Jmb36x raid configurer error loading bitmap

jmb36x raid configurer error loading bitmap

sata_mv (Supermicro OAC-SAT2-MV8 controller) does not load on dapper, 2100S in RAID-1 https://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/37639 You received this bug. Run: [JMB36X IDE Setup] => C:\Windows\RaidTool\xInsIDE.exe [43632 Problem:: Windows cannot load the device driver for this hardware. C:\Windows\System32\fsquirt.exe O4 - GS\Desktop: 767-300 FSX Configuration Manager.lnk. .Flight One Software - Pas de description.).

Jmb36x raid configurer error loading bitmap - are mistaken

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[ (1) - condition evaluation utility a2p(1) - Awk to Perl translator a64l(3) - "convert between a long integer and a base-64 ASCII string" aac(4) - Adaptec AdvancedRAID Controller driver ab(8) - Apache HTTP server benchmarking tool abort(3) - cause abnormal program termination abs(3) - functions for integer absolute value ac(8) - display connect time accounting ac97(4) - generic AC97 codec driver acardide(4) - acard IDE disk controllers driver accept(2) - accept a connection on a socket accept_filt_add(9) - filter incoming connections accept_filt_del(9) - filter incoming connections accept_filter(9) - filter incoming connections accept_filt_generic_mod_event(9) - filter incoming connections accept_filt_get(9) - filter incoming connections access(2) - check access permissions of a file or pathname access(5) - Postfix SMTP server access table accf_data(9) - buffer incoming connections until data arrives accf_http(9) - "buffer incoming connections until a certain complete HTTP requests arrive" acct(2) - enable or disable process accounting acct(5) - execution accounting file accton(8) - enable/disable system accounting aceride(4) - PCI IDE disk controllers driver acos(3) - arc cosine function acosf(3) - arc cosine function acosh(3) - inverse hyperbolic cosine function acoshf(3) - inverse hyperbolic cosine function acphy(4) - "Driver for Altima AC101, AC101L and AMD Am79c874 10/100 Ethernet PHYs" acpi(4) - Advanced Configuration and Power Interface acpiacad(4) - ACPI AC Adapter acpibat(4) - ACPI Battery acpibut(4) - ACPI Button acpicpu(4) - ACPI CPU acpidalb(4) - Direct Application Launch Buttons acpidump(8) - dump ACPI tables and ASL acpiec(4) - ACPI Embedded Controller acpiecdt(4) - ACPI Embedded Controller acpifan(4) - ACPI Fan acpilid(4) - ACPI Lid Switch acpiout(4) - ACPI Display Adapter and Output Devices acpipmtr(4) - ACPI Power Meter acpismbus(4) - ACPI SMBus Control Method Interface acpitz(4) - ACPI Thermal Zone acpivga(4) - ACPI Display Adapter and Output Devices acpiwdrt(4) - ACPI Watchdog Timer acpiwmi(4) - Windows Management Instrumentation support for ACPI adb(4) - Apple Desktop Bus driver adbbt(4) - support for ADB hotkey devices found in some Apple laptops adbkbd(4) - support for ADB keyboards adbms(4) - support for ADB mice, trackballs, and touchpads adc(4) - SuperH on-chip analog/digital converter addch(3) - curses add characters to windows routines addchnstr(3) - curses add character strings to windows routines addchstr(3) - curses add character strings to windows routines addftinfo(1) - add information to troff font files for use with groff addnstr(3) - curses add character strings to windows routines addr2line(1) - convert addresses into file names and line numbers. addr(3) - Internet address manipulation routines addstr(3) - curses add character strings to windows routines adduser(8) - add a user to the system adjtime(2) - "correct the time to allow synchronization of the system clock" adm1027(4) - dbCool(tm) family of environmental monitors and fan controllers adm1030(4) - dbCool(tm) family of environmental monitors and fan controllers admtemp(4) - Analog Devices ADM1021 temperature sensor adt7463(4) - dbCool(tm) family of environmental monitors and fan controllers adt7466(4) - dbCool(tm) family of environmental monitors and fan controllers adt7467(4) - dbCool(tm) family of environmental monitors and fan controllers adt7468(4) - dbCool(tm) family of environmental monitors and fan controllers adt7473(4) - dbCool(tm) family of environmental monitors and fan controllers adt7475(4) - dbCool(tm) family of environmental monitors and fan controllers adt7476(4) - dbCool(tm) family of environmental monitors and fan controllers adv(4) - ConnectCom Solutions AdvanSys SCSI adapter driver adventure(6) - an exploration game adw(4) - ConnectCom Solutions AdvanSys PCI Ultra Wide SCSI host adapter driver affinity(3) - affinity of threads afterboot(8) - things to check after the first complete boot after(n) - Execute a command after a time delay age(4) - Attansic L1 10/100/Gigabit Ethernet device agp(4) - accelerated graphics port driver agr(4) - link aggregation pseudo network interface driver agrep(1) - print lines approximately matching a pattern aha(4) - Adaptec 154x SCSI adapter driver ahb(4) - Adaptec 1742 SCSI adapter driver ahc(4) - Adaptec VL/EISA/PCI/CardBus SCSI host adapter driver ahcisata(4) - AHCI 1.0 and 1.1 compliant SATA controllers driver ahd(4) - Adaptec PCI/PCI-X Ultra320 SCSI host adapter driver ai(4) - ATT StarLAN Ethernet interface driver aiboost(4) - ASUSTeK AI Booster voltage, temperature, and fan sensor aibs(4) - ASUSTeK AI Booster