Rake db test prepare error

rake db test prepare error

Rails 6, adds rails db:prepare to get rid of running all the above tasks individually. rails db:prepare first calls the migrate to run the. The rake db:test:load recreates the test database from the current db/sprers.eu On subsequent attempts, it is a good idea to first run db:test:prepare, as it. I'm able to reproduce this error locally, but I have found that running rake db:test:prepare creates the database successfully. rake db test prepare error

Rake db test prepare error - share your

sess

What is a State Machine? rake db:test:prepare problem

c:\treebook>ruby -Itest test/unit/user_friendship_sprers.eu Run options:

sprers.eu.

Finished tests in s, tests/s, assertions/s.

1) Error: test: UserFriendship should have a pending state. (UserFriendshipTest): NoMethodError: undefined method block in <class:UserFriendshipTest>' C:/RailsInstaller/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems//gems/shoulda-context/lib/shoulda/context/c sprers.eu block in create_test_from_should_hash'

2) Error: test: UserFriendship should send an acceptance email. (UserFriendshipTest): NoMethodError: undefined method block (2 levels) in <class:UserFriendshipTest>' C:/RailsInstaller/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems//gems/activesupport/lib/active_support/tes ting/sprers.eu block in <class:UserFriendshipTest>' C:/RailsInstaller/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems//gems/shoulda-context/lib/shoulda/context/c sprers.eu block in create_test_from_should_hash'

3) Error: test: UserFriendship should send an email. (UserFriendshipTest): NoMethodError: undefined method block (2 levels) in <class:UserFriendshipTest>' C:/RailsInstaller/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems//gems/activesupport/lib/active_support/tes ting/sprers.eu block in <class:UserFriendshipTest>' C:/RailsInstaller/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems//gems/shoulda-context/lib/shoulda/context/c sprers.eu block in create_test_from_should_hash'

4) Error: test: UserFriendship should set the state to accepted. (UserFriendshipTest): NoMethodError: undefined method block in <class:UserFriendshipTest>' C:/RailsInstaller/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems//gems/shoulda-context/lib/shoulda/context/c sprers.eu block in create_test_from_should_hash'

8 tests, 4 assertions, 0 failures, 4 errors, 0 skips

c:\treebook>

I can't get these tests to pass. I am sure that has to do with the test db but i can't find the problem. When i run rake db:test:prepare it seems i don't get any errors but when i run bin/rake db:test:prepare i get the following error.

c:\treebook>bin/rake db:test:prepare 'bin' is not recognized as an internal or external command, operable program or batch file. (the bin folder exists in the treebook folder with all the files in it.)

user_friendship_sprers.eu file. sprers.eu

user_sprers.eu file. sprers.eu

Any ideas? Thanks in advance.

c:\treebook>

Rake Dbtestprepare Does Not Create Table View



I have two tables with the almost same structure in my project, one of them was used to calculate user statistics and the another was never being used for that. Now I need to calculate statistics using both of them.


I did that using MySQL Views, everything went fine except for my tests. Seems that Database Cleaner strategy does not save the data on the database and my view never was filled.


I moved the strategy from to and the data started to be persisted. But I still with on problem, I continue can't read the data from the view.



And when I execute it:



After a lot of research I found out that the was creating the view as a normal table and not as a view, since it use the to generate the test database schema. Now I need to discover how to generate the view in the test instead of a normal table.


Any thoughts?


UPDATE:


Still not creating the views into schema even using:




assert_select element, "li", 4 end end assert_select "ol" do assert_select "li", 8 end

The assertion is quite powerful. For more advanced usage, refer to its documentation.

Additional View-Based Assertions

There are more assertions that are primarily used in testing views:

Assertion Purpose
Allows you to make assertions on the body of an e-mail.
Allows you to make assertions on encoded HTML. It does this by un-encoding the contents of each element and then calling the block with all the un-encoded elements.
or Returns an array of all the elements selected by the selector. In the second variant it first matches the base element and tries to match the selector expression on any of its children. If there are no matches both variants return an empty array.

Here&#;s an example of using :

assert_select_email do assert_select 'small', 'Please click the "Unsubscribe" link if you want to opt-out.' end

5 Integration Testing

Integration tests are used to test the interaction among any number of controllers. They are generally used to test important work flows within your application.

Unlike Unit and Functional tests, integration tests have to be explicitly created under the &#;test/integration&#; folder within your application. Rails provides a generator to create an integration test skeleton for you.

$ rails generate integration_test user_flows exists test/integration/ create test/integration/user_flows_sprers.eu

Here&#;s what a freshly-generated integration test looks like:

require 'test_helper' class UserFlowsTest < ActionDispatch::IntegrationTest fixtures :all # Replace this with your real tests. test "the truth" do assert true end end

Integration tests inherit from . This makes available some additional helpers to use in your integration tests. Also you need to explicitly include the fixtures to be made available to the test.

Helpers Available for Integration Tests

In addition to the standard testing helpers, there are some additional helpers available to integration tests:

Helper Purpose
Returns if the session is mimicking a secure HTTPS request.
Allows you to mimic a secure HTTPS request.
Allows you to set the host name to use in the next request.
Returns if the last request was a redirect.
Follows a single redirect response.
Allows you to make an HTTP request and follow any subsequent redirects.
Allows you to make an HTTPPOST request and follow any subsequent redirects.
Allows you to make an HTTPGET request and follow any subsequent redirects.
Allows you to make an HTTPPUT request and follow any subsequent redirects.
Allows you to make an HTTPDELETE request and follow any subsequent redirects.
Opens a new session instance.

Integration Testing Examples

A simple integration test that exercises multiple controllers:

require 'test_helper' class UserFlowsTest < ActionDispatch::IntegrationTest fixtures :users test "login and browse site" do # login via https https! get "/login" assert_response :success post_via_redirect "/login", :username => users(:avs).username, :password => users(:avs).password assert_equal '/welcome', path assert_equal 'Welcome avs!', flash[:notice] https!(false) get "/posts/all" assert_response :success assert assigns(:products) end end

As you can see the integration test involves multiple controllers and exercises the entire stack from database to dispatcher. In addition you can have multiple session instances open simultaneously in a test and extend those instances with assertion methods to create a very powerful testing DSL (domain-specific language) just for your application.

