Vba on error goto next

vba on error goto next

2) On Error Resume Next - this ignores all run-time errors. This is not recommended. 3) On Error GoTo LineLabel - this lets you provide a. 14 What's Next? A Quick Guide to Error Handing. Item, Description. On Error Goto 0, When error occurs. Resume Next: If an error occurs, program execution continues with the statement that follows the statement in which the error occurred.

Vba on error goto next - join

On Error GoTo ... Resume Statement

Enables an error-handling routine after an error occurs, or resumes program execution.

Syntax:

On Error Statement diagram

Parameters:

GoTo Labelname: If an error occurs, enables the error-handling routine that starts at the line "Labelname".

Resume Next: If an error occurs, program execution continues with the statement that follows the statement in which the error occurred.

GoTo 0: Disables the error handler in the current procedure.

Local: "On error" is global in scope, and remains active until canceled by another "On error" statement. "On Local error" is local to the routine which invokes it. Local error handling overrides any previous global setting. When the invoking routine exits, the local error handling is canceled automatically, and any previous global setting is restored.

The On Error GoTo statement is used to react to errors that occur in a macro.

Example:

Impressum (Legal Info) ResumeNext }

There are 3 choice:
1) On Error GoTo 0 - this interrupts your code with a dialog box. This is the default when no error handler is specified.
2) On Error Resume Next - this ignores all run-time errors. This is not recommended.
3) On Error GoTo LineLabel - this lets you provide a custom error handler.


On Error GoTo 0

This is the default error handler which interrupts execution and displays a dialog box.

OnErrorGoTo 0

Disables enabled error handler in the current procedure and resets it to Nothing. more


On Error Resume Next

OnErrorResumeNext

This statement allows execution to continue when a run-time error occurs. more


On Error GoTo LineLabel

OnErrorGoTo LineLabel
LineLabel:

Execution jumps to the line label when an error occurs. more


On Error GoTo -1

Clears the error handling allowing you to define another error trap. more


Resume Statement

Allows you to resume execution after a run-time error occurs. more


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On Error Statement (Visual Basic)

  • Article
  • 7 minutes to read

Enables an error-handling routine and specifies the location of the routine within a procedure; can also be used to disable an error-handling routine. The statement is used in unstructured error handling and can be used instead of structured exception handling. Structured exception handling is built into .NET, is generally more efficient, and so is recommended when handling runtime errors in your application.

Without error handling or exception handling, any run-time error that occurs is fatal: an error message is displayed, and execution stops.

Note

The keyword is also used in the Error Statement, which is supported for backward compatibility.

Syntax

Parts

TermDefinition
lineEnables the error-handling routine that starts at the line specified in the required line argument. The line argument is any line label or line number. If a run-time error occurs, control branches to the specified line, making the error handler active. The specified line must be in the same procedure as the statement or a compile-time error will occur.
Disables enabled error handler in the current procedure and resets it to .
Disables enabled exception in the current procedure and resets it to .
Specifies that when a run-time error occurs, control goes to the statement immediately following the statement where the error occurred, and execution continues from that point. Use this form rather than when accessing objects.

Note

We recommend that you use structured exception handling in your code whenever possible, rather than using unstructured exception handling and the statement. For more information, see Try...Catch...Finally Statement.

An "enabled" error handler is one that is turned on by an statement. An "active" error handler is an enabled handler that is in the process of handling an error.

If an error occurs while an error handler is active (between the occurrence of the error and a , , , or statement), the current procedure's error handler cannot handle the error. Control returns to the calling procedure.

If the calling procedure has an enabled error handler, it is activated to handle the error. If the calling procedure's error handler is also active, control passes back through previous calling procedures until an enabled, but inactive, error handler is found. If no such error handler is found, the error is fatal at the point at which it actually occurred.

Each time the error handler passes control back to a calling procedure, that procedure becomes the current procedure. Once an error is handled by an error handler in any procedure, execution resumes in the current procedure at the point designated by the statement.

Note

An error-handling routine is not a procedure or a procedure. It is a section of code marked by a line label or a line number.

Number Property

Error-handling routines rely on the value in the property of the object to determine the cause of the error. The routine should test or save relevant property values in the object before any other error can occur or before a procedure that might cause an error is called. The property values in the object reflect only the most recent error. The error message associated with is contained in .

Throw Statement

An error that is raised with the method sets the property to a newly created instance of the Exception class. In order to support the raising of exceptions of derived exception types, a statement is supported in the language. This takes a single parameter that is the exception instance to be thrown. The following example shows how these features can be used with the existing exception handling support:

Notice that the statement traps all errors, regardless of the exception class.

On Error Resume Next

causes execution to continue with the statement immediately following the statement that caused the run-time error, or with the statement immediately following the most recent call out of the procedure containing the statement. This statement allows execution to continue despite a run-time error. You can place the error-handling routine where the error would occur rather than transferring control to another location within the procedure. An statement becomes inactive when another procedure is called, so you should execute an statement in each called routine if you want inline error handling within that routine.

Note

The construct may be preferable to when handling errors generated during access to other objects. Checking after each interaction with an object removes ambiguity about which object was accessed by the code. You can be sure which object placed the error code in , as well as which object originally generated the error (the object specified in ).

On Error GoTo 0

disables error handling in the current procedure. It doesn't specify line 0 as the start of the error-handling code, even if the procedure contains a line numbered 0. Without an statement, an error handler is automatically disabled when a procedure is exited.

On Error GoTo -1

disables the exception in the current procedure. It does not specify line -1 as the start of the error-handling code, even if the procedure contains a line numbered -1. Without an statement, an exception is automatically disabled when a procedure is exited.

To prevent error-handling code from running when no error has occurred, place an , , or statement immediately before the error-handling routine, as in the following fragment:

Here, the error-handling code follows the statement and precedes the statement to separate it from the procedure flow. You can place error-handling code anywhere in a procedure.

Untrapped Errors

Untrapped errors in objects are returned to the controlling application when the object is running as an executable file. Within the development environment, untrapped errors are returned to the controlling application only if the proper options are set. See your host application's documentation for a description of which options should be set during debugging, how to set them, and whether the host can create classes.

If you create an object that accesses other objects, you should try to handle any unhandled errors they pass back. If you cannot, map the error codes in to one of your own errors and then pass them back to the caller of your object. You should specify your error by adding your error code to the constant. For example, if your error code is 1052, assign it as follows:

Caution

System errors during calls to Windows dynamic-link libraries (DLLs) do not raise exceptions and cannot be trapped with Visual Basic error trapping. When calling DLL functions, you should check each return value for success or failure (according to the API specifications), and in the event of a failure, check the value in the object's property.