voltage, temperature, and fan sensor aic(4) - Adaptec AIC-6260 and AIC-6360 SCSI driver aio(3) - asynchronous I/O(REALTIME)aio_cancel(3) - cancel an outstanding asynchronous I/O operation(REALTIME)aio_error(3) - retrieve error status of asynchronous I/O operation(REALTIME)aio_fsync(3) - asynchronous data synchronization of file(REALTIME)aio_read(3) - asynchronous read from a file(REALTIME)aio_return(3) - retrieve return status of asynchronous I/O operation(REALTIME)aio_suspend(3) - suspend until asynchronous I/O operations or timeout complete(REALTIME)aio_write(3) - asynchronous write to a file(REALTIME)akbd(4) - Apple Desktop Bus keyboard driver for wscons alarm(3) - set signal timer alarm alc(4) - Atheros AR813x/AR815x Ethernet device ale(4) - Atheros AR8121/AR8113/AR8114 10/100/Gigabit Ethernet device alias(1) - a shell (command interpreter) with C-like syntax aliases(5) - Postfix local alias database format __aligned(3) - non-standard GCC attribute extensions __alignof__(3) - GNU extension for alignment of an object alipm(4) - Acer Labs M7101 SMBus controller alloca(3) - memory allocator allocaddrinfo(3) - host and service name to socket address structure allocbuf(9) - buffer cache interfaces alphasort(3) - scan a directory alpine(1) - an Alternatively Licensed Program for Internet News and Email altmem(4) - Alternative memory disk driver altq(4) - alternate queuing framework altq(9) - kernel interfaces for manipulating output queues on network interfaces altq.conf(5) - ALTQ configuration file altqd(8) - ALTQ daemon altqstat(1) - show altq status amd(8) - automatically mount file systems amd.conf(5) - Amd configuration file amdpm(4) - AMD768 Power Management Controller and AMD8111 System Management Controller amdtemp(4) - AMD CPU on-die digital thermal sensor amhphy(4) - Driver for the AMD 79c901 10BASE-T PHY amldb(8) - executing and debugging AML interpreter (with DSDT files) amq(8) - automounter query tool amr(4) - AMI MegaRAID PCI-SCSI RAID driver amrctl(8) - Control utility for AMI MegaRaid controllers ams(4) - Apple Desktop Bus mouse driver for wscons an(4) - Aironet 4500/4800 and Cisco 340/350 series wireless network driver analog(1) - web server logfile analyser anvil(8) - Postfix session count and request rate control a.out(5) - format of executable binary files apachectl(8) - Apache HTTP Server Control Interface apm(8) - Advanced Power Management control program apmd(8) - Advanced Power Management monitor daemon apmlabel(8) - update disk label from Apple Partition Map append(n) - Append to variable apply(1) - apply a command to a set of arguments aprint_debug(9) - kernel formatted output conversion aprint_debug_dev(9) - kernel formatted output conversion aprint_debug_ifnet(9) - kernel formatted output conversion aprint_error(9) - kernel formatted output conversion aprint_error_dev(9) - kernel formatted output conversion aprint_error_ifnet(9) - kernel formatted output conversion aprint_get_error_count(9) - kernel formatted output conversion aprint_naive(9) - kernel formatted output conversion aprint_naive_dev(9) - kernel formatted output conversion aprint_naive_ifnet(9) - kernel formatted output conversion aprint_normal(9) - kernel formatted output conversion aprint_normal_dev(9) - kernel formatted output conversion aprint_normal_ifnet(9) - kernel formatted output conversion aprint_verbose(9) - kernel formatted output conversion aprint_verbose_dev(9) - kernel formatted output conversion aprint_verbose_ifnet(9) - kernel formatted output conversion apropos(1) - search the complete content of all man pages aps(4) - ThinkPad Active Protection System accelerometer apxs(8) - APache eXtenSion tool ar(1) - create, modify, and extract from archives ar(5) - a.out archive(library) file format arc4randbytes(9) - cryptographic pseudo-random number generators arc4random(3) - arc4 random number generator arc4random(9) - cryptographic pseudo-random number generators archive(3) - functions for reading and writing streaming archives archive_clear_error(3) - libarchive utility functions archive_compression(3) - libarchive utility functions archive_compression_name(3) - libarchive utility functions archive_copy_error(3) - libarchive utility functions archive_entry(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_acl_add_entry(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_acl_add_entry_w(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_acl_clear(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_acl_count(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_acl_next(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_acl_next_w(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_acl_reset(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_acl_text_w(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_atime(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_atime_nsec(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_clear(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_clone(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_copy_fflags_text(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_copy_fflags_text_w(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_copy_gname(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_copy_gname_w(