Here&#;s an example of multiple sessions and custom DSL in an integration test

require 'test_helper' class UserFlowsTest < ActionDispatch::IntegrationTest fixtures :users test "login and browse site" do # User avs logs in avs = login(:avs) # User guest logs in guest = login(:guest) # Both are now available in different sessions assert_equal 'Welcome avs!', sprers.eu[:notice] assert_equal 'Welcome guest!', sprers.eu[:notice] # User avs can browse site sprers.eus_site # User guest can browse site as well sprers.eus_site # Continue with other assertions end private module CustomDsl def browses_site get "/products/all" assert_response :success assert assigns(:products) end end def login(user) open_session do

Preparing your test database: mind the differences

Instead of running all missing migrations on your test database with you can also use a handful of rake tasks to prepare the database structure directly. They can produce different results, though.

In a nutshell, to ensure your test database gains the correct structure:

  • Don't use carelessly
  • or use ← preferred :)
  • or use and don't mix it with other ways, like some of the rake tasks.

rake db:test:prepare

Be default, this loads you into the test database. You may need to run a before to get an updated -- else you might load an outdated database structure.

Since the does not hold any SQL specific information, like charsets or collations, your test database may differ from your development database in such aspects (because they will be defined by the database defaults when tables are created without further information).

To avoid this problem, your needs to say:

Copy

This will make a appear which is then also read and loaded when you do a .

rake db:test:clone

You don't need to dump your database schema explicitly when calling this rake task (it generates the for you) -- but you may run into problems. The task's description reads:

Copy

This is exactly what happens. Even if your defines a different (like above) it will not be used but instead the test database's structure is read from the file.

Using will then again result in a different structure if you have any tables or columns whose charset or collation differ from the database default.

rake db:test:clone_structure

Using this command will save you the above hassle. Though it is pretty cumbersome to type, it's doing what you want:

Copy

That will make your test database have the same structure, including charsets and collations, like your development database.

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Question remarkable: Rake db test prepare error

Rake db test prepare error
Rake db test prepare error
ERROR E13 EN CANON MP190
ORACLE SELECT UPDATE NOWAIT ERROR

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Adding a deprecation warning on Rails - Open Source Thursdays

What is a State Machine? rake hollywood tower of terror problem

c:\treebook>ruby -Itest test/unit/user_friendship_sprers.eu Run options:

sprers.eu.

Finished tests in s, tests/s, assertions/s.

1) Error: test: UserFriendship should have a pending state. (UserFriendshipTest): NoMethodError: undefined method block in <class:UserFriendshipTest>' C:/RailsInstaller/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems//gems/shoulda-context/lib/shoulda/context/c sprers.eu block in create_test_from_should_hash'

2) Error: test: UserFriendship should send an acceptance email. (UserFriendshipTest): NoMethodError: undefined method block (2 levels) in <class:UserFriendshipTest>' C:/RailsInstaller/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems//gems/activesupport/lib/active_support/tes ting/sprers.eu block in <class:UserFriendshipTest>' C:/RailsInstaller/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems//gems/shoulda-context/lib/shoulda/context/c sprers.eu block in create_test_from_should_hash'

3) Error: test: UserFriendship should send an email. (UserFriendshipTest): NoMethodError: undefined method block (2 levels) in <class:UserFriendshipTest>' C:/RailsInstaller/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems//gems/activesupport/lib/active_support/tes ting/sprers.eu block in <class:UserFriendshipTest>' C:/RailsInstaller/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems//gems/shoulda-context/lib/shoulda/context/c sprers.eu block in rake db test prepare error Error: test: UserFriendship should set the state to accepted. (UserFriendshipTest): NoMethodError: undefined method block in <class:UserFriendshipTest>' C:/RailsInstaller/Ruby/lib/ruby/gems//gems/shoulda-context/lib/shoulda/context/c sprers.eu block in create_test_from_should_hash'

8 tests, 4 assertions, 0 failures, 4 errors, 0 skips

c:\treebook>

I can't get these tests to pass. I am sure that has to do with the test db but i can't find the rake db test prepare error. When i run rake db:test:prepare it seems i don't get any errors but when i run bin/rake db:test:prepare i get the following error.

c:\treebook>bin/rake db:test:prepare 'bin' is not recognized as an internal or external command, operable program or batch file. (the bin folder exists in the treebook folder with all the files in it.)

user_friendship_sprers.eu file. sprers.eu

user_sprers.eu file. sprers.eu

Any ideas? Thanks in advance.

c:\treebook>

1 Why Write Tests for your Rails Applications?

  • Rails makes it super easy to write your tests. It starts by producing skeleton test code in the background while you are creating your models and controllers.
  • By simply running your Rails tests you can ensure your code adheres to the desired functionality even after some major code refactoring.
  • Rails tests can also simulate browser requests and thus you can test your application&#;s response without having to test it through your browser.

2 Introduction to Testing

Testing support was woven into the Rails fabric from the beginning. It wasn&#;t an &#;oh! let&#;s bolt on support for running tests because they&#;re new and cool&#; epiphany. Just about every Rails application interacts heavily with a database &#; and, as a result, your tests will need a database to interact with as well. To write efficient tests, you&#;ll need to understand how to set up this database and populate it with sample data.

The Three Environments

Every Rails application you build has 3 sides: a side for production, a side for development, rake db test prepare error, and a side for testing.

One place you&#;ll find this distinction is in the file. This YAML configuration file has 3 different sections defining 3 unique database setups:

  • production
  • development
  • test

This allows you to set up and interact with test data without any danger of your tests altering data from your production environment.

For example, suppose you need to test your new function. Wouldn&#;t you want to run this in an environment where it makes no difference if you destroy data or not?

When you do end up destroying your testing database (and it will happen, trust me), you can rebuild it from scratch according to the oki fatal error 142 defined in the development database. You can do this by running .

Rails Sets up for Testing from the Word Go

Rails creates a folder for you as soon as you create a Rails project using application_name. If you list the contents of this folder then you shall see:

$ ls -F test/ fixtures/ functional/ integration/ test_sprers.eu unit/

The folder is meant to hold tests for your models, the folder is meant to hold tests for your controllers, and the folder is meant to hold tests that involve any number of controllers interacting. Fixtures are a way of organizing test data; they reside in the folder. The file holds the default configuration for your tests.

The Low-Down on Fixtures

For good tests, you&#;ll need to give some thought to setting up test data. In Rails, you can handle this by defining and customizing fixtures.

What are Fixtures?