Example

This example first uses the statement to specify the location of an error-handling routine within a procedure. In the example, an attempt to divide by zero generates error number 6. The error is handled in the error-handling routine, and control is then returned to the statement that caused the error. The statement turns off error trapping. Then the statement is used to defer error trapping so that the context for the error generated by the next statement can be known for certain. Note that is used to clear the object's properties after the error is handled.

Requirements

Namespace:Microsoft.VisualBasic

Assembly: Visual Basic Runtime Library (in Microsoft.VisualBasic.dll)

See also

Statutes (non-binding English translation) - Satzung (binding German version)

On Error Statements

You can use the "On Error" statement to specify which type of error handler to use when a run-time error occurs.

OnError { GoTo [ line

Vba on error goto next - really. was

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VBA Error Handling – A Complete Guide

“Abort, Retry, Fail?” – MS-DOS error message circa 1986

This post provides a complete guide to VBA Error Handing. If you are looking for a quick summary then check out the quick guide table in the first section.

If you are looking for a particular topic on VBA Error Handing then check out the table of contents below(if it’s not visible click on the post header).

If you are new to VBA Error Handling, then you can read the post from start to finish as it is laid out in logical order.

Contents

A Quick Guide to Error Handing

ItemDescription
On Error Goto 0When error occurs, the code stops and displays the error.
On Error Goto -1 Clears the current error setting and reverts to the default.
On Error Resume NextIgnores the error and continues on.
On Error Goto [Label]Goes to a specific label when an error occurs.
This allows us to handle the error.
Err ObjectWhen an error occurs the error information is stored here.
Err.NumberThe number of the error.
(Only useful if you need to check a specific error occurred.)
Err.DescriptionContains the error text.
Err.SourceYou can populate this when you use Err.Raise.
Err.RaiseA function that allows you to generate your own error.
Error FunctionReturns the error text from an error number.
Obsolete.
Error StatementSimulates an error. Use Err.Raise instead.

 

The Webinar

Members of the Webinar Archives can access the webinar for this article by clicking on the image below.

(Note: Archive members have access to the webinar archive.)

vba error handling video

 

Download the Error Handling Library

 

Introduction

Error Handling refers to code that is written to handle errors which occur when your application is running. These errors are normally caused by something outside your control like a missing file, database being unavailable, data being invalid etc.

If we think an error is likely to occur at some point, it is good practice to write specific code to handle the error if it occurs and deal with it.

For all other errors, we use generic code to deal with them. This is where the VBA error handling statement comes into play. They allow our application to deal gracefully with any errors we weren’t expecting.

To understand error handling we must first understand the different types of errors in VBA.

VBA Error Handling

 

VBA Errors

There are three types of errors in VBA:

  1. Syntax
  2. Compilation
  3. Runtime

We use error handling to deal with runtime errors. Let’s have a look at each of these error types so that it is clear what a runtime error is.

 

Syntax Errors

If you have used VBA for any length of time you will have seen a syntax error. When you type a line and press return, VBA will evaluate the syntax and if it is not correct it will display an error message.

For example if you type If and forget the Then keyword, VBA will display the following error message

VBA Error Handling

Some examples of syntax errors are

' then is missingIf a > b ' equals is missing after iFor i 2 To 7 ' missing right parenthesis b = left("ABCD",1

Syntax errors relate to one line only. They occur when the syntax of one line is incorrect.

Note: You can turn off the Syntax error dialog by going to Tools->Options and checking off “Auto Syntax Check”. The line will still appear red if there is an error but the dialog will not appear.

 

Compilation Errors

Compilation errors occur over more than one line. The syntax is correct on a single line but is incorrect when all the project code is taken into account.

Examples of compilation errors are:

  • If statement without corresponding End If statement
  • For without Next
  • Select without End Select
  • Calling a Sub or Function that does not exist
  • Calling a Sub or Function with the wrong parameters
  • Giving a Sub or Function the same name as a module
  • Variables not declared(Option Explicit must be present at the top of the module)

The following screenshot shows a compilation error that occurs when a For loop has no matching Next statement.

VBA Error Handling

 

Using Debug->Compile

To find compilation errors, we use Debug->Compile VBA Project from the Visual Basic menu.

When you select Debug->Compile, VBA displays the first error it comes across.

When this error is fixed, you can run Compile again and VBA will then find the next error.

Debug->Compile will also include syntax errors in it’s search which is very useful.

If there are no errors left and you run Debug->Compile , it may appear that nothing happened. However, “Compile” will be grayed out in the Debug menu. This means your application has no compilation errors at the current time.

 

Debug->Compile Error Summary

  • Debug->Compile finds compilation(project wide) errors.
  • It will also find syntax errors.
  • It finds one error each time you use it.
  • When there are no compilation errors left the Compile option will appear grayed out in the menu.

 

Debug->Compile Usage

You should always use Debug->Compile before you run your code. This ensures that your code has no compilation errors when you run it.

If you do not run Debug->Compile then VBA may find compile errors when it runs. These should not be confused with Runtime errors.

 

Runtime Errors

Runtime errors occur when your application is running. They are normally outside of your control but can be caused by errors in your code.

VBA Error Handling

For example, imagine your application reads from an external workbook. If this file gets deleted then VBA will display an error when your code tries to open it.

Other examples of runtime errors are

  • a database not being available
  • the user entering invalid data
  • a cell containing text instead of a number

As we have seen, the purpose of error handling is to deal with runtime errors when they occur.

 

Expected Versus Unexpected Errors

When we think a runtime error could occur we put code in place to handle it. For example, we would normally put code in place to deal with a file not being found.

The following code checks if the file exists before it tries to open it. If the file does not exist then a user friendly message is displayed and the code exits the sub.

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub OpenFile() Dim sFile AsString sFile = "C:\docs\data.xlsx"' Use Dir to check if file existsIf Dir(sFile) = ""Then' if file does not exist display message MsgBox "Could not find the file " & sFile ExitSubEndIf' Code will only reach here if file exists Workbooks.Open sFile EndSub

When we think an error is likely to occur at some point, it is good practice to add code to handle the situation. We normally refer to these errors as expected errors.

If we don’t have specific code to handle an error it is considered an unexpected error. We use the VBA error handling statements to handle the unexpected errors.

 

Runtime Errors that are not VBA Errors

Before we look at the VBA Handling there is one type of error we must mention. Some runtime errors are not considered errors by VBA but only by the user.

Let me explain this with an example. Imagine you have an application that requires you to add the values in the variables a and b

result = a + b

 

Let’s say you mistakenly use an asterisk instead of the plus sign

result = a * b

This is not a VBA error. Your code syntax is perfectly legal. However, from your requirements point of view it is an error.

These errors cannot be dealt with using error handling as they obviously won’t generate any error. You can deal with these errors using Unit Testing and Assertions. I have an in-depth post about using VBA assertions – see How to Make Your Code BulletProof.

 

The On Error Statement

As we have seen there are two ways to treat runtime errors

  1. Expected errors – write specific code to handle them.
  2. Unexpected errors – use VBA error handling statements to handle them.

 

The VBA On Error statement is used for error handling. This statement performs some action when an error occurs during runtime.

There are four different ways to use this statement

  1. On Error GoTo 0 – the code stops at the line with the error and displays a message.
  2. On Error Resume Next – the code moves to next line. No error message is displayed.
  3. On Error GoTo [label] – the code moves to a specific line or label. No error message is displayed. This is the one we use for error handling.
  4. On Error GoTo -1 – clears the current error.

Let’s look at each of these statements in turn.

On Error GoTo 0

This is the default behavior of VBA. In other words, if you don’t use On Error then this is the behavior you will see.

When an error occurs, VBA stops on the line with the error and displays the error message. The application requires user intervention with the code before it can continue. This could be fixing the error or restarting the application. In this scenario no error handling takes place.

Let’s look at an example. In the following code, we have not used any On Error line so VBA will use the On Error GoTo 0 behavior by default.

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub UsingDefault() Dim x As Long, y AsLong x = 6 y = 6 / 0 x = 7 EndSub

The second assignment line results in a divide by zero error. When we run this code we will get the error message shown in the screenshot below

VBA Error Handling

When the error appears you can choose End or Debug

If you select End then the application simply stops.
If you select Debug the application stops on the error line as the screenshot below shows

VBA Error Handling

This behaviour is fine when you are writing VBA code as it shows you the exact line with the error.

This behavior is unsuitable for an application that you are given to a user. These errors look unprofessional and they make the application look unstable.

An error like this is essentially the application crashing. The user cannot continue on without restarting the application. They may not use it at all until you fix the error for them.

By using On Error GoTo [label] we can give the user a more controlled error message. It also prevents the application stopping. We can get the application to perform in a predefined manner.

 

On Error Resume Next

Using On Error Resume Next tells VBA to ignore the error and continue on.

There are specific occasions when this is useful. Most of the time you should avoid using it.

If we add Resume Next to our example Sub then VBA will ignore the divide by zero error

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub UsingResumeNext() OnErrorResumeNextDim x As Long, y AsLong x = 6 y = 6 / 0 x = 7 EndSub

 

It is not a good idea to do this. If you ignore the error, then the behavior can be unpredictable. The error can affect the application in multiple ways.You could end up with invalid data. The problem is that you aren’t aware that something went wrong because you have suppressed the error.

The code below is an example of where using Resume Next is valid

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub SendMail() On Error ResumeNext' Requires Reference:' Microsoft Outlook 15.0 Object LibraryDim Outlook As Outlook.Application Set Outlook = New Outlook.Application If Outlook Is NothingThen MsgBox "Cannot create Microsoft Outlook session." _ & " The email will not be sent."ExitSubEndIfEndSub

In this code we are checking to see if Microsoft Outlook is available on a computer. All we want to know is if it is available or not. We are not interested in the specific error.

In the code above, we continue on if there is an error. Then in the next line we check the value of the Outlook variable. If there has been an error then the value of this variable will be set to Nothing.

This is an example of when Resume could be useful. The point is that even though we use Resume we are still checking for the error. The vast majority of the time you will not need to use Resume.

 

On Error GoTo [label]

This is how we use Error Handling in VBA. It is the equivalent of the Try and Catch functionality you see in languages such as C# and Java.

When an error occurs you send the error to a specific label. It is normally at the bottom of the sub.

Let’s apply this to the sub we have been using

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub UsingGotoLine() On Error GoTo eh Dim x As Long, y AsLong x = 6 y = 6 / 0 x = 7 Done: ExitSub eh: MsgBox "The following error occurred: " & Err.Description EndSub

The screenshot below shows what happens when an error occurs

VBA Error Handling

VBA jumps to the eh label because we specified this in the On Error Goto line.

Note 1: The label we use in the On…GoTo statement, must be in the current Sub/Function. If not you will get a compilation error.

Note 2: When an error occurs when using On Error GoTo [label], the error handling returns to the default behaviour i.e. The code will stop on the line with the error and display the error message. See the next section for more information about this.

 

On Error GoTo -1

This statement is different than the other three. It is used to clear the current error rather than setting a particular behaviour.

When an error occurs using On Error GoTo [label], the error handling behaviour returns to the default behaviour i.e. “On Error GoTo 0”. That means that if another error occurs the code will stop on the current line.

This behaviour only applies to the current sub. Once we exit the sub, the error will be cleared automatically.

Take a look at the code below. The first error will cause the code to jump to the eh label. The second error will stop on the line with the 1034 error.

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub TwoErrors() On Error Goto eh ' generate "Type mismatch" error Error (13) Done: ExitSub eh: ' generate "Application-defined" error Error (1034) EndSub

 

If we add further error handling it will not work as the error trap has not been cleared.

In the code below we have added the line

On Error Goto eh_other

after we catch the first error.

This has no effect as the error has not been cleared. In other words the code will stop on the line with the error and display the message.

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub TwoErrors() On Error Goto eh ' generate "Type mismatch" error Error (13) Done: ExitSub eh: On Error Goto eh_other ' generate "Application-defined" error Error (1034) ExitSub eh_other: Debug.Print"eh_other " & Err.Description EndSub

To clear the error we use On Error GoTo -1. Think of it like setting a mouse trap. When the trap goes off you need to set it again.

In the code below we add this line and the second error will now cause the code to jump to the eh_other label

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub TwoErrors() On Error Goto eh ' generate "Type mismatch" error Error (13) Done: ExitSub eh: ' clear errorOn Error Goto -1 On Error Goto eh_other ' generate "Application-defined" error Error (1034) ExitSub eh_other: Debug.Print"eh_other " & Err.Description EndSub

Note 1: There are probably rare cases where using On Error GoTo -1 is useful. In most cases using Resume Next is better as it clears the error and resumes the code at the next line after the error occurs.

Note 2: The Err Object has a member Clear. Using Clear clears the text and numbers in the Err object, but it does NOT reset the error.

 

Using On Error

As we have seen, VBA will do one of three things when an error occurs

  • Stop and display the error.
  • Ignore the error and continue on.
  • Jump to a specific line.

VBA will always be set to one of these behaviors. When you use On Error, VBA will change to the behaviour you specify and forget about any previous behavior.

In the following Sub, VBA changes the error behaviour each time we use the On Error statement

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub ErrorStates() Dim x AsLong' Go to eh label if errorOn Error Goto eh ' this will ignore the error on the following lineOn Error ResumeNext x = 1 / 0 ' this will display an error message on the following lineOn Error Goto 0 x = 1 / 0 Done: ExitSub eh: Debug.Print Err.Description EndSub

 

Resume Next

The Resume Next statement is used to clear the error and then resume the code from the line after where the error occurred.

If your code can have multiple errors and you want to keep detecting them then this line is very useful.

For example, in the following code we want to resume the code after the error has been reported:

PrivateSub Main() On Error Goto eh Dim i AsLongFor i = 1 To 3 ' Generate type mismatch error Error 13 Next i done: ExitSub eh: Debug.Print i, Err.Description EndSub

 
We could use On Error Goto -1 to clear the code and then use a goto statement to go back to the code like this:

PrivateSub Main() On Error Goto eh Dim i AsLongFor i = 1 To 3 ' Generate type mismatch error Error 13 continue: Next i done: ExitSub eh: Debug.Print i, Err.Description On Error Goto -1 ' clear the errorGoto continue ' return to the codeEndSub

 
The Resume Next provides a nicer way of doing it and it always means the code is much clearer and easier to understand:

PrivateSub Main() On Error Goto eh Dim i AsLongFor i = 1 To 3 ' Generate type mismatch error Error 13 continue: Next i done: ExitSub eh: Debug.Print i, Err.Description ' clear the error and return to the codeResumeNextEndSub

 

The Err Object

When an error occurs you can view details of the error using the Err object.

When an runtime error occurs, VBA automatically fills the Err object with details.

The code below will print “Error Number: 13 Type Mismatch” which occurs when we try to place a string value in the long integer total

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub UsingErr() On Error Goto eh Dim total AsLong total = "aa" Done: ExitSub eh: Debug.Print"Error number: " & Err.Number _ & " " & Err.Description EndSub

The Err.Description provides details of the error that occurs. This is the text you normally see when an error occurs e.g. “Type Mismatch”

The Err.Number is the ID number of the error e.g. the error number for “Type Mismatch” is 13. The only time you really need this is if you are checking that a specific error occurred and this is only necessary on rare occasions.

The Err.Source property seems like a great idea but it does not work for a VBA error. The source will return the project name, which hardly narrows down where the error occurred. However, if you create an error using Err.Raise you can set the source yourself and this can be very useful.

 

Getting the Line Number

The Erl function is used to return the line number where the error occurs.

It often causes confusion. In the following code, Erl will return zero

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub UsingErr() On Error Goto eh Dim val AsLong val = "aa" Done: ExitSub eh: Debug.Print Erl EndSub

This is because there are no line numbers present. Most people don’t realise it but VBA allows you to have line numbers.

If we change the Sub above to have line number it will now print out 20

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub UsingErr() 10 On Error Goto eh Dim val AsLong 20 val = "aa" Done: 30 ExitSub eh: 40 Debug.Print Erl EndSub

Adding line numbers to your code manually is cumbersome. However there are tools available that will allow you to easily add and remove line numbers to a sub.

When you are finished working on a project and hand it over to the user it can be useful to add line numbers at this point. If you use the error handling strategy in the last section of this post, then VBA will report the line where the error occurred.

 

Using Err.Raise

Err.Raise allows us to create errors. We can use it to create custom errors for our application which is very useful. It is the equivalent of the Throw statement in Java\C#.

The format is as follows

Err.Raise [error number], [error source], [error description]

Let’s look at a simple example. Imagine we want to ensure that a cell has an entry that has a length of 5 characters. We could have a specific message for this

' https://excelmacromastery.com/PublicConst ERROR_INVALID_DATA AsLong = vbObjectError + 513 Sub ReadWorksheet() On Error Goto eh If Len(Sheet1.Range("A1")) <> 5 Then Err.Raise ERROR_INVALID_DATA, "ReadWorksheet" _ , "The value in the cell A1 must have exactly 5 characters."EndIf' continue on if cell has valid dataDim id AsString id = Sheet1.Range("A1") Done: ExitSub eh: ' Err.Raise will send code to here MsgBox "Error found: " & Err.Description EndSub

When we create an error using Err.Raise we need to give it a number. We can use any number from 513 to 65535 for our error. We must use vbObjectError with the number e.g.

Err.Raise vbObjectError + 513

 

Using Err.Clear

Err.Clear is used to clear the text and numbers from the Err.Object. In other words, it clears the description and number.If you want the clear the actual error you can use either On Error GoTo -1 or Resume Next

It is rare that you will need to use Err.Clear but let’s have a look at an example where you might.

In the code below we are counting the number of errors that will occur. To keep it simple we are generating an error for each odd number.

We check the error number each time we go through the loop. If the number does not equal zero then an error has occurred. Once we count the error we need to set the error number back to zero so it is ready to check for the next error.

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub UsingErrClear() Dim count As Long, i AsLong' Continue if error as we will check the error numberOn Error ResumeNextFor i = 0 To 9 ' generate error for every second oneIf i Mod 2 = 0 Then Error (13) ' Check for errorIf Err.Number <> 0 Then count = count + 1 Err.Clear ' Clear Err once it is countedEndIfNextDebug.Print"The number of errors was: " & count EndSub

Note 1:Err.Clear resets the text and numbers in the error object but it does not clear the error – see Resume Next Or On Error GoTo -1 for more information about clearing the actual error.

 

Logging

Logging means writing information from your application when it is running. When an error occurs you can write the details to a text file so you have a record of the error.

The code below shows a very simple logging procedure

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub Logger(sType As String, sSource As String, sDetails As String) Dim sFilename AsString sFilename = "C:\temp\logging.txt"' Archive file at certain sizeIf FileLen(sFilename) > 20000 Then FileCopy sFilename _ , Replace(sFilename, ".txt", Format(Now, "ddmmyyyy hhmmss.txt")) Kill sFilename EndIf' Open the file to writeDim filenumber AsVariant filenumber = FreeFile Open sFilename For Append As #filenumber Print #filenumber, CStr(Now) & "," & sType & "," & sSource _ & "," & sDetails & "," & Application.UserName Close #filenumber EndSub

You can use it like this

' Create unique error number' https://excelmacromastery.com/PublicConst ERROR_DATA_MISSING AsLong = vbObjectError + 514 Sub CreateReport() On Error Goto eh If Sheet1.Range("A1") = ""Then Err.Raise ERROR_DATA_MISSING, "CreateReport", "Data is missing from Cell A1"EndIf' other code here Done: ExitSub eh: Logger "Error", Err.Source, Err.Description EndSub

The log is not only for recording errors. You can record other information as the application runs. When an error occurs you can then check the sequence of events before an error occurred.

 

Below is an example of logging. How you implement logging really depends on the nature of the application and how useful it will be:

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub ReadingData() Logger "Information", "ReadingData()", "Starting to read data."Dim coll AsNew Collection ' add data to the collection coll.Add "Apple" coll.Add "Pear" If coll.Count < 3 Then Logger "Warning", "ReadingData()", "Number of data items is low."EndIf Logger "Information", "ReadingData()", "Number of data items is " & coll.Count Logger "Information", "ReadingData()", "Finished reading data."EndSub

 

Having a lot of information when dealing with an error can be very useful. Often the user may not give you accurate information about the error that occurred. By looking at the log you can get more accurate information about the information.

 

Other Error Related Items

This section covers some of the other Error Handling tools that VBA has. These items are considered obsolete but I have included them as they may exist in legacy code.

 

Error Function

The Error Function is used to print the error description from a given error number. It is included in VBA for backward compatibility and is not needed because you can use the Err.Description instead.

Below are some examples:

' Print the text "Division by zero"Debug.Print Error(11) ' Print the text "Type mismatch"Debug.Print Error(13) ' Print the text "File not found"Debug.Print Error(53)

 

Error Statement

The Error statement allows you to simulate an error. It is included in VBA for backward compatibility. You should use Err.Raise instead.

In the following code we simulate a “Divide by zero” error.

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub SimDivError() On Error Goto eh ' This will create a division by zero error Error 11 ExitSub eh: Debug.Print Err.Number, Err.Description EndSub

This statement is included in VBA for backward compatibility. You should use Err.Raise instead.

 

A Simple Error Handling Strategy

With all the different options you may be confused about how to use error handling in VBA. In this section, I’m going to show you how to implement a simple error handling strategy that you can use in all your applications.

 

The Basic Implementation

This is a simple overview of our strategy

  1. Place the On Error GoTo Label line at the start of our topmost sub.
  2. Place the error handling Label at the end of our topmost sub.
  3. If an expected error occurs then handle it and continue.
  4. If the application cannot continue then use Err.Raise to jump to the error handling label.
  5. If an unexpected error occurs the code will automatically jump to the error handling label.

The following image shows an overview of how this looks

error-handling

 

The following code shows a simple implementation of this strategy:

' https://excelmacromastery.com/PublicConst ERROR_NO_ACCOUNTS AsLong = vbObjectError + 514 Sub BuildReport() On Error Goto eh ' If error in ReadAccounts then jump to error ReadAccounts ' Do something with the code Done: ExitSub eh: ' All errors will jump to here MsgBox Err.Source & ": The following error occured " & Err.Description EndSubSub ReadAccounts() ' EXPECTED ERROR - Can be handled by the code' Application can handle A1 being zeroIf Sheet1.Range("A1") = 0 Then Sheet1.Range("A1") = 1 EndIf' EXPECTED ERROR - cannot be handled by the code' Application cannot continue if no accounts workbookIf Dir("C:\Docs\Account.xlsx") = ""Then Err.Raise ERROR_NO_ACCOUNTS, "UsingErr" _ , "There are no accounts present for this month."EndIf' UNEXPECTED ERROR - cannot be handled by the code' If cell B3 contains text we will get a type mismatch errorDim total AsLong total = Sheet1.Range("B3") ' continue on and read accountsEndSub

This is a nice way of implementing error handling because

  • We don’t need to add error handling code to every sub.
  • If an error occurs then VBA exits the application gracefully.

 

A Complete Error Handling Strategy

The above strategy has one major drawback. It doesn’t provide any information about the error. It is better than having no strategy as it prevents the application crashing. But that is the only real benefit.

VBA doesn’t fill Err.Source with anything useful so we have to do this ourselves.

In this section, I am going to introduce a more complete error strategy. I have written two subs that perform all the heavy lifting so all you have to do is add them to your project.

The purpose of this strategy is to provide you with the Stack* and line number when an error exists.

*The Stack is the list of sub/functions that were currently in use when the error occurred.

This is our strategy

  1. Place error handling in all the subs.
  2. When an error occurs, the error handler adds details to the error and raises it again.
  3. When the error reaches the topmost sub it is displayed.

We are simply “bubbling” the error to the top. The following diagram shows a simple visual of what happens when an error occurs in Sub3

Error Handling - bubbling

The only messy part to this is formatting the strings correctly. I have written two subs that handle this, so it is taken care of for you.

There are the two helper subs, RaiseError and DisplayError. You can download the library below:

 

An Example of using this strategy

Here is a simple coding example that uses these subs. In this strategy, we don’t place any code in the topmost sub. We only call subs from it.

' https://excelmacromastery.com/Sub Topmost() On Error Goto EH Level1 Done: ExitSub EH: DisplayError Err.source, Err.Description, "Module1.Topmost", Erl EndSubSub Level1() On Error Goto EH Level2 Done: ExitSub EH: RaiseError Err.Number, Err.source, "Module1.Level1", Err.Description, Erl EndSubSub Level2() On Error Goto EH ' Error hereDim a AsLong a = "7 / 0" Done: ExitSub EH: RaiseError Err.Number, Err.source, "Module1.Level2", Err.Description, Erl EndSub

 

The result looks like this:

error handling output

 

If your project has line numbers the result will include the line number of the error:

error handling output line

 

Error Handling in a Nutshell

  • Error Handling is used to handle errors that occur when your application is running.
  • You write specific code to handle expected errors. You use the VBA error handling statement On Error GoTo [label] to send VBA to a label when an unexpected error occurs.
  • You can get details of the error from Err.Description.
  • You can create your own error using Err.Raise.
  • Using one On Error statement in the top most sub will catch all errors in subs that are called from here.
  • If you want to record the name of the Sub with the error, you can update the error and rethrow it.
  • You can use a log to record information about the application as it is running.

 

What’s Next?

Free VBA Tutorial If you are new to VBA or you want to sharpen your existing VBA skills then why not try out the The Ultimate VBA Tutorial.

Related Training: Get full access to the Excel VBA training webinars and all the tutorials.

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On Error Statements

You can use the "On Error" statement to specify which type of error handler to use when a run-time error occurs.

OnError { GoTo [ line

On Error statement

  • Article
  • 6 minutes to read

Enables an error-handling routine and specifies the location of the routine within a procedure; can also be used to disable an error-handling routine.

Syntax

On Error GoToline
On Error Resume Next
On Error GoTo 0

The On Error statement syntax can have any of the following forms:

StatementDescription
On Error GoTolineEnables the error-handling routine that starts at line specified in the required lineargument.

The line argument is any line label or line number.

If a run-time error occurs, control branches to line, making the error handler active.

The specified line must be in the same procedure as the On Error statement; otherwise, a compile-time error occurs.
On Error Resume NextSpecifies that when a run-time error occurs, control goes to the statement immediately following the statement where the error occurred and execution continues. Use this form rather than On Error GoTo when accessing objects.
On Error GoTo 0Disables any enabled error handler in the current procedure.

If you don't use an On Error statement, any run-time error that occurs is fatal; that is, an error message is displayed and execution stops.

An "enabled" error handler is one that is turned on by an On Error statement; an "active" error handler is an enabled handler that is in the process of handling an error. If an error occurs while an error handler is active (between the occurrence of the error and a Resume, Exit Sub, Exit Function, or Exit Property statement), the current procedure's error handler can't handle the error. Control returns to the calling procedure.

If the calling procedure has an enabled error handler, it is activated to handle the error. If the calling procedure's error handler is also active, control passes back through previous calling procedures until an enabled, but inactive, error handler is found. If no inactive, enabled error handler is found, the error is fatal at the point at which it actually occurred.

Each time the error handler passes control back to a calling procedure, that procedure becomes the current procedure. After an error is handled by an error handler in any procedure, execution resumes in the current procedure at the point designated by the Resume statement.

Note

An error-handling routine is not a Sub procedure or Function procedure. It's a section of code marked by a line label or line number.

Error-handling routines rely on the value in the Number property of the Err object to determine the cause of the error. The error-handling routine should test or save relevant property values in the Err object before any other error can occur or before a procedure that might cause an error is called. The property values in the Err object reflect only the most recent error. The error message associated with Err.Number is contained in Err.Description.

On Error Resume Next causes execution to continue with the statement immediately following the statement that caused the run-time error, or with the statement immediately following the most recent call out of the procedure containing the On Error Resume Next statement. This statement allows execution to continue despite a run-time error. You can place the error-handling routine where the error would occur, rather than transferring control to another location within the procedure. An On Error Resume Next statement becomes inactive when another procedure is called, so you should execute an On Error Resume Next statement in each called routine if you want inline error handling within that routine.

Note

The On Error Resume Next construct may be preferable to On Error GoTo when handling errors generated during access to other objects. Checking Err after each interaction with an object removes ambiguity about which object was accessed by the code. You can be sure which object placed the error code in Err.Number, as well as which object originally generated the error (the object specified in Err.Source).

On Error GoTo 0 disables error handling in the current procedure. It doesn't specify line 0 as the start of the error-handling code, even if the procedure contains a line numbered 0. Without an On Error GoTo 0 statement, an error handler is automatically disabled when a procedure is exited.

To prevent error-handling code from running when no error has occurred, place an Exit Sub, Exit Function, or Exit Property statement immediately before the error-handling routine, as in the following fragment:

Here, the error-handling code follows the Exit Sub statement and precedes the End Sub statement to separate it from the procedure flow. Error-handling code can be placed anywhere in a procedure.

Untrapped errors in objects are returned to the controlling application when the object is running as an executable file. Within the development environment, untrapped errors are only returned to the controlling application if the proper options are set. See your host application's documentation for a description of which options should be set during debugging, how to set them, and whether the host can create classes.

If you create an object that accesses other objects, you should try to handle errors passed back from them unhandled. If you cannot handle such errors, map the error code in Err.Number to one of your own errors, and then pass them back to the caller of your object. You should specify your error by adding your error code to the vbObjectError constant. For example, if your error code is 1052, assign it as follows:

Note

System errors during calls to Windows dynamic-link libraries (DLL) or Macintosh code resources don't raise exceptions and cannot be trapped with Visual Basic error trapping. When calling DLL functions, you should check each return value for success or failure (according to the API specifications), and in the event of a failure, check the value in the Err object's LastDLLError property. LastDLLError always returns zero on the Macintosh.

Example

This example first uses the On Error GoTo statement to specify the location of an error-handling routine within a procedure. In the example, an attempt to delete an open file generates error number 55. The error is handled in the error-handling routine, and control is then returned to the statement that caused the error. The On Error GoTo 0 statement turns off error trapping.

The On Error Resume Next statement is then used to defer error trapping so that the context for the error generated by the next statement can be known for certain. Note that Err.Clear is used to clear the Err object's properties after the error is handled.

See also

Support and feedback

Have questions or feedback about Office VBA or this documentation? Please see Office VBA support and feedback for guidance about the ways you can receive support and provide feedback.

Example

Good error handling prevents end users from seeing VBA runtime errors and helps the developer easily diagnose and correct errors.

There are three main methods of Error Handling in VBA, two of which should be avoided for distributed programs unless specifically required in the code.

or

Prefer using:


On Error GoTo 0

If no error handling is set in your code, is the default error handler. In this mode, any runtime errors will launch the typical VBA error message, allowing you to either end the code or enter mode, identifying the source. While writing code, this method is the simplest and most useful, but it should always be avoided for code that is distributed to end users, as this method is very unsightly and difficult for end users to understand.


On Error Resume Next

will cause VBA to ignore any errors that are thrown at runtime for all lines following the error call until the error handler has been changed. In very specific instances, this line can be useful, but it should be avoided outside of these cases. For example, when launching a separate program from an Excel Macro, the call can be useful if you are unsure whether or not the program is already open:

Had we not used the call and the Powerpoint application was not already open, the method would throw an error. Thus, was necessary to avoid creating two instances of the application.

Note: It is also a best practice to immediately reset the error handler as soon as you no longer need the call


On Error GoTo <line>

This method of error handling is recommended for all code that is distributed to other users. This allows the programmer to control exactly how VBA handles an error by sending the code to the specified line. The tag can be filled with any string (including numeric strings), and will send the code to the corresponding string that is followed by a colon. Multiple error handling blocks can be used by making different calls of . The subroutine below demonstrates the syntax of an call.

Note: It is essential that the line is placed above the first error handler and before every subsequent error handler to prevent the code from naturally progressing into the block without an error being called. Thus, it is best practice for function and readability to place error handlers at the end of a code block.

If you exit your method with your error handling code, ensure that you clean up:

  • Undo anything that is partially completed
  • Close files
  • Reset screen updating
  • Reset calculation mode
  • Reset events
  • Reset mouse pointer
  • Call unload method on instances of objects, that persist after the
  • Reset status bar





Previous Next

vba on error goto next

This tutorial focuses on the meaning and implementation of, and. These critical components add structure to the VBA statement and any explicit handlers using .

In brief, goes to the next executable line, turns off the currently enabled error handler, and turns off the current exception. Of course, these things need a bit more explanation, otherwise we wouldn’t have written an entire tutorial about them!


Basic Error Handling Overview

For a more thorough exploration of basic error handling techniques, read our article dedicated to the On Error GoTo statement.

Error handling in VBA is disabled by default, so it must be turned on with the statement. If you want to explicitly handle errors, label a section of code and direct the execution flow to that section:

The first line in the snippet turns on (enables) the handler, and if an error occurs in that section, execution flow moves to the part of the code with the label .

To shut off (disable) the active handler, use. Doing so will close off the code block that uses that handler. Alternatively, exit the subroutine usingwhich automatically turns off the handler.

Calling another subroutine does not exit the current subroutine so any active handlers will be stacked in the new subroutine!

Error handling code must be placed before the statement, so in order to avoid it running with the regular code, it should come after an statement.

It’s wise to check inputs for the correct data types, formatting, and common issues like a divisor of zero. This reduces the prevalence of runtime errors before they can even arise.


How to Use

plays a dual role:

  1. as a stand-in for a custom error handler that is marked by a label
  2. to return execution vba on error goto next to the main body of the code after a custom handler completes

We’re going to talk about each of these roles in the next two sections.

Defer Handling

You can defer handling errors by usinglike in this snippet:

If you replace withyou can defer error handling. If an error is raised, execution simply skips that line of code and vba on error goto next to the next one. If the next line raises an error, execution just skips that line, vba on error goto next, too. This definitely has some benefits, and we use it quite a lot on this site, like when checking if a file exists, but you need to be careful when applying it. If used vba on error goto next ignore a specific deficiency you know exists, you could mistakenly skip over an entire section of code without realizing it.

Using to defer handling has its purposes, such as eventually running code that forcibly rectifies the offending variables and objects. But I’d strongly recommend either explicitly handling errors with or avoiding errors by checking inputs with IF statements, where appropriate.

The main problem with the “ignore the errors” method is that users will not notice that the code is broken. It will run as long as deferment is active. However, some expected result will simply be incorrect or not be displayed at all, vba on error goto next. This leads to frustrated users trying to figure out what they did wrong when it was really a runtime problem with your code. Even worse, they may just accept the erroneous output, no matter how outlandish.

to defer errors has its place, but use it wisely. A good habit is to warn others (including your future self) that you’re using it. Clearly state this in the comments at the top module and describe why you’re doing it. This habit at least makes others aware that unnoticed errors may be lurking in the code.

Return Execution to the Main Block

is not, however, without a positive side. The same statement can return control to the main code block after entering a custom handler. This means you don’t have to end a subroutine every time a custom handler is employed.

This code snippet predicts that a divide by zero error may be triggered and fixes it with some user interaction. Once the input is received and the new result calculated, the statement returns execution to the line immediately following the vba on error goto next that triggered the error.

If you’d like to return to the same line that triggered the error, you can simply uselike this:

Using instead of has the added benefit of naturally looping until the user inputs a valid divisor for .

Hidden Role

and actually play a third role when in the error handling block: once executed, vba on error goto next, they reset the current exception tomeaning the active error handler can be used again.

Think of the error handler as a single-use tool, which must be reset before it can be used again. We know that ending and exiting the subroutine resets the handler, vba on error goto next. What this hidden role means is that and also resets vba on error goto next error handler.


Using and

With VBA, only one error handler can vba on error goto next active at a time. This makes sense, as an error will immediately trigger the active handler, and VBA cannot guess between multiple handlers. To VBA, an error is an error is an error. You can distinguish errors using the object and a statement, but that’s for our next tutorial.


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Enable and Disable Handlers

Use to completely turn off error handling in a subroutine. This effectively resets the error handling in that sub to the default, which is no handling at all. You may decide to do this when you only have one handler, like above, which would not make sense with a different type of error. Alternatively, you may want VBA to warn the user so they can relay error codes to you.

Note that you do not need to disable a handler before enabling another. The new one simply takes over. However, for clarity, I like to turn off a handler when its section of code ends. In this code snippet, it’s very clear which handlers go with which parts of the code.

Clearing Exceptions

A particular error instance is called an exception. In the following code, there is one type of error but two exceptions, because each instance of the error throws an exception:

When the first error is raised, vba on error goto next, VBA directs flow immediately to the active error handler.

The single error handler rule applies even in the error code! Once an error has been raised, the error handler is completely “full”. In order to handle another error, the handler must be emptied first. Normally this is done by exiting the handler with or. However, there is another method, which uses .

Let’s return to our divide by zero handler. You could try some calculations in the handler:

But what happens if the user inputs zero again? The full error handler cannot take another exception and leads to a fatal error, killing the program.

You can reset the handler - that is, remove the current exception - by using :

However, there is a flaw here! The clears the current exception, and the statement sets off an infinite loop. Execution does NOT return to the original code section.

Since using can be extremely confusing, I’d recommend not using it at all. If you are adamant aboutuse it as a last resort and finish the error handling code with .


Now you can use and or effectively. Unless absolutely necessary, I’d recommend steering clear ofas it can greatly complicate the logic of your program. I’d also recommend judiciously employing deferment, because it can mean segments of your code just don’t do anything at all.

Ready to vba on error goto next more with VBA?
We put together a giant PDF with over 300 pre-built macros and we want you to have it for free. Enter your email address below and we'll bauknecht dishwasher f2 error you a copy along with our VBA Developer Kit, loaded with VBA tips, tricks and shortcuts.


VBA Cheat Sheets

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This article was written by Cory Sarver, a contributing writer for The VBA Tutorials Blog. Visit him on LinkedIn and his personal page.
Statutes (non-binding English translation) - Satzung (binding German version) ResumeNext }

There are 3 choice:
1) On Error GoTo 0 - this interrupts your code with a dialog box. This is the default when no error handler is specified.
2) On Error Resume Next - this ignores all run-time errors. This is not recommended.
3) On Error GoTo LineLabel - this lets you provide a custom error handler.


On Error GoTo 0

This is the default error handler which interrupts execution and displays a dialog box.

OnErrorGoTo 0

Disables enabled error handler in the current procedure and resets it to Nothing. more


On Error Resume Next

OnErrorResumeNext

This statement allows execution to continue when a run-time error occurs. more


On Error GoTo LineLabel

OnErrorGoTo LineLabel
LineLabel:

Execution jumps to the line label when an error occurs. more


On Error GoTo -1

Clears the error handling allowing you to define another error trap. more


Resume Statement

Allows you to resume execution after a run-time error occurs. more


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VBA On Error Resume Next

VBA On Error Resume Next

Excel VBA On Error Resume Next

Error Handling is a very useful & significant mechanism for programming languages like VBA Error control or prevention which is an aspect of Error handling which means taking effective & significant measures inside a VBA script to avoid the occurrence of error pop up message. The Excel VBA On Error Resume Next statement ignores the code line that causes an error and continues or routes execution to the next line following the line that caused the error.

NOTE: On Error Resume Next statement doesn’t fix the runtime errors, it’s an error ignoring where VB program execution vba on error goto next continue from the line which has caused the runtime error.

Basically, On error resume next is used when you want to ignore the error & continue or resume the code execution to the next cell.

Types of Errors in VBA

Below are the different types of Errors in VBA:

  1. Syntax Error or Parsing error.
  2. Compile Or Compilation Error.
  3. Runtime Error.
  4. Logical Error.

The above errors can be rectified with the help of debugging & ‘On Error’ Statements in a code. The Runtime Error can be prevented with the help of On Error Resume Next.

VBA Runtime Error:

Before the explanation of On Error Resume Next, you should be aware of runtime error when impossible mathematical statements or terms present in a statement, then this runtime error occurs.

Examples of Excel VBA On Error Resume Next

Below are the different examples of On Error Resume Next in Excel VBA:

VBA On Error Resume Next – Example #1

Here, an error will be ignored, and the execution of code will move on. In the below-mentioned example, 6 can’t be divided by zero, if you run it without entering On Error Resume Next statement, then below mentioned runtime error occurs.

Code:

Sub RUNTIME_1() MsgBox 6 / 0 End Sub

VBA On Error Resume Next Example 1

If On Error Resume Next in entered at the top of code after SUB statement, it ignores runtime error and moves on to next statement, results in an output of 6/2 (Popup message box with result of it).

Code:

Sub RUNTIME_2() On Error Resume Next MsgBox 6 / 0 MsgBox 6 / 2 End Sub

VBA Error Handling

VBA On Error Resume Next – Example #2

I can use On Error Resume Next anywhere in the code from the beginning to the end, vba on error goto next. In the below-mentioned example, I have to make a 3 calculation i.e.

9/3 =?

9/0 =?

9/2 =?

In the above-mentioned example, you can observe vba on error goto next second calculation where any number can’t be divided by zero, i.e. 9 can’t be divided by zero in the second step. Suppose if you run the macro without entering On Error Resume Next statement, now I can execute the code step vba on error goto next step with the help of step into or F8 key to understand how it works.

VBA On Error Resume Next Example 1-3

Now, I run the above code, by clicking on step Into option or F8 key frequently, step by step. I just copy the above code and start running it step by step, for the first step of calculation message box 3 appears.

Code:

Sub RUNTIME_3() MsgBox 9 / 3 MsgBox 9 / 0 MsgBox 9 / 2 End Sub

VBA On Error Resume Next Example 1-4

When I run the second line of code, then below mentioned runtime error occurs at the second step of a code, where any number can’t be divided by zero, i.e, vba on error goto next. 9 can’t be divided by zero in the second step.

Code:

Sub RUNTIME_3() MsgBox 9 / 3 MsgBox 9 / 0 MsgBox 9 / 2 End Sub

VBA On Error Resume Next Example 1-5

Now, if I even click on debug, it can’t proceed further, where it will take me to the second line of code (It gets highlighted in yellow color), vba on error goto next, where I need to do the correction. So, vba on error goto next, here, if further click on Step Into option or F8 key, the third calculation in this code will not get executed.

VBA On Error Resume Next Example 1-9

To rectify or handle this runtime error, I have to use or execute the OnError Resume Next statement above a second code or at the beginning of code below the substatement. so that it will skip that line of code and moves on to the third step of code and calculate the value.

Code:

Sub RUNTIME_30() MsgBox 9 / 3 On Error Resume Next MsgBox 9 / 0 MsgBox 9 / 2 End Sub

OR

Sub RUNTIME_31() On Error Resume Next MsgBox 9 / 3 MsgBox 9 / 0 MsgBox 9 / 2 End Sub

Now, I have added on error resume next statement to the code, where you can use any one of above code, if you run it step by step, you will get a two-message popup, one is the output first code and third code calculation. On Error Resume Next will ignore the runtime error in the second code and move on to the third code.

Message Popup Example 1-6Message Popup Example 1-6-1

VBA On Error Resume Next – Example #2

We will now see the Combination of On Error Resume Next with Error GoTo 0. In the below code, it will emul cant start driver - error 1275 errors until it reaches On Error GoTo 0 statement. After On Error GoTo 0 statement, the code goes back or proceed to normal error checking and triggers the expected error ahead.

Code:

Sub onError_Go_to_0_with_Resume_next() On Error Resume Next Kill "C:TempFile.exe" On Error GoTo 0 Range("A1").Value = 100 / "PETER" End Sub

When I run the above code, rotterdam terror corps silence before the storm will showcase the division error i.e. Type mismatch (numeric value can’t be divided by text).

Division Error Example

Now, you can save your workbook as an “Excel macro-enabled workbook”. By clicking on save as at the left corner of the worksheet.

Worksheet Example1-8

when you open this excel file again, you can use below-mentioned shortcut key i.e.

Function + Alt + F11 short cut key helps you out to access all the created macro code of the workbook. Function + Alt + F8 short cut key helps you out to open a “Macro” dialog box window, which contains all the macro names, where you can run a specific macro code of your choice.

Things to Remember

  • Run time error will be silently trapped and stored in the global Err object
  • On Error Resume Next usually prevent an interruption in code execution.
  • Error object properties (Err Object) get cleared automatically when Resume Next is used in an error-handling routine

Recommended Articles

This is a guide to VBA On Error Resume Next. Here we discuss different types of Error in VBA Excel along with some practical examples and downloadable excel template. You can also go through our other suggested articles –

  1. VBA Macros
  2. VBA DateDiff
  3. VBA Protect Sheet
  4. VBA Environ

Related Videos

Tratamento de Erros no VBA (On Error GoTo)

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