolution surface information than non-contact digitizers. When coupled with 3D scan data that higher quality resolution can be accessed in some novel ways. This is done through creating a different type of displacement map than of that generated through the previous step. Where the first displacement map was generated from the geometry at the highest level of division, this displacement map will be generated solely from color information in the texture as an alpha and then applied to the mesh as bump displacement. Though there are a number of ways of zapplink photoshop x64 error zapplink photoshop x64 error accomplishing this in Zbrush, zapplink photoshop x64 error, this explanation will detail the quickest method by short-cutting the process through Photoshop. (Fig.13) Figure 12. Before and after image texture Figure 13, zapplink photoshop x64 error. A: Texture map, zapplink photoshop x64 error. B: Texture converted to run time error zapplink photoshop x64 error crfxfnm directx error zapplink photoshop x64 error alpha for use in mesh displacement After the process of texturing is complete three files (.obj) are generated: one at the lowest level of resolution, one at a mid-level for use in 3D In order to extract color information and pdf’s and web distribution, and one at the translate it into geometry, the generated texture highest level of resolution for archiving and map needs to be cloned and exported as a future work. Further, zapplink photoshop x64 error, as each one of these files Photoshop file (.psd). This export can then be share a single UV map and texture, a opened up in Photoshop, converted to displacement map can be generated, zapplink photoshop x64 error, exported, greyscale, and lightly blurred. The blurring is and saved with the lowest density file for use in done to reduce aliasing that occurs from jpeg 3D model viewers, game engines and so on. sa mp has crashed the error compression artifacts created during the texture Once these maps are generated, saved and export. Once converted, this .psd file can then exported there is one more file that can be be saved back out with a different file name; created; an HD mesh from which higher detail texture-alpha for example, opened up in the displacement information can be stored for use displacement window and then adjusted until in distribution, rendering and exhibition. the desired effect is achieved. Once satisfied, zapplink photoshop x64 error, the displacement is applied and the new geometry is zapplink photoshop x64 error VAR. Volumen 5 Número 10. ISSN: 1989-9947 Mayo 2014 29 zapplink photoshop x64 error Virtual Archaeology Review now stored into the highest level of the mesh. From here, a fourth .obj can be exported with a new file name. obj-HD for example and saved with the rest of the archive. Further, if desired, a second displacement map can now be created with this new geometry and stored with the first displacement map and low-resolution .obj created during the previous step. (Fig.14) Figure 15. A: Original detail, archived mesh from scan data. B: Mesh displaced from the texture alpha. C: diniy ekstremizm va terrorizm Final HD-mesh textured and displaced for use in zapplink photoshop x64 error rendering, exhibition and distribution 6. DATABASE delphi range check error dll For each item scanned at the IVL we capture both general metadata about the object (when Figure 14. Projecting a displacement map created from collected, where collected, who collected it, image where it is stored, mass, etc.) and specific data about the scans themselves (scanner used, resolution of the scan, number of scan passes, The following image displays the effect this person conducting the scan, date scanned on, color bump displacement on a mesh and how etc.) as the scanning is happening. powerful the introduction of minor amounts of detail at low relief can be. (Fig.15) Once the scans are merged, additional canon 600d error 5 information is collected about the model zapplink photoshop x64 error (length, width, and height of bounding box, number of polygons, file name, storage location, zapplink photoshop x64 error who processed the scans, date processed). These VAR, zapplink photoshop x64 error. Volumen 5 Número 10. ISSN: 1989-9947 Mayo 2014 zapplink photoshop x64 error zapplink photoshop x64 error 30 Virtual Archaeology Review data can be collected at the time the processing of very high resolution data capture there are a is completed, or at any time after that processing number of issues that can cause problems with is finished. scanning. If the object to be scanned is very large, like a sculpture or architectural friese, the As further processing occurs (texturing, zapplink photoshop x64 error, re- amount of data being captured can easily meshing, etc.) data is collected about the zapplink photoshop x64 error overwelm even zapplink photoshop x64 error end desktop PCs. For items resulting deliverables (names of processed like these a larger data sampling rate of 1mm or meshes and where they are located, names of 2mm may be desirable to keep the file