Fixtures is a fancy word for sample data. Fixtures allow you to populate your testing database with predefined data before your tests run. Fixtures are database independent and assume a single format: YAML.

You&#;ll find fixtures under your directory, rake db test prepare error. When you run to create a new model, fixture stubs will be automatically created and placed in this directory.

YAML

YAML-formatted fixtures are a very human-friendly way to describe your sample data. These types of fixtures have the .yml file extension (as in ).

Here&#;s a sample YAML fixture file:

# lo & behold! I am a YAML comment! david: name: David Heinemeier Hansson birthday: profession: Systems development steve: name: Steve Ross Kellock birthday: profession: guy with keyboard

Each fixture is given a name followed by an indented list of colon-separated key/value pairs. Records are separated rake db test prepare error a blank space. You can place comments in a fixture file by using the # character in the first column.

ERB&#;in It Up

ERB allows you to embed ruby code within templates. YAML fixture format is pre-processed with ERB when you load fixtures. This allows you to use Ruby to help you generate some sample data.

<% earth_size rake db test prepare error 20 %> mercury: size: <%= earth_size / 50 %> brightest_on: <%= sprers.eu_s(:db) %> venus: size: <%= earth_size / 2 %> brightest_on: <%= sprers.eu_s(:db) %> mars: size: <%= earth_size - 69 %> brightest_on: <%= sprers.eu_sprers.eu_s(:db) %>

Anything encased within the

tag is considered Ruby code. When this fixture is loaded, the attribute of the three records will be set to 20/50, 20/2, and respectively. The attribute will also be evaluated and formatted by Rails to be compatible with the database.

Fixtures in Action

Rails by default automatically loads all fixtures from the folder for your unit and functional test. Loading involves three steps:

  • Remove any existing data from the table corresponding to the fixture
  • Load the fixture data into the table
  • Dump the fixture data into a variable in case you want to access it directly
Hashes with Special Powers

Fixtures are basically Hash objects. As mentioned in point #3 above, you can access the hash object directly because it is automatically setup as a local variable of the test case. For example:

# this will return the Hash for the fixture named david users(:david) # this will return the property for david called id users(:david).id

Fixtures can also transform themselves into the form of the original class. Thus, you can get at the methods only available to that class.

# using the find method, we grab the "real" david as a User david = users(:david).find # and now we 530 user cannot log in ftp error access to methods only available to a User class email(sprers.eu, sprers.euon_tonight)

3 Unit Testing your Models

In Rails, unit tests are what you write to test your models.

For this guide we will be using Rails scaffolding. It will create the model, a migration, controller and views for the new resource in a single operation. It will also create a full test suite following Rails best practices. I will be using examples from this generated code and will be supplementing it with additional examples where necessary.

For more information on Rails scaffolding, refer to Getting Started with Rails

When you usefor a resource among other things it creates a test stub in the folder:

$ rails generate scaffold post title:string body:text create app/models/sprers.eu create test/unit/post_sprers.eu create test/fixtures/sprers.eu

The default test stub in looks like this:

require 'test_helper' class PostTest < ActiveSupport::TestCase # Replace this with your real tests. test "the truth" do assert true end end

A line by line 500 internal server error nginx/1.0.15 of this file will help get you oriented to Rake db test prepare error testing code and terminology.

require 'test_helper'

As you know by now, specifies the default configuration to run our tests, rake db test prepare error. This is included with all the tests, so any methods added to this file are available to all your tests.

class PostTest < ActiveSupport::TestCase

The class defines a test case because it inherits from. thus has all the methods available from. You&#;ll see those methods a little later in this guide.

Any method defined within a test case that begins with (case sensitive) is simply called a test. So,and all are legal test names and are run automatically when the test case is run.

Rails adds a method that takes a test name and a block. It generates a normal test with method names prefixed withrake db test prepare error. So,

test "the truth" do assert true end

acts as if you had written

def test_the_truth assert true end

only the macro allows a more readable test name. You can still use regular method definitions though.

The method name is generated by replacing spaces with underscores. The result does not need to be a valid Ruby identifier though, the name may contain punctuation characters etc. That&#;s because rake db test prepare error Ruby technically any string may be a method name. Odd ones need and calls, but formally there&#;s no restriction.

This line of code is called an assertion. An assertion is a line of code that evaluates an object (or expression) for expected results. For example, an assertion can check:

  • does this value = that value?
  • is this object nil?
  • does this line of code throw an exception?
  • is the user&#;s password greater than 5 characters?

Every test contains one or more assertions, rake db test prepare error. Only when all the assertions are successful will the test pass.

Preparing your Application for Testing

Before you can run your tests, you need to ensure that the test database structure is current, rake db test prepare error. For this you can use the following rake commands:

$ rake db:migrate $ rake db:test:load

The above runs any pending migrations on the development environment and updates. The recreates the test database from the current. On subsequent attempts, it is a good idea to first runas it first checks for pending migrations and warns you appropriately.

will fail with an error if doesn&#;t exist.

Rake Tasks for Preparing your Application for Testing
Tasks Description
Recreate the test database from the current environment&#;s database schema
Recreate the test database from the development structure
Recreate the test database from the current
Check for pending migrations and load the test schema
Empty the test database.

You can see all these rake tasks and their descriptions by running

Running Tests

Running a test is as simple as invoking the file containing the test cases through Ruby:

$ ruby -Itest test/unit/post_sprers.eu Loaded suite unit/post_test Started. Finished in seconds. 1 tests, 1 assertions, 0 failures, 0 errors

This will run all the test methods from the test case. Note that is in the directory, hence this directory needs to be added to the load path using the switch.

You can also rake db test prepare error a particular test canon mp210 error code 16 from the test case by using the switch with the .

$ ruby -Itest test/unit/post_sprers.eu -n test_the_truth Loaded suite unit/post_test Started. Finished in seconds. 1 tests, 1 assertions, 0 failures, rake db test prepare error, 0 errors

The (dot) above indicates a passing test. When a test fails you see an ; when a test throws an error you see an in its place. The last line of the output is the summary.

To see how a test failure is reported, you can add a failing test to the test case.

test "should not save post without title" do post = sprers.eu assert !sprers.eu end

Let us run this newly added test.