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_copy_hardlink(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_copy_hardlink_w(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_copy_link(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_copy_link_w(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_copy_pathname_w(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_copy_sourcepath(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_copy_stat(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_copy_symlink(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_copy_symlink_w(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_copy_uname(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_copy_uname_w(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_dev(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_devmajor(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_devminor(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_fflags(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_fflags_text(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_filetype(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_free(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_gid(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_gname(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_hardlink(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_ino(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_mode(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_mtime(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_mtime_nsec(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_new(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_nlink(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_pathname(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_pathname_w(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_rdev(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_rdevmajor(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_rdevminor(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_atime(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_ctime(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_dev(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_devmajor(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_devminor(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_fflags(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_filetype(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_gid(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_gname(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_hardlink(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_link(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_mode(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_mtime(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_pathname(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_rdevmajor(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_rdevminor(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_size(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_symlink(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_uid(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_set_uname(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_size(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_sourcepath(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_stat(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_symlink(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_uid(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_entry_uname(3) - functions for manipulating archive entry descriptions archive_errno(3) - libarchive utility functions archive_error_string(3) - libarchive utility functions archive_file_count(3) - libarchive utility functions archive_format(3) - libarchive utility functions archive_format_name(3) - libarchive utility functions archive_read(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_close(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_data(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_data_block(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_data_into_buffer(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_data_into_fd(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_data_skip(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_disk(3) - functions for reading objects from disk archive_read_disk_gname(3) - functions for reading objects from disk archive_read_disk_new(3) - functions for reading objects from disk archive_read_disk_set_entry_from_file(3) - functions for reading objects from disk archive_read_disk_set_gname_lookup(3) - functions for reading objects from disk archive_read_disk_set_standard_lookup(3) - functions for reading objects from disk archive_read_disk_set_symlink_hybrid(3) - functions for reading objects from disk archive_read_disk_set_symlink_logical(3) - functions for reading objects from disk archive_read_disk_set_symlink_physical(3) - functions for reading objects from disk archive_read_disk_set_uname_lookup(3) - functions for reading objects from disk archive_read_disk_uname(3) - functions for reading objects from disk