size textures produced and their locations, who zapplink photoshop x64 error down. Also, the sheer Surface area of the item processed them, date they were processed, will require more time to capture due to the number of polygons in processed mesh, zapplink photoshop x64 error relatively small (ca 4” wide) stripe being resolutions of the textures, what type of textures captured. they are). These data can be collected at any time after the processing is completed, but At the other end of the size spectrum, very small preference is to perform the data entry items require an exceptionally steady hand while immediately after the processing is finished. scanning to keep the number of human caused Data entry occurs in multiple stages: first, zapplink photoshop x64 error, paper scanning errors to a minimum. Also, using a forms are filled out with all the object level fixed exposure setting on the scanner can help metadata, zapplink photoshop x64 error, and then paper forms are filled out for capture data from the object without capturing the model specific data when the model is the support material or background. processed, zapplink photoshop x64 error. The information on these paper Reguardless, and quite counter-intuatively, the forms can be entered into our database at any smaller the item being scanned the longer it will time using our online data entry system. As take to capture due to the scanner attempting to items are processed through secondary capture data from the entire length of the processing, like texturing, that data is directly scanner’s laser stripe, and not simply the region entered into the online system without first actually covering the object of interest. being written down on paper. This is done to A final problem with doing any 3D capture facilitate data capture and editing at off-site work, especially for exhibition, is incorporating locations, while all secondary processes occur in high resolution color data into the final model. the lab offices. With curent technologies, color information generated through scanning with non-contact 7. DISCUSSION surface digitizers is color-per-vertex; the color is applied directly to the polygon mesh and not We live in a world that is dominated and mapped with UVs. If scanners were built with ultimately defined by the services and the cost of sufficiently high resolution cameras and if scan those services available to us, zapplink photoshop x64 error. As such, we at the editing software produced models with good IVL are constantly assessing the cost of our topological flow or consistant tessellation this service to the world of digital heritage. The would not be an issue, however neither of these overall cost to digitally acquire data and preserve are generally the case. Rather, the texture and distribute those data varies depending on information at close proximity appears out of the object or objects in question. Preliminary focus, and is generally not of a high enough estimates for smaller museum specimens is now quality to be considered useful on a finished about $18.00 per specimen, but we are working archive. Therefore, a considerable amount of with industry to reduce this cost to less than time in manual editing must be included in the $10.00 per specimen by increasing automation, processing stage to ensure that the textures are creating better color applications zapplink photoshop x64 error reducing of the highest quality and clarity if color is time spent on every process in our pipeline. desired with the final models. Though the Faro Technologies Edge Arm non- contact surface digitizing laser system is capible There are other data capture solutions where color information is collected as a priority over VAR. Volumen 5 Número 10. ISSN: 1989-9947 Mayo 2014 31 error x3501 r2 online Virtual Archaeology Review geometric information such as various accuracy is a first priority in 3D heritage photogrammetric applications. However, archiving, zapplink photoshop x64 error, the geometry and scale cannot be geometry and scale tend to be sacrificed over comprimised. Due to this, for most scenarios color information and small features can ‘web’ outside of very large scale captures, zapplink photoshop x64 error, like together as an artifact of generating geometry buildings or frescos for example, from, light, shadow, and color, zapplink photoshop x64 error. The resultant photogrammetry will not produce a high enough textures are of photographic quality but the quality mesh for a heritage archive regardless of underlying wire frames are often too low in the color that can be created with it. resolution to stand on their own as archival data and scale needs to be manually applied. Where ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank the National Science Foundation (awards ARC- 0808933, 102332, zapplink photoshop x64 error, 1237452 and 1321411), the Hitz Foundation, the M. J. Murdock Charitable Trust, zapplink photoshop x64 error, Idaho State University, the ISU Informatics Research Institute, and the Idaho Museum of Natural History for supporting