$ ruby unit/post_sprers.eu -n test_should_not_save_post_without_title Loaded suite -e Started F Finished in seconds. 1) Failure: test_should_not_save_post_without_title(PostTest) [/test/unit/post_sprers.eu:6]: <false> is not true. 1 tests, 1 assertions, 1 failures, 0 errors

In the output, denotes a failure. You can see the corresponding trace shown under along with the name of the failing test. The next few lines contain the stack trace followed by a message which mentions the actual value and the expected value by the assertion. The default assertion messages provide just enough information to help pinpoint the error. To make the assertion failure message more readable, every assertion provides an optional message parameter, as shown here:

test "should not save post without title" do post = sprers.eu assert !sprers.eu, "Saved the post without a title" end

Running this test shows the friendlier assertion message:

1) Failure: test_should_not_save_post_without_title(PostTest) [/test/unit/post_sprers.eu:6]: Saved rake db test prepare error post without a title. <false> is not true, rake db test prepare error.

Now to get this test to pass we can add a model level validation for the title field.

class Post < ActiveRecord::Base validates :title, :presence => true end

Now the test should pass. Let us verify by running the test again:

$ ruby unit/post_sprers.eu -n test_should_not_save_post_without_title Loaded suite unit/post_test Started. Finished in seconds. 1 tests, 1 assertions, 0 failures, 0 errors

Now, if you noticed, we first wrote a test which fails for a desired rake db test prepare error, then we wrote some code which adds the functionality and finally we ensured that our test passes, rake db test prepare error. This approach to software development is referred to as Test-Driven Development (TDD).

Many Rails developers practice Test-Driven Development (TDD). This is an excellent way to build up a test suite that exercises every part of your application. TDD is beyond the scope of this guide, but one place to start is with 15 TDD steps to create a Rails application.

To see how an error gets reported, here&#;s a test containing an error:

test "should report error" do # some_undefined_variable is not defined elsewhere in the test case some_undefined_variable assert true end

Now you can see even more output in the console rake db test prepare error running the tests:

$ ruby unit/post_sprers.eu -n test_should_report_error Loaded suite -e Started E Finished in seconds. 1) Error: rake db test prepare error NameError: undefined local variable or method `some_undefined_variable' for #<PostTest:0xd> /test/unit/post_sprers.eu `test_should_report_error' 1 tests, 0 assertions, 0 failures, 1 errors

Notice the &#;E&#; in the output. It denotes a test with error.

The execution of each test method stops as soon as any error or an error c2666 pow failure is encountered, and the test suite continues with the next method. All test methods are executed in alphabetical order.

What to Include in Your Unit Tests

Ideally, you would like to include a test for everything which could possibly break. It&#;s a good practice to have at least one test for each of your validations and at least one test for every method in your model.

Assertions Available

By now you&#;ve caught a glimpse of some of the assertions that are available. Assertions are the worker bees of testing. They are the ones that actually perform the checks to ensure that things are going as planned.

There are a bunch of different types of assertions you can use. Here&#;s the complete list of assertions that ship withthe default testing library used by Rails. The parameter is an optional string message you can specify to make your test failure messages clearer. It&#;s not required.

Assertion Purpose
Ensures that the object/expression is true.
Ensures that is true.
Ensures that is false.
Ensures that is true.
Ensures that is false.
Ensures that is true.
Ensures that is false.
Ensures that a string matches the regular expression.
Ensures that a string doesn&#;t match the regular expression.
Ensures that the numbers and are within of each other.
Ensures that the given block throws the symbol.
Ensures that the given block raises one of the given exceptions.
Ensures that the given block doesn&#;t raise one of the given exceptions.
Ensures that is of the type.
Ensures that is or descends from .
Ensures that has a method called .
Ensures that is true.
Ensures that executing the method listed in on the object in with the parameters of is true. This one is weird eh?
Ensures failure. This is useful to explicitly mark a test that isn&#;t finished yet.

Because of the modular nature of the testing framework, rake db test prepare error, it is possible to create your own assertions. In fact, that&#;s exactly what Rails does. It includes some specialized assertions to make your life easier.

Creating your own assertions is an advanced topic that we won&#;t cover in this tutorial.

Rails Specific Assertions

Rails adds some custom assertions of its own to the framework:

has been deprecated. Please use instead.

Assertion Purpose
Ensures that the passed record is valid by Active Record standards and returns any error messages if it is not.
Test numeric difference between the return value of an expression as a result of what is evaluated in the yielded block.
Asserts that the numeric result of evaluating an expression is not changed before and after invoking the passed in block.
Asserts that the routing of the given path was handled correctly and that the parsed options (given in the expected_options hash) match path. Basically, it asserts that Rails recognizes the route given by expected_options.
Asserts that the provided options can be used to generate the provided path. This is the inverse of assert_recognizes. The extras parameter is used to tell the request the names and values of additional request parameters that would be in a query string. The message parameter allows you to specify a custom error message for assertion failures.
Asserts that the response comes with a specific status code. You can specify to indicateto indicateto indicateor to match the range
Assert that the redirection options passed in match those of phoenix winphlash 64 error codes redirect called in the latest action. This match can be partial, such that will also match the redirection of and so on.
Asserts that the request was rendered with the appropriate template file.

You&#;ll see the usage of some of these assertions in the next chapter.

4 Functional Tests for Your Controllers

In Rails, testing the various actions of a single controller is called writing functional tests for that controller. Controllers handle the incoming web requests to your application and eventually respond with a rendered view.

What to Include in your Functional Tests

You should test for things such as:

  • was the web request successful?
  • was the user redirected to the right page?
  • was the user successfully authenticated?
  • was the correct object stored in the response template?
  • was the appropriate message displayed to the user in the view?

Now that we have used Rails scaffold generator for our resource, it has already created the controller code and functional tests. You can take look at the file in the directory.

Let me take you through one such test, rake db test prepare error, from the file .

test "should get index" do get :index assert_response :success assert_not_nil assigns(:posts) end

In the test, Rails simulates a request on the action calledmaking sure the request was successful and also ensuring that agnitum pro mysql error 2003 assigns a valid instance variable.

The method kicks off the web request and populates the results into the response. It accepts 4 arguments:

  • The action of the controller you are requesting. This can be in the form of a string or a symbol.
  • An optional hash of request parameters to pass into the action (eg. query string parameters or post variables).
  • An optional hash of session variables to pass along with the request.
  • An optional hash of flash values.

Example: Calling the action, passing an of 12 as the and setting a of 5 in the session:

get(:show, {'id' => "12"}, {'user_id' => 5})

Another example: Calling the action, passing an of 12 as thethis time with no session, but with a flash message.

get(:view, {'id' => '12'}, nil, {'message' => 'booya!'})

If you try running test from it will fail on account of the newly added model level validation and rightly so.