archive_read_extract2(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_extract(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_extract_set_progress_callback(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_finish(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_new(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_next_header2(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_next_header(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_open2(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_open(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_open_fd(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_open_file(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_open_FILE(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_open_filename(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_open_memory(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_set_filter_options(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_set_format_options(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_set_options(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_compression_all(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_compression_bzip2(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_compression_compress(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_compression_gzip(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_compression_lzma(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_compression_none(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_compression_program(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_compression_program_signature(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_compression_xz(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_format_all(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_format_ar(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_format_cpio(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_format_empty(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_format_iso9660(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_format_mtree(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_format_raw(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_format_tar(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_read_support_format_zip(3) - functions for reading streaming archives archive_set_error(3) - libarchive utility functions archive_util(3) - libarchive utility functions archive_write(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_close(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_data(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_disk(3) - functions for creating objects on disk archive_write_disk_new(3) - functions for creating objects on disk archive_write_disk_set_group_lookup(3) - functions for creating objects on disk archive_write_disk_set_options(3) - functions for creating objects on disk archive_write_disk_set_skip_file(3) - functions for creating objects on disk archive_write_disk_set_standard_lookup(3) - functions for creating objects on disk archive_write_disk_set_user_lookup(3) - functions for creating objects on disk archive_write_finish(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_finish_entry(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_get_bytes_per_block(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_header(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_new(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_open(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_open_fd(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_open_FILE(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_open_filename(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_open_memory(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_options(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_set_bytes_in_last_block(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_set_bytes_per_block(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_set_callbacks(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_set_compression_bzip2(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_set_compression_compress(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_set_compression_gzip(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_set_compression_none(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_set_compression_program(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_set_compressor_options(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_set_format_cpio(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_set_format_pax(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_set_format_pax_restricted(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_set_format_shar(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_set_format_shar_binary(3) - functions for creating archives archive_write_set_format_ustar(3) - functions for creating archives arcmsr(4) - Areca Technology Corporation SATA/SAS RAID controller aria(4) - Sierra's Aria chipset audio device driver arithmetic(6) - quiz on simple arithmetic arj(1) - Archiver for .arj files arjdisp(1) - ARJ simple graphical interface arj-register(1) - Register the ARJ archiver arm_drain_writebuf(2) - drains the CPU write buffer arm_sync_icache(2) - clean the CPU data cache and flush the CPU instruction