this research, zapplink photoshop x64 error. The National Science Foundation, nor any other funding source, is responsible for the advancements, conclusions, zapplink photoshop x64 error, or implications of this php error logs centos. REFERENCES BETTS, zapplink photoshop x64 error, M. W., MASCHNER, H. D. G., SCHOU, zapplink photoshop x64 error, C. D., SCHLADER, R., zapplink photoshop x64 error, HOLMES, J., CLEMENT, N., SMUIN, M, zapplink photoshop x64 error. (2011): “Virtual zooarchaeology: building a web-based reference collection of northern vertebrates for archaeofaunal research and education”, in Journal of Archaeological Science, Volume: 38, Issue: 4, pp. 755-762. MASCHNER, H. (2013): “Democracy in 3D”, in Museum, pp. 26-31, zapplink photoshop x64 error. MASCHNER, H., SCHOU, C., HOLMES, J, zapplink photoshop x64 error. (2013): “Virtualization and the democratization of science: 3D technologies revolutionize museum research and Access”, in Proceedings of the 2013 World Digital Heritage Conference. -1-4799-3169-9/13©2013 IEEE. TAPANILA, L., PRUITT, J., PRADEL, A., WILGA, C. D., RAMSAY, zapplink photoshop x64 error, J. B., SCHLADER, R., DIDIER, D. A. (2013): “Jaws for a spiral-tooth whorl: CT images reveal novel adaptation and phylogeny in fossil Helicoprion”, in Biology Letters, 9, zapplink photoshop x64 error, 20130057 zapplink photoshop x64 error VAR. Volumen 5 Número 10. ISSN: 1989-9947 Mayo 2014
I posted it in the Questions and trouble shooting thread for zb4r5 I’ll go ahead and repost it here
Same crash for me on my home PC as well with PS CS6 x64 (13.0.1)
Windows 7 64bit SP1
Intel Ci7 920 CPU 2.67Ghz
12 GB of ram
40GB free on HD that zb and PS are installed on
ZB4r5 (latest ZAppLink_4.0.zsc)
Photshop CS 6 64 bit (latest updates)
I just found that if I have Zapplink Views saved and I also have the “Zapplink Views” button canon 350d error 99 then Zapplink works perfectly fine, zapplink photoshop x64 error. But it is only when “Zapplink Views” is pressed that it works. If it is unpressed then PS crashes instantly.
The latest zapplink still does not work for me either, I get farther than I used to get but once the image gets into PS CS5.1 64 bit, it hangs for a minute and then crashes PS all together. I am never able to paint on a layer.
Here is a video showing this happening. I have tried restarting my computer and doing everything else I can think of to get it to work, nothing seems to work.
http://screencast.com/t/dedbgL9KWindows 7 64bit SP1
Intel Xenon CPU 2.67Ghz
24 GB of ram
390GB free on HD that zb and PS are installed on
ZB4r5 (latest ZAppLink_4.0.zsc)
Photshop CS 5.1 64 bit (latest updates)
A couple of things have to be done before exporting a model to Z-Brush if the model is going to be used in Lightwave. You’ll need a few plug ins like a 16bit tiff loader, Lynxs displacement plug in or the zwave plug in.
There are two ways that I know of. The one in this post is using displacement maps. The other is normal maps.
Lightwave export steps.
Model the geometry in Modeler so that the major areas are as cloe to teh final as possible for best results. Now this does not mean you have to model every little detail but its best if your character has a tail to model the tail in Lightwave instead of just brushing in the tail geometry from a flat surface, zapplink photoshop x64 error. THis would cause numerous displacement map problems later. Try to get the major portions as close as you can.
Next, UV maps must be defined in Lightwave before exporting to z-brush. You can successfully do it other ways but the best results are achieved when Lightwave defines the UV’s first.
The Lightwave object will be leaving to z-brush as an OBJ. Z-Brush does not support LWO’s natively.
Since the Lightwave object becomes an OBJ you must triple the geometry. If you do not then the conversion process will do it for you but you zapplink photoshop x64 error get some tripled geometry you do not want. Best make sure you do the tripling yourself.
Z-Brush import steps.
Upon importing your OBJ you’ll want to define the color and displacement texture resolution before doing any brush work. I would start with 2048x2048 or higher. Make sure these are setup before brushing begins or you may not get the resolution or projection you want or even end up with non matching textures when going back into Lightwave.
Once you have your textures set you need to “store a Morph target” This will tell z-brush to take a picture of your low resolution mesh so that when you add further subdivision levels it can go back to lower resolutions again for export back to Lightwave, zapplink photoshop x64 error. The idea here is that you…
a. Start with a low poly mesh
b. Set your displacement texture resolution
c. Store the low poly mesh “store morph target”
d. Begin brushing in displacement geometry that will be added to the displacement texture you set up in step “B”
Now that you have the textures and low poly mesh setup you can now bush on displacement details. You can upres the model by pressing “subdivide” to further add more geometry to manipulate.