Let us modify test in so that all our test pass:

test "should create post" do assert_difference('sprers.eu') do post :create, :post => { :title => 'Some title'} end assert_redirected_to post_path(assigns(:post)) end

Now you can try running all the tests and they should pass.

Available Request Types for Functional Tests

If you&#;re familiar with the HTTP protocol, you&#;ll know that is a type of request. There are 5 request types supported in Rails functional tests:

All of request types are methods that you can use, however, you&#;ll probably end up using the first two more often than the others.

Functional tests do not verify whether the specified request type should be accepted by the action. Request types in this context exist to make your tests more descriptive.

The Four Hashes of the Apocalypse

After a request has been made by using one of the 5 methods (,etc.) and processed, you will have 4 Hash objects ready for use:

  • &#; Any objects that are stored as instance variables in actions for use in views.
  • &#; Any cookies that are set.
  • &#; Any objects living in the flash.
  • &#; Any object living in session variables.

As is the case with normal Hash objects, you can access the values by referencing the keys by string. You can also reference them by symbol name, except for. For example:

flash["gordon"] flash[:gordon] session["shmession"] session[:shmession] cookies["are_good_for_u"] cookies[:are_good_for_u] # Because you can't use assigns[:something] for historical reasons: assigns["something"] assigns(:something)

Instance Variables Available

You also have access to three instance variables in your functional tests:

  • &#; The controller processing the request
  • &#; The request
  • &#; The response

A Fuller Functional Test Example

Here&#;s another example that uses, and :

test "should create post" do assert_difference('sprers.eu') do post :create, :post => { :title => 'Hi', :body => 'This is my first post.'} end assert_redirected_to post_path(assigns(:post)) assert_equal 'Post was successfully created.', flash[:notice] end

Testing Views

Testing the response to your request by asserting the presence of key HTML elements and their content is a useful way to test the views of your application. The assertion allows you to do this by using a simple yet powerful syntax.

You may find references to in other documentation, but this is now deprecated in favor of .

There are two forms of :

ensures that the equality condition is met on the selected elements through the selector. The selector may be a CSS selector expression (String), an expression with substitution values, or an object.

ensures that canon 5b00 error code equality condition is met on all the selected elements through the selector starting from the element (instance of ) and its descendants.

For example, you could verify the contents on the title element in your response with:

assert_select 'title', "Welcome to Rails Testing Guide"

You can also use nested blocks. In this case the inner runs the assertion on the complete collection of elements selected by the outer block:

assert_select 'sprers.eution' do assert_select 'sprers.eu_item' end

Alternatively the collection of elements selected by the outer may be iterated through so that may be called separately for each element. Suppose for example that the response contains two ordered lists, each with four list elements then the following tests will both pass.

assert_select "ol" do element elements

1 Why Write Odbc on error perl for your Rails Applications?

  • Rails makes it super easy to write your tests. It starts by producing skeleton test code in background while you are creating your models and controllers.
  • By simply running your Rails tests you can ensure your code adheres to the desired functionality even after some major code refactoring.
  • Rails tests can also simulate browser requests and thus you can test your application&#;s response without having to test it through your browser.

2 Introduction to Testing

Testing support was woven into the Rails fabric from the beginning. It wasn&#;t an &#;oh! let&#;s bolt on support for running tests because they&#;re new and cool&#; epiphany. Just about every Rails application interacts heavily with a database &#; and, as a result, your tests will need a database to interact with as well. To write efficient tests, you&#;ll need to understand how to set up this database and populate it with sample data.

The Three Environments

Every Rails application you build has 3 sides: a side for production, a side for development, and a side for testing.

One place you&#;ll find this distinction is in the file. This YAML configuration file has 3 different sections defining 3 unique database setups:

  • production
  • development
  • test

This allows you to set up and interact with test data without any danger of your tests altering data from your production environment.

For example, suppose you need to test your new function. Wouldn&#;t you want to run this in an environment where it makes no difference if you destroy data or not?

When you do end up destroying your testing database (and it will happen, trust me), you can rebuild it from scratch according to the specs defined in the development database. You can do this by running .

Rails Sets up for Testing from the Word Go

Rails creates a folder for you as soon as you create a Rails project using. If you list the contents of this folder then you shall see:

The folder is meant to hold tests for your models, the folder is meant to hold tests for your controllers, and the folder is meant to hold tests that involve any number of controllers interacting. Fixtures are a way of organizing test data; they reside in the folder. The file holds the default configuration for your tests.

The Low-Down on Fixtures

For good tests, you&#;ll need to give some thought to setting up test data. In Rails, you can handle this by defining and customizing fixtures.

What are Fixtures?

Fixtures is a fancy word for sample data. Fixtures allow you to populate your testing database with predefined data before your tests run. Fixtures are database independent canon super g3 system error e225 assume one of two formats: YAML or CSV. In this guide we will use YAML which is the preferred format.

You&#;ll find fixtures under your directory. When you run to create a new model, fixture stubs will be automatically created and placed in this directory.

YAML

YAML-formatted fixtures are a very human-friendly way to describe your sample data. These types of fixtures have the .yml file extension (as in ).

Here&#;s a sample YAML fixture file:

Each fixture is given a name followed by an indented list of colon-separated key/value pairs. Records are separated by a blank space. You can place comments in a fixture file by using the # character in the first column.

ERb&#;in It Up

ERb allows you embed ruby code within templates. Both the YAML and CSV fixture formats are pre-processed with ERb when you load fixtures. This allows you to use Ruby to help you generate some sample data.

Anything encased within the

tag is considered Ruby code. When this fixture is loaded, the attribute of the three records will be set to 20/50, 20/2, and respectively. The attribute will also be evaluated and formatted by Rails to be compatible with the database.

Fixtures in Action

Rails by default automatically loads all fixtures from the &#;test/fixtures&#; folder for your unit and functional test. Loading involves three steps:

  • Remove any existing data from the table corresponding to the fixture
  • Load the fixture data into the table
  • Dump the fixture data into a variable in case you want to access it directly
Hashes with Special Powers

Fixtures are basically Hash objects. As mentioned in point #3 above, you can access the hash object directly because it is automatically setup as a local variable of the test case. For example:

Fixtures can also transform themselves into the form of the original class. Thus, you can get at the methods only available to that class.

3 Unit Testing your Models

In Rails, unit tests are what you write to test your models.

For this guide we will be using Rails scaffolding. It will create the model, a migration, controller and views for the new aplication navione.exe encountered a serious error in a rake db test prepare error operation. It will also create a full test suite following Rails best practices. I will be using examples from this generated code and would be supplementing it with additional examples where necessary.

For more information on Rails scaffolding, refer to Getting Started with Rails

When you usefor cifs-vfs errors code resource among other things it creates a test stub in the folder:

$ script/generate scaffold post title:string body:text create app/models/sprers.eu create test/unit/post_sprers.eu create test/fixtures/sprers.eu

The default test stub in looks like this:

A line by line examination of this file will help get you oriented to Rails testing code and terminology.

As you know by now that specifies the default configuration to run our tests. This is included with all the tests, so any methods added to this file are available to all your tests.

The class defines a test case because it inherits from. thus has all the methods available from. You&#;ll see those methods a little later in this guide.

Any method defined within a test case that begins with (case sensitive) is simply called a test. So,and all are legal test names and are run automatically when the test case is run.

This line of code is called an assertion. An assertion is a line of code that evaluates an object (or expression) for expected results. For example, an assertion can check:

  • is this value = that value?
  • is this object nil?
  • does this line of code throw an exception?
  • is the user&#;s password greater than 5 characters?

Every test contains one or more assertions. Only when all the assertions are successful the test passes.

Preparing your Application for Testing

Before you can run your tests you need to ensure that the test database structure is current. For this you can use the following rake commands:

Above runs any pending migrations on the developemnt environment and updates. recreates the test database from the current db/sprers.eu On subsequent attempts it is a good to first run as it first checks for pending migrations and warns you appropriately.

will fail unknown error scgi error reading response headers an error if db/sprers.eu doesn&#;t exists.

Rake Tasks for Preparing your Application for Testing
Tasks Description
Recreate the test database from the current environment&#;s database schema
Recreate the test databases from the development structure
Recreate the test database from the current
Check for pending migrations and load the test schema
Empty the test database.

You can see all these rake tasks and their descriptions by running

Running Tests

Running a test is as simple as invoking the file containing the test cases through Ruby:

This will run all the test methods from the test case.

You can also error creating bitmap vray a particular test method from the test case by using the switch with the .

$ ruby unit/post_sprers.eu -n test_truth Loaded suite unit/post_test Started. Finished in seconds. 1 tests, 1 assertions, 0 failures, 0 errors

The (dot) above indicates a passing test. When a test fails you see an ; when a test throws an error you see an in its place, rake db test prepare error. The last line of the output is the summary.

To see how a test failure is reported, you can add a failing test to the test case.

Let us run this newly added test.

$ ruby unit/post_sprers.eu -n test_should_not_save_post_without_title Loaded suite unit/post_test Started F Finished in seconds. 1) Failure: test_should_not_save_post_without_title(PostTest) [unit/post_sprers.eu `test_should_not_save_post_without_title' /opt/local/lib/ruby/gems//gems/activesupport/lib/active_support/testing/setup_and_sprers.eu `__send__' /opt/local/lib/ruby/gems//gems/activesupport/lib/active_support/testing/setup_and_sprers.eu `run']: <false> is not true. 1 tests, 1 assertions, 1 failures, 0 errors

In the output, tcl error no script following a failure, rake db test prepare error. You can see the corresponding trace shown under along with the name of the failing test. The next few lines contain the stack trace followed by a message which mentions the actual value and the expected value by the assertion. The default assertion messages rake db test prepare error just enough information to help pinpoint the error. To make the assertion failure message more readable every assertion provides an optional message parameter, rake db test prepare error, as shown here:

Running this test shows the friendlier assertion message:

$ ruby unit/post_sprers.eu -n test_should_not_save_post_without_title Loaded suite unit/post_test Started F Finished in seconds. 1) Failure: test_should_not_save_post_without_title(PostTest) [unit/post_sprers.eu `test_should_not_save_post_without_title' /opt/local/lib/ruby/gems//gems/activesupport/lib/active_support/testing/setup_and_sprers.eu `__send__' /opt/local/lib/ruby/gems//gems/activesupport/lib/active_support/testing/setup_and_sprers.eu `run']: Saved the post without a title. <false> is not true. 1 tests, 1 assertions, 1 failures, 0 errors

Now to get this test to pass we can add a model level validation for the title field.

Now the test should pass. Let fatal error lnk1104 cannot open file rxapi.lib verify by running the test again:

$ ruby unit/post_sprers.eu -n test_should_not_save_post_without_title Loaded suite unit/post_test Started. Finished in seconds, rake db test prepare error. 1 tests, 1 assertions, 0 failures, 0 errors

Now if you noticed we first wrote a test which fails for a desired functionality, then rake db test prepare error wrote some code which adds the functionality and finally we ensured that our test passes. This approach to software development is referred to as Test-Driven Development (TDD).

Many Rails developers practice Test-Driven Development (TDD), rake db test prepare error. This is an excellent way to build up a test suite that exercises every part of your application. TDD is beyond the scope of this guide, but one place to start is with 15 TDD steps to create a Rails application.

To see how an error gets reported, here&#;s a test containing an error:

Now you can see even more output in the console from running the tests:

$ ruby unit/post_sprers.eu -n test_should_report_error Loaded suite unit/post_test Started E Finished in seconds. 1) Error: test_should_report_error(PostTest): NameError: undefined local variable or method `some_undefined_variable' for #<PostTest:0x2cc9de8> /opt/local/lib/ruby/gems//gems/actionpack/lib/action_controller/test_sprers.eu `method_missing' unit/post_sprers.eu `test_should_report_error' /opt/local/lib/ruby/gems//gems/activesupport/lib/active_support/testing/setup_and_sprers.eu `__send__' /opt/local/lib/ruby/gems//gems/activesupport/lib/active_support/testing/setup_and_sprers.eu `run' 1 tests, 0 assertions, 0 failures, 1 errors

Notice the &#;E&#; in the output. It denotes a test with error.

The execution of each test method stops as soon as any error or a assertion failure is encountered, and the test suite continues rake db test prepare error the next method. All test methods are executed in alphabetical order.

What to Include in Your Unit Tests

Ideally you would like to include a test for everything which could possibly break. It&#;s a good practice to have at least one test for each of your validations and at least one test for every method in your model.

Assertions Available

By now you&#;ve caught a glimpse of some of the assertions that are available, rake db test prepare error. Assertions are the worker bees of testing. They are the ones that actually perform the checks to ensure that things are going as planned.

There are a bunch of different types of assertions you can use. Here&#;s the complete list of assertions that ship withthe testing library used by Rails. The parameter is an optional string message you can specify to make your test failure messages clearer. It&#;s not required.

Assertion Purpose
Ensures that the object/expression is true.
Ensures that is true.
Ensures that is false.
Ensures that is true.
Ensures that is false.
Ensures that is true.
Ensures that is false.
Ensures that a string matches the regular expression.
Ensures that a string doesn&#;t matches the regular expression.
Ensures that the numbers and are within of each other.
Ensures that the given block throws the symbol.
Ensures that the given block raises one of the given exceptions.
Ensures that the given block doesn&#;t raise one of the given exceptions.
Ensures that is of the type.
Ensures that is or descends from .
Ensures that has a method called rake db test prepare error that is true.
Ensures that executing the method listed in on the object in with the parameters of is true. This one is weird eh?
Ensures failure. This is useful to explicitly mark a test that isn&#;t finished yet.

Because of the modular nature of the testing framework, it is possible to create your own assertions. In fact, that&#;s exactly what Rails does. It includes some specialized assertions to make your life easier.

Creating your own assertions is an advanced topic that we won&#;t cover in this tutorial.

Rails Specific Assertions

Rails adds some custom assertions of its own to the framework:

Assertion Purpose
Ensures that the passed record is valid by Active Record standards and returns any error messages if it is not.
Test numeric difference between the return value of an expression as a result of what is evaluated in the yielded block.
Asserts that the numeric result of evaluating an expression is not changed before and after invoking the passed in block.
Asserts that the routing of the given path was handled correctly and that the parsed options (given in the expected_options hash) match path. Basically, it asserts that Rails recognizes the route given by expected_options.
Asserts that the provided options can be used to generate the provided path. This is the inverse of assert_recognizes. The extras parameter is used to tell the request the names and values of additional request parameters that would be in a query string, rake db test prepare error. The message parameter allows you to specify canon pc 1130 memory card error custom error message for assertion failures.
Asserts that the response comes with a specific status code. You can specify to indicateto indicateto indicateor to match the range
Assert that the redirection options passed in match those of the redirect called in the latest action. This match can be partial, such that will also match the c atoi error checking of and so on.
Asserts that the request was rendered with the appropriate template file.

You&#;ll see the usage of some of these assertions in the next chapter.

4 Functional Tests for Your Controllers

In Rails, testing the various actions of a single controller is called writing functional tests for that controller. Controllers handle the incoming web requests to your application and eventually respond with a rendered view.

What to Include in your Functional Tests

You should test for things such as:

  • was the web request successful?
  • was the user redirected to the right page?
  • was the user successfully authenticated?
  • was the correct object stored in the response template?
  • was the appropriate message displayed to the user in the view

Now that we have used Rails scaffold generator for our resource, it has already created the controller code and functional tests. You can take look at the file in the directory.

Let me take you through one such test, from the file .

In the test, Rails simulates a request on the action called index, rake db test prepare error, making sure the request was successful and also ensuring that it assigns a valid instance variable.

The method kicks off the web request and populates the results into the response. It accepts 4 arguments:

  • The action of the controller you are requesting. This can be in the form of a string or a symbol.
  • An optional hash of request parameters to pass into the action (eg, rake db test prepare error. query string parameters or post variables).
  • An optional hash of session variables to pass along with the request.
  • An optional hash of flash values.

Example: Calling the action, passing an of 12 as the and setting a of 5 in the session:

Another example: Calling the action, passing an of 12 as thethis time with no session, but with a flash message.

If you try running test from it will fail on account of the newly added model level validation and rightly so.

Let us modify test in so that all our test pass:

Now you can try running all the tests and they should pass.

Available Request Types for Functional Tests

If you&#;re familiar with the HTTP protocol, you&#;ll know that is a type of request. There are 5 request types supported in Rails functional tests:

All of request types are methods that you can use, however, you&#;ll probably end up using the first two more often than the others.

The Four Hashes of the Apocalypse

After a request has been made by using one of the 5 methods (,etc.) and processed, you will have 4 Hash objects ready for use:

  • &#; Any objects that are stored as instance variables in actions for use in views.
  • &#; Any cookies that are set.
  • &#; Any objects living in the flash.
  • &#; Any object living in session variables.

As is the case with normal Hash objects, you can access the values by referencing the keys by string. You can also reference them by symbol name, except for. For example:

Instance Variables Available

You also have access to three instance variables in your functional tests:

  • &#; The controller processing the request
  • &#; The request
  • &#; The response

A Fuller Functional Test Example

Here&#;s another example that uses, and :

Testing Views

Testing the response to your request by asserting the presence of key HTML elements and their content is a useful way to test the views of your application. The assertion allows you to do rake db test prepare error by using a simple yet powerful syntax.

You may find references to in other documentation, but this is now deprecated in favor of .

There are two forms of :

ensures that the equality condition is met on the selected elements through the selector. The selector may be a CSSselector expression (String), an expression with substitution values, or an object. ensures that the equality condition is met on all the selected elements through the selector starting from the element(instance of ) and its descendants.

For example, you could verify the contents on the title element in your response with:

You can also use nested blocks. In this case the inner runs the assertion on the complete collection of elements selected latency test error + speedtest the outer block:

Alternatively the collection of elements selected by the outer may be iterated through so that may be called separately for each element. Suppose for example that the response contains two ordered lists, each with four list elements then the following tests will both pass.

The assertion is quite powerful. For more advanced usage, refer to its documentation.

10.0001 supply error View-Based Assertions

There are more assertions that are primarily used in testing views:

Assertion Purpose
Allows you to make assertions on the body of an e-mail.
Allows you to make assertions on RJS response. has variants which allow you to narrow down on the updated element or even a particular operation on an element.
Allows you to make assertions on encoded HTML. It does this by un-encoding the contents of each element and then calling the block with all the un-encoded elements.
or Returns an array of all the elements selected by the selector. In the second variant it first matches the base element and tries to match the selector expression on any of its children. If there are no matches both variants return an empty array.

Here&#;s an example of using :

5 Integration Testing

Integration tests are used to test the interaction among any number of controllers. They are generally used to test important work flows within your application.

Unlike Unit and Functional tests, integration tests have to be explicitly created under the &#;test/integration&#; folder within your application, rake db test prepare error. Rails provides a generator to create an integration test skeleton for you.

Here&#;s what a freshly-generated integration test looks like:

Integration tests inherit from. This makes available some additional helpers to use in your integration tests. Also you need to explicitly include the fixtures to be made available to the test.

Helpers Available for Integration Tests

In addition to the standard testing helpers, there are some additional helpers available to integration tests:

Helper Purpose
Returns if the session is mimicking a secure HTTPS request.
Allows you to mimic a secure HTTPS request.
Allows you to set the host name to use in the next request.
Returns if the last request was a redirect.
Follows a single redirect response.
Allows you to make an HTTP request and follow any subsequent redirects.
Allows you to make an HTTPPOST request and follow any subsequent redirects.
Allows you to make an HTTPGET request and follow any subsequent redirects.
Allows you to make an HTTPPUT request and follow any subsequent redirects.
Allows you to make an HTTPDELETE request and follow any subsequent redirects.
Opens a new session instance.

Integration Testing Examples

A simple integration test that exercises multiple controllers:

As you can see the integration test involves multiple controllers and exercises the entire stack from database to dispatcher. In addition you can have multiple session instances rake db test prepare error simultaneously in a test and extend those instances with assertion methods to create a very powerful testing DSL (domain-specific language) just for your application.

Here&#;s an example of multiple sessions and custom DSL in an integration test

6 Rake Tasks for Running your Tests

You don&#;t need to set up and run your tests by hand on a test-by-test basis. Rails comes with a number of rake tasks to help in testing. The table below lists all rake tasks that come along in the default Rakefile when you initiate a Rail project.

Tasks Description
Runs all unit, functional and integration tests. You can also simply run as the test target is the default.
Runs all the unit tests from
Runs all the functional tests from
Runs all the integration tests from
Tests recent changes
Runs all the tests which are uncommitted. Only supports Subversion
Run all the plugin tests from (or specify with )

7 Brief Note About

Ruby ships with a boat load of libraries. One little gem of a library isa framework for unit testing in Ruby. All the basic assertions discussed above are actually defined in. The class which we have been using in our unit and functional tests extends that it is how we can use all the basic assertions in our tests.

For more information onrefer to test/unit Documentation

8 Setup and Teardown

If you would like to run a block of code before the start of each test and another block of code after the end of each test you have two special callbacks for your rescue. Rake db test prepare error take note of this by looking at an example for our functional test in controller:

Above, the method is called before each test and so is available for each of the tests. Rails implements and as ActiveSupport::Callbacks. Which essentially means you need not only use and as methods in your tests. You could specify them by using:

  • a block
  • a method (like in the earlier example)
  • a method name as a symbol
  • a lambda

Let&#;s see the earlier example by specifying callback by specifying a method name as a symbol:

9 Testing Routes

Like everything else in you Rails application, it&#;s recommended to test you routes. An example test for a route in the default action of controller above should look like:

10 Testing Your Mailers

Testing mailer classes requires some specific tools to do a thorough job.

Keeping the Postman in Check

Your classes &#; like every other part of your Rails application &#; should be tested to ensure that it is working as expected.

The goals of testing your classes are to ensure that:

  • emails are being processed (created and sent)
  • the email content is correct (subject, sender, body, etc)
  • the right emails are being sent at the right times

There are two aspects of testing your mailer, the unit tests and the functional tests. In the unit tests, you run the mailer in isolation with tightly controlled inputs and compare the output to a knownvalue (a fixture &#; yay! more fixtures!). In the functional tests you don&#;t so much test the minute details produced by the mailer Smtp error 501 syntax helo hostname we test that our controllers and models are using the mailer in the right way. You test to prove that the right email was sent at the right time.

Unit Testing

In order to test that your mailer is working as expected, you can use unit tests to compare the actual results of the mailer with pre-written examples of what should be produced.

Revenge of the Fixtures

For the purposes of unit testing a mailer, fixtures are used to provide an example of how the output should look. Because these are example emails, and not Active Record data like the other fixtures, they are kept in their own subdirectory apart from the other fixtures. The name of the directory within directly corresponds to the name of the mailer. So, for a mailer namedthe fixtures should reside in directory.

When you generated your mailer, the generator creates stub fixtures for each of the mailers actions. If you didn&#;t use the generator you&#;ll have to make those files yourself.

The Basic Test Case

Here&#;s a unit test to test a mailer named whose action is used to send an invitation to a friend. It is an adapted version of the base test created by the generator for an action.

In this test, is an instance of that you can use in your tests. It is defined in. The test above uses to construct an email, which it then asserts with email created by the custom mailer. The fixture is the body of the email and is used as the sample content to assert against. The helper is used to read in the content from this file.

Here&#;s the content of the fixture:

Hi [email protected], You have been invited. Asus cpu fan error press f1 resume

This is the right time to understand a little more about writing tests for your mailers. The line in sets the delivery method to test mode so that email will not actually be delivered (useful to avoid spamming your users while testing) but instead it will be appended to an array ().

However rake db test prepare error in unit tests, mails will not actually be sent, simply constructed, as in the example above, where the precise content of the email is checked against what it should be.

Functional Testing

Functional testing for rake db test prepare error involves more than just checking that the email body, recipients and so forth are correct. In functional mail tests you call the mail deliver methods and check that the appropriate emails have been appended to the delivery list, rake db test prepare error. It is fairly safe to assume that the deliver methods themselves do their job You are probably more interested in is whether your own business logic is sending emails when you expect them to got out. For example, you can check that the invite friend operation is sending an email appropriately:

11 Other Testing Approaches

The built-in based testing is not the only way to test Rails applications. Rails developers have come up with a wide variety of other approaches and aids for testing, including:

  • NullDB, a way to speed up testing by avoiding database use.
  • Factory Girl, as replacement for fixtures.
  • Machinist, another replacement for fixtures.
  • Shoulda, an extension to with additional helpers, macros, and assertions.
  • RSpec, a behavior-driven development framework

12 Changelog

Lighthouse ticket

  • November 13, Revised based on feedback from Pratik Naik by Akshay Surve (not yet approved for publication)
  • October 14, Edit and formatting pass by Mike Gunderloy (not yet approved for publication)
  • October 12, First draft by Akshay Surve (not yet approved for publication)

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