cache arp(4) - Address Resolution Protocol arp(8) - address resolution display and control arp(9) - externally visible ARP functions arpaname(1) - translate IP addresses to the corresponding ARPA names arp_ifinit(9) - externally visible ARP functions arpintr(9) - externally visible ARP functions arpresolve(9) - externally visible ARP functions __arraycount(3) - macro for statically allocated arrays array(n) - Manipulate array variables artsata(4) - Intel i31244 Serial ATA disk controller driver as(1) - the portable GNU assembler. asa(1) - interpret carriage-control characters ascii(7) - octal, hexadecimal and decimal ASCII character sets asctime(3) - convert date and time to ASCII asctime_r(3) - convert date and time to ASCII asin(3) - arc sine function asinf(3) - arc sine function asinh(3) - inverse hyperbolic sine function asinhf(3) - inverse hyperbolic sine function ASN1_generate_nconf(3) - ASN1 generation functions ASN1_OBJECT_new(3) - object allocation functions ASN1_STRING_length(3) - ASN1_STRING utility functions ASN1_STRING_new(3) - ASN1_STRING allocation functions ASN1_STRING_print_ex(3) - ASN1_STRING output routines. asprintf(3) - formatted output conversion assert(3) - expression verification macro assume_default_colors(3) - curses default colors setting routines ast(4) - multiplexing serial communications interface at(1) - queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution ata(4) - AT attachment(ATA) bus driver atabus(4) - AT attachment(ATA) bus driver atactl(8) - a program to manipulate ATA(IDE) devices and busses atalk(4) - AppleTalk Protocol Family atan2(3) - arc tangent function of two variables atan2f(3) - arc tangent function of two variables atan(3) - arc tangent function of one variable atanf(3) - arc tangent function of one variable atanh(3) - inverse hyperbolic tangent function atanhf(3) - inverse hyperbolic tangent function atapi(4) - Small Computer Systems Interface(SCSI) bus driver atapibus(4) - Small Computer Systems Interface(SCSI) bus driver ataraid(4) - software BIOS RAID atc(6) - air traffic controller game ate(4) - Fujitsu MB86965A based Allied-Telesis Ethernet cards driver atexit(3) - register a function to be called on exit atf(7) - introduction to the Automated Testing Framework atf-c-api(3) - C API to write ATF-based test programs atf-c++-api(3) - C++ API to write ATF-based test programs atf-check(1) - executes a command and analyzes its results atf-config(1) - queries static configuration information of ATF atf-formats(5) - machine-parseable data formats used by ATF atf-report(1) - transforms the output of atf-run to different formats atf-run(1) - executes a collection of test programs atf-sh(1) - interpreter for shell-based test programs atf-sh-api(3) - POSIX shell API to write ATF-based test programs atf-test-case(4) - generic description of test cases atf-test-program(1) - common interface to ATF test programs atf-version(1) - shows information about the installed ATF version ath(4) - Atheros IEEE 802.11 driver atof(3) - convert ASCII string to double atoi(3) - convert ASCII string to integer atol(3) - convert ASCII string to long integer atoll(3) - convert ASCII string to long long integer atomic_add_32(3) - atomic add operations atomic_add_32_nv(3) - atomic add operations atomic_add(3) - atomic add operations atomic_add_64(3) - atomic add operations atomic_add_64_nv(3) - atomic add operations atomic_add_int(3) - atomic add operations atomic_add_int_nv(3) - atomic add operations atomic_add_long(3) - atomic add operations atomic_add_long_nv(3) - atomic add operations atomic_add_ptr(3) - atomic add operations atomic_add_ptr_nv(3) - atomic add operations atomic_and_32(3) - atomic logical atomic_and_32_nv(3) - atomic logical atomic_and(3) - atomic logical atomic_and_64(3) - atomic logical atomic_and_64_nv(3) - atomic logical atomic_and_uint(3) - atomic logical atomic_and_uint_nv(3) - atomic logical atomic_and_ulong(3) - atomic logical atomic_and_ulong_nv(3) - atomic logical atomic_cas_32(3) - atomic compare-and-swap operations atomic_cas_32_ni(3) - atomic compare-and-swap operations atomic_cas(3) - atomic compare-and-swap operations atomic_cas_64(3) - atomic compare-and-swap operations atomic_cas_64_ni(3) - atomic compare-and-swap operations atomic_cas_ptr(3) - atomic compare-and-swap operations atomic_cas_ptr_ni(3) - atomic compare-and-swap operations atomic_cas_uint(3) - atomic compare-and-swap operations atomic_cas_uint_ni(3) - atomic compare-and-swap operations atomic_cas_ulong(3) - atomic compare-and-swap operations atomic_cas_ulong_ni(3) - atomic compare-and-swap operations atomic_dec_32(3) - atomic decrement operations atomic_dec_32_nv(3) - atomic decrement operations atomic_dec(3) - atomic decrement operations atomic_dec_64(3) - atomic decrement operations atomic_dec_64_nv(3) - atomic decrement operations atomic_dec_ptr(3) - atomic decrement operations atomic_dec_ptr_nv(3) - atomic decrement operations atomic_dec_uint(3) - atomic decrement operations atomic_dec_uint_nv(3) - atomic decrement operations atomic_dec_ulong(3) - atomic decrement operations atomic_dec_ulong_nv(3) - atomic decrement operations atomic_inc_32(3) - atomic increment operations atomic_inc_32_nv(3) - atomic increment operations atomic_inc(3) - atomic increment operations