Adding small details like wrinkles are done with alpha brushes that will be added with “projection master”
Then you can add color to your model and this will be added to the color texture seperate from teh displacement texture. color to taste. This is an aquired skill like learning photoshop. Painting on a 3d model is not something you just learn on the first try. Keep at it and you’ll learn what z brush likes and dislikes.
Once your z-brush model is all the rave with wicked details, bulgeing veins, dirty teeth, and anything else you might need iit is now time to go back to Lightwave.
Save out the Displacement map which should be a 16bit tiff, if its not a 16bit tiff you may not have the nice small details. Also export your color texture as well, zapplink photoshop x64 error, a TGA should do fine. YOu can zapplink photoshop x64 error the images vertically either in Z-brush or do it later in Photoshop. The export or import flips them for some reason. Don’t ask me why.
Return you model to the low poly mesh “morph target” and export it as a different OBJ file then the one 1015 iphone error brought in.
Back in Lightwave
Open the model in modeler. It should similar to the mesh you exported, maybe slightly different due to the z-brushing.
Press “tab” to make it a subdivided model and save it out to zapplink photoshop x64 error LWO file.
Open the LWO zapplink photoshop x64 error in Lightwave…don’t worry the magic isn;t applied yet…it still a low poly mess right?
If you loaded the 16Bit tiff loader (just a plug-in that you add) you should be able to open your displacement map, zapplink photoshop x64 error. Load the displacement into Lynx’s displacment plug in and make sure when you choose the displacement texture that you also use the UV projection you defined before exporting from Lightwave to Z-Brush. If you don’t you’ll end up with a mess. CHoose “UV” projection and then in the uv list should be your defined UV’s that will line up the displacement map properly, zapplink photoshop x64 error. Also, if its weird you may have not yet flipped it vertically yet.
If it looks like the model you made but is blurry in detail or is fat you have two thinsgs to tweak. First is the Lynx’s plug in size parameters and second is the subdivision level you are using. Lightwave defaults to level 3. Often you have to go much higher to match the details in z-brush. Sometimes I end up with a million poly model. Which has had me wanting 64bit Lightwave for about a year
- Do the same for your color map in the color channel as well…pick the UV projection. Also its good to add the displacement map to the bump map as well to get the small details.
Pixologic is pleased to announce the release of ZBrush 2020.1.1! This free update enables artists by providing significant enhancements in a number of areas.
Updates & Fixes
- Fixed: Additional edit point added when holding Spacebar with any brush that makes use of the Ctrl+Shift combination. For example: Select Lasso, Clip brushes, Trim brushes, and CreaseCurve.
- Some minor adjustments to internal ZBrush functions.
Updates & Fixes
Fixed: ZBrush UI - Mac Finder Blurry Text & Icons.
Fixed: Text box working in Japanese Windows with button Size set to <= 41.
Fixed: Translated UI that cut SubTool info off in Japanese / Korean languages.
Fixed: Size Sliders causing crash after changing size of a Project then reloading the Project.
Fixed: Bracket ( ] ) increase draw size hotkey was broken (MacOS).
Fixed: FiberMesh Curves OBJ Exporting was not creating OBJ (MacOS).
Fixed: Mesh Turns Black While Layer in Record Mode
Fixed: Tool:Masking:Go To Unmasked Center does not create an undo.
Fixed: Ghost SubTool names would remain when loading another project.
Fixed: ZAppLink Photoshop & PaintStop RGB Projection Errors.
Fixed: Switching to the lower subdivision during recording mode on Layers, the model turns to black.
Fixed: ZBrush would QuickSave a blank ZPR file that caused a crash.
Fixed: History Recall does not work if Split Screen is enabled.
Fixed: Slice Curve Brush to Morph UV mesh Crash.
Fixed: ZModeler vertex snapping with smaller meshes.
Fixed: Symmetry icons updating when switching from Local Symmetry to World Symmetry.
Fixed: Interactive Light causing crashes.
Fixed: Improved Mac fans issue on macOS.
Added: A diagnostic utility to improve the submission and resolution of future bug reports.
Updated: The Menus button has been placed back into the ZBrush UI.
Updated: Projection Master shortcut is now Shift +G.
Updated: Lasso Select zapplink photoshop x64 error will allow a larger selection.
Update: FiberMesh with Subdiv will not render PolyFrame color with BPR.
Updated: Size Sliders will only update if Enter is pressed.
Updated: Clip, Slice and Trim brushes will no longer be able to be used when in Morph UV mode.
Updated: Button Size Clips UI clipping (MacOS) with very large button size(>90).
Updated: User can now define colors for Draft Analysis.
Updated: When renaming SubTools the first letter will no longer be capitalized automatically.
- Fixed camera import error messages
- Improved support for more than one display on macOS
- Decimation Master
- Fixed path issue that affected some users on Windows
- Left and Right tray macro
- Right tray macro updated to open/close right tray.
- Will now launch on MacOs 10.15 (Catalina)
- UV Master
- Automatically selects Paint brush for control painting
- ZBrush to Photoshop
- Resolved Subtool layer issue
- 3D Print Hub
- Updated 3DPrintHubAbout.PSD file
- SubTool Master
- Removed stray button in DoVisible options
- Restored hiding of the top menus
- GoZ for Maya (Win/Mac)
- GoZ Installer
Pixologic is pleased to announce the release of ZBrush 2020! This new version enables artists with greater zapplink photoshop x64 error flexibility via powerful additions to the award winning brush system, as well as significant enhancements in a number of other areas.
New Feature Highlights
- XTractor Brushes - Convert detail from your model into a new alpha or texture for reuse elsewhere.
- HistoryRecall Brush - Project a model’s Undo History to another model regardless of topology differences.
- Sculpt & Paint in Morph UV - You can now paint and even sculpt directly on a model’s flattened UV shell.
- Move Infinite Depth - Affect anything that is directly inline with the brush cursor, no matter how far from the camera.
- Texture Adjust Color - Adjust the colors in a model’s texture on the fly, modifying hue, intensity, zapplink photoshop x64 error, contrast, gamma or tint.
- PolyPaint Adjust Color - Same as above, but for PolyPaint. These features include eight color channels to easily restrict your changes to certain areas.
- Wall Thickness Analysis - Instantly know what parts of a model are too thin for successful 3D printing, or thicker than necessary.
- Real-Time Draft Analysis - Easily identify and fix portions of the model that would lock up when used in two part molding or CNC printing.
- Calculate Surface Area - ZBrush can now provide you with the bounding box size, zapplink photoshop x64 error, mesh volume and surface area, zapplink photoshop x64 error, check for watertight integrity and help calculate real-world material needs.
- Cam View - Always know how your model sits relative to XYZ space. Includes one-click buttons for snapping to orthagonal views.
- Real-Time Silhouette View - Turn on a picture-in-picture window that displays your model’s silhouette in real-time, or see how it “reads” from a distance.
- ZeeZoo - Mannequins have gone wild, with a library of animal figures to help you compose scenes of all kinds.
- Deco Curve Brush - The classic Deco Brush for 2.5D painting is now available as a 3D sculpting brush.
- Model Paint Fade Opacity - If a model’s PolyPaint or texture is making it hard for you to see the sculpted details you can now partially fade the color or even hide it altogether.
- No Back & Forth Mode - Zigzagging brush strokes can now build up in one direction, only. This mode also combines with LazyMouse Backtrack for unique effects.
- New Import/Export Options Window - Easier control when importing or exporting and support for even more formats, all in one place.
How to Purchase
New users can purchase ZBrush 2020 through our online store. Both perpetual and subscription licenses are available. From now through December 4, zapplink photoshop x64 error, 2019 you will receive special pricing of $795 for a perpetual license, $10 off the first term of a 30 day subscription or $40 off the first term on a six-month subscription. (After the initial term, subscriptions will rebill at the regular price.)
This update includes the following improvements, mostly affecting Split Screen mode:
Activating Solo while in Split Screen no longer causes screen artifacts.
Duplicating a SubTool while in Split Screen no longer causes drawing artifacts.
There are no longer camera issues when drawing a selection rectangle and pressing spacebar.
Rendered curves are now clipped to the Split Screen region.
Split Screen now respects Dynamic Subdivisions.
An issue with tessimation smoothing a masked mesh has been resolved.
ZBrush 2019.1 is now available as a FREE update for all users. We strongly recommend upgrading at the earliest opportunity, zapplink photoshop x64 error.
It includes several new features as well as a number of enhancements or fixes within both the ZBrush feature set and various plugins. Please see the list below for more information.
ZBrush 2019.1 introduces zapplink photoshop x64 error additions to both improve workflow and enhance your ZBrush experience:
A new split mode, which isolates the current SubTool from all others, displaying them on separate sides of the screen. See it in action with the video below!
A Screensaver has been added which (after a predefined amount of time) will display curated images straight from the ZBrushCentral.com 20 community. Unlike your operating system screensaver, this one will file name error affect the ZBrush application window.
A new “Groups Intersection” mode has been added to the Smooth Brush Modifiers.
GoZ has been updated with support for Adobe Photoshop® 2019, Autodesk Maya 2019 and Autodesk 3DS Max 2020.
The FBX format now supports up to 64 cameras at import and export, zapplink photoshop x64 error. Imported cameras are listed in the Camera selection list in the Draw palette. FBX will now support up to FBX 2019.
Several plugins have been updated to support 2019 additions as well as for stability and performance improvements:
SubTool Master, with a new Show Hidden Points function.
3D Print Hub, with better handling of large STL files and support for more STL formats on import.
ZBrush to Photoshop
Below are some of the improvements or behavior changes made with ZBrush 2019.1:
A pop-up message is now displayed when exiting Edit mode, zapplink photoshop x64 error, asking for confirmation.
SubTool folders now support Move Up and Move Down functions.
SnapShot 3D with reference images will no longer apply a DynaMesh Boolean process, zapplink photoshop x64 error. (Pressing ‘Sub’ is now required for the SpotLight image to be cut out of the DynaMesh surface.)
Updated keyboard shortcuts for macOS to now create a Folder with Command+F.
Updated keyboard shortcuts for macOS to go full screen with Command+Ctrl+F rather than creating a new folder.
Saving and loading files across a network have been improved.
Stability and Fixes:
Several issues raised by our users or beta testers have been fixed in the 2019.1 release:
Ctrl+Shift brushes no longer jump when holding Space Bar.
Assigning a hotkey now gives a warning if the hotkey is already in use.
Snapshot 3D snapping points now respects canvas Zoom.
Support has been added for .jpeg and .tiff image file extensions.
Total Points Count display has been improved.
Improved Boolean generation.
Crease Level slider will update results when Dynamic Subdivision is enabled.
Dots display mode is now disabled when Transparency mode is active.
Improved stability of the Surface Noise editor.
Improved stability when switching rapidly between Edit and Move modes.
Update: Pixologic ZBrush 2019.1 – New Split Mode & More
This point update to Pixologic ZBrush adds several new features including the new Split mode, as well as many enhancements and fixes to the ZBrush feature set and plugins. This update is free for existing ZBrush 2019 users.
What is ZBrush?
Pixologic™ ZBrush® 2019 sets the industry standard for digital sculpting. Its features enable you to use customizable brushes to shape, texture and paint virtual clay in a real-time environment. When you use ZBrush, you’ll be working with the same tools used by film studios, zapplink photoshop x64 error, game developers, toy/collectible makers, jewelry designers, zapplink photoshop x64 error, automotive/aviation designers, illustrators and artists worldwide. ZBrush is an art tool created by artists for artists. It allows you to create models and illustrations limited only by your imagination.
What’s New in ZBrush 2019.1?
ZBrush 2019.1 introduces several additions to both improve workflow and enhance your ZBrush experience:
- A new split mode, which isolates the current SubTool from all others, displaying them on separate sides of the screen. See it in action with the video below!
- A Screensaver has been added which (after a predefined amount of time) will display curated images straight from the ZBrushCentral.com community. Unlike your operating system screensaver, this one will only affect the ZBrush application window.
- A new “Groups Intersection” mode has been added to the Smooth Brush Modifiers.
- GoZ has been updated with support for Adobe Photoshop® 2019, Autodesk Maya 2019 and Autodesk 3DS Max 2020.
- The FBX format now supports up to 64 cameras at import and export. Imported cameras are listed in the Camera selection list in the Draw palette. FBX will now support up to FBX 2019.
Several plugins have been updated to support 2019 additions as well as for stability and performance improvements:
- SubTool Master, with a new Show Hidden Points function.
- Scale Master
- 3D Print Hub, with better handling of large STL files and support for more STL formats on import.
- Intersection Masker
- FBX Import/Export
- ZBrush to Photoshop
- Decimation Master
- Image Plane
Below are some of the improvements or behavior changes made with ZBrush 2019.1:
- A pop-up message is now displayed when exiting Edit mode, asking for confirmation.
- SubTool folders now support Move Up and Move Down functions.
- SnapShot 3D with reference images will no longer apply a DynaMesh Boolean process. (Pressing ‘Sub’ is now required for the SpotLight image to be cut out of the DynaMesh surface.)
- Updated keyboard shortcuts for macOS to now create a Folder with Command+F.
- Updated keyboard shortcuts for macOS to go full screen with Command+Ctrl+F rather than creating a new folder.
- Saving and loading files across a network have been improved.
STABILITY AND FIXES:
Several issues raised by our users zapplink photoshop x64 error beta testers have been fixed in the 2019.1 release:
- Ctrl+Shift brushes no longer jump when holding Space Bar.
- Assigning a hotkey now gives a warning if the hotkey is already in use.
- Snapshot 3D snapping points now respects canvas Zoom.
- Support has been added for .jpeg and .tiff image file extensions.
- Total Points Count display has been improved.
- Improved Boolean generation.
- Crease Level slider will update results when Dynamic Subdivision is enabled.
- Dots display mode is now disabled when Transparency mode is active.
- Improved stability of the Surface Noise editor.
- Improved stability when switching rapidly between Edit and Move modes.
Abhishek 3d, abhifxtech, zapplink photoshop x64 error, art, cg, zapplink photoshop x64 error, modeling, pixologic, sculpt, sculpting, zbrush
The year’s first release of the world’s arguably most famous digital sculpting software is here. This comes after the release of Zbrush 2020 in Nov 2019 and is largely bug fix release with no major new features involved.
- Fixed: ZBrush UI – Mac Finder Blurry Text & Icons.
- Fixed: Text box working in Japanese Windows with button Size set to <= 41.
- Fixed: Translated UI that cut SubTool info off in Japanese / Korean languages.
- Fixed: Size Sliders causing crash after changing size of a Project then reloading the Project.
- Fixed: Bracket ( ] ) increase draw size hotkey was broken (MacOS).
- Fixed: FiberMesh Curves OBJ Exporting was not creating OBJ (MacOS).
- Fixed: Mesh Zapplink photoshop x64 error Black While Layer in Record Mode
- Fixed: Tool:Masking:Go To Unmasked Center does not create an undo.
- Fixed: Ghost SubTool names would remain when loading another project.
- Fixed: ZAppLink Photoshop & PaintStop RGB Projection Errors.
- Fixed: Switching to the lower subdivision during recording mode on Layers, the model turns to black.
- Fixed: ZBrush would QuickSave a blank ZPR file that caused a crash.
- Fixed: History Recall does not work if Split Screen is enabled.
- Fixed: Slice Curve Brush to Morph UV mesh Crash.
- Fixed: ZModeler vertex snapping with smaller meshes.
- Fixed: Symmetry icons updating when switching from Local Symmetry to World Symmetry.
- Fixed: Interactive Light causing crashes.
- Fixed: Improved Mac fans issue on macOS.
- Added: A diagnostic utility to improve the submission and resolution of future bug reports.
- Updated: The Menus button has been placed back into the ZBrush UI.
- Updated: Projection Master shortcut is now Shift +G.
- Updated: Lasso Select brush will allow a larger selection.
- Update: FiberMesh with Subdiv will not render PolyFrame color with BPR.
- Updated: Size Sliders will only update if Enter is pressed.
- Updated: Clip, Slice and Trim brushes will no longer be able to be used when in Morph UV mode.
- Updated: Button Size Clips UI clipping (MacOS) with very large button size(>90).
- Updated: User can now define colors for Draft Analysis.
- Updated: When renaming SubTools the first letter will no longer be capitalized automatically.
What is Zbrush?
Its a software to create hi-resolution 3d models. unlike other 3d modeling techniques, models are not created polygon by polygon but by using pull, push, squash, scrape, manipulate 3d object, zapplink photoshop x64 error. This is akin to clay sculpting in real life.
See more by visiting the Pixologic website.
Abhishek is a Finance Professional and has worked in multiple MNCs. However, he is also an avid tech reader and tinkerer with over 20 years of experience. His passions include 3D animation and drawing Illustrations. His creations can be viewed at www.artstation.com/abhifx
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