atomic_inc_64(3) - atomic increment operations atomic_inc_64_nv(3) - atomic increment operations atomic_inc_ptr(3) - atomic increment operations atomic_inc_ptr_nv(3) - atomic increment operations atomic_inc_uint(3) - atomic increment operations atomic_inc_uint_nv(3) - atomic increment operations atomic_inc_ulong(3) - atomic increment operations atomic_inc_ulong_nv(3) - atomic increment operations atomic_ops(3) - atomic memory operations atomic_or_32(3) - atomic logical atomic_or_32_nv(3) - atomic logical atomic_or(3) - atomic logical atomic_or_64(3) - atomic logical atomic_or_64_nv(3) - atomic logical atomic_or_uint(3) - atomic logical atomic_or_uint_nv(3) - atomic logical atomic_or_ulong(3) - atomic logical atomic_or_ulong_nv(3) - atomic logical atomic_swap_32(3) - atomic swap operations atomic_swap(3) - atomic swap operations atomic_swap_64(3) - atomic swap operations atomic_swap_ptr(3) - atomic swap operations atomic_swap_uint(3) - atomic swap operations atomic_swap_ulong(3) - atomic swap operations atphy(4) - Attansic Technology F1 10/100/1000 Ethernet PHY atppc(4) - driver for AT-style parallel port chip sets atq(1) - queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution atrm(1) - queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution atrun(8) - run jobs queued for later execution attemptckalloc(3) - allocate or free heap memory attemptckrealloc(3) - allocate or free heap memory attimer(4) - AT Timer(8253) driver attr_get(3) - curses general attribute manipulation routines attribute(3) - non-standard GCC attribute extensions attr_off(3) - curses general attribute manipulation routines attroff(3) - curses general attribute manipulation routines attr_on(3) - curses general attribute manipulation routines attron(3) - curses general attribute manipulation routines attr_set(3) - curses general attribute manipulation routines attrset(3) - curses general attribute manipulation routines atu(4) - Atmel at76c50x 802.11B wireless network interfaces atw(4) - ADMtek ADM8211 802.11 wireless network driver au8522(4) - Inter IC(I2C) modules for DTV auacer(4) - Acer Labs I/O Controller Hub integrated AC'97 audio device driver aubtfwl(4) - Atheros AR3011 Firmware Loader audio(4) - device-independent audio driver layer audio(9) - interface between low and high level audio drivers audiocfg(1) - configure default audio device audiocs(4) - Crystal Semiconductor CS4231 audio device driver audioctl(1) - control audio device audioctl(4) - device-independent audio driver layer audioplay(1) - play audio files audiorecord(1) - record audio files audit-packages(8) - report vulnerabilities for the installed packages aue(4) - ADMtek AN986 and AN8511 Pegasus USB Ethernet driver auich(4) - Intel I/O Controller Hub integrated AC'97 audio device driver auixp(4) - ATI IXP series integrated AC'97 audio device driver auth_destroy(3) - library routines for client side remote procedure call authentication authnone_create(3) - library routines for client side remote procedure call authentication authpf(8) - authenticating gateway user shell authsys_create(3) - library routines for client side remote procedure call authentication authsys_create_default(3) - library routines for client side remote procedure call authentication authunix_create(3) - library routines for remote procedure calls authunix_create_default(3) - library routines for remote procedure calls autoconf(9) - autoconfiguration framework auto_execok(n) - standard library of Tcl procedures auto_import(n) - standard library of Tcl procedures auto_load(n) - standard library of Tcl procedures auto_mkindex(n) - standard library of Tcl procedures auto_mkindex_old(n) - standard library of Tcl procedures auto_qualify(n) - standard library of Tcl procedures auto_reset(n) - standard library of Tcl procedures autri(4) - Trident 4DWAVE-DX/NX, SiS 7018, ALi M5451 audio device driver auvia(4) - VIA VT82C686A/VT8233/VT8235/VT8237 integrated AC'97 audio device driver auvitek(4) - Auvitek AU0828 video capture device driver awi(4) - AMD PCnetMobile IEEE 802.11 PCMCIA wireless network driver awk(1) - pattern-directed scanning and processing language axe(4) - ASIX Electronics AX88172/AX88178/AX88772 10/100/Gigabit USB Ethernet device az(4) - Aztech/PackardBell radio card device driver azalia(4) - Generic High Definition Audio device driver backgammon(6) - the game of backgammon bad144(8) - read/write DEC standard 144 bad sector information badsect(8) - create files to contain bad sectors banner(1) - print strings in large letters banner(6) - print large banner on printer basename(1) - return filename or directory portion of pathname basename(3) - return the last component of a pathname bash(1) - GNU Bourne-Again SHell bashbug(1) - report a bug in bash batch(1) - queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution battery_pmu(4) - support for batteries and sensors in PCI-based Apple Powerbooks battlestar(6) - a tropical adventure game bawrite(9) - buffer cache interfaces bba(4) - IOASIC Baseboard Audio device driver bc(1) - An arbitrary precision calculator language bcd(6) - "reformat input as punch cards, paper tape or morse code" bcdtobin(9) - convert a single byte between(unsigned) packed bcd and binary bce(4) - Broadcom BCM4401 Ethernet device driver bcmp(3) - compare byte string bcmp(9) - compare byte string bcopy(3) - copy byte string bcopy(9) - copy byte string bcsp(4) - BlueCore Serial Protocol driver bdes(1) - encrypt/decrypt using the Data Encryption Standard bdevvp(9) - kernel representation of a file or directory bdwrite(9) - buffer cache interfaces be16dec(9) - byte order operations be16enc(9) - byte order operations be16toh(9) - byte order operations be32dec(9) - byte order operations be32enc(9) - byte order operations be32toh(9) - byte order operations be(4) - SPARC Fast Ethernet interface be64dec(9) - byte order operations be64enc(9) - byte order operations be64toh(9) - byte order operations beep(3) - curses terminal manipulation routines ber_alloc_t(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for encoding ber_bvarray_add(3) - OpenLDAP LBER types and allocation functions ber_bvarray_free(3) - OpenLDAP LBER types and allocation functions ber_bvdup(3) - OpenLDAP LBER types and allocation functions ber_bvecadd(3) - OpenLDAP LBER types and allocation functions ber_bvecfree(3) - OpenLDAP LBER types and allocation functions ber_bvfree(3) - OpenLDAP LBER types and allocation functions ber_bvstr(3) - OpenLDAP LBER types and allocation functions ber_bvstrdup(3) - OpenLDAP LBER types and allocation functions ber_dupbv(3) - OpenLDAP LBER types and allocation functions ber_first_element(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for decoding ber_flush(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for encoding ber_free(3) - OpenLDAP LBER types and allocation functions ber_get_bitstring(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for decoding ber_get_boolean(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for decoding ber_get_enum(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for decoding ber_get_int(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for decoding ber_get_next(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for decoding ber_get_null(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for decoding ber_get_stringa(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for decoding ber_get_stringb(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for decoding ber_next_element(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for decoding ber_peek_tag(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for decoding ber_printf(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for encoding ber_put_enum(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for encoding ber_put_int(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for encoding ber_put_null(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for encoding ber_put_ostring(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for encoding ber_put_seq(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for encoding ber_put_set(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for encoding ber_put_string(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for encoding ber_scanf(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for decoding ber_skip_tag(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for decoding ber_start_set(3) - OpenLDAP LBER simplified Basic Encoding Rules library routines for encoding ber_str2bv(3) - OpenLDAP LBER types and allocation functions bg(1) - a shell (command interpreter) with C-like syntax bge(4) - Broadcom BCM570x family Gigabit Ethernet driver bgerror(n) - Command invoked to process background errors bha(4) - Buslogic SCSI adapter driver bicc(4) - AMD 7990, 79C90, 79C960, 79C970 LANCE Ethernet interface driver biff(1) - "be notified if mail arrives and who it is from" binary(n) - Insert and extract fields from binary strings bind(2) - bind a name to a socket bindresvport(3) - bind a socket to a reserved privileged IP port bindresvport_sa(3) - bind a socket to a reserved privileged IP port bindtextdomain(3) - message handling functions bind_textdomain_codeset(3) - message handling functions bintime2timespec(9) - operations on "bintime" bintime2timeval(9) - operations on "bintime" bintime(9) - get the current time bintime_add(9) - operations on "bintime" bintime_addx(9) - operations on "bintime" bintime_sub(9) - operations on "bintime" bintobcd(9) - convert a single byte between(unsigned) packed bcd and binary binuptime(9) - get the time elapsed since boot bio(4) - Block IO ioctl tunnel pseudo-device bioctl(8) - RAID management interface BIO_ctrl(3) - BIO control operations biodone(9) - buffer cache interfaces BIO_f_base64(3) - base64 BIO filter BIO_f_buffer(3) - buffering BIO BIO_f_cipher(3) - cipher BIO filter BIO_find_type(3) - BIO chain traversal BIO_f_md(3) - message digest BIO filter BIO_f_null(3) - null filter BIO_f_ssl(3) - SSL BIO BIO_new(3) - BIO allocation and freeing functions BIO_push(3) - add and remove BIOs from a chain. BIO_read(3) - BIO I/O functions BIO_s_accept(3) - accept BIO BIO_s_bio(3) - BIO pair BIO BIO_s_connect(3) - connect BIO BIO_set_callback(3) - BIO callback functions BIO_s_fd(3) - file descriptor BIO BIO_s_file(3) - FILE bio BIO_should_retry(3) - BIO retry functions BIO_s_mem(3) - memory BIO BIO_s_null(3) - null data sink BIO_s_socket(3) - socket BIO biowait(9) - buffer cache interfaces __BIT(3) - "macros for preparing bitmasks and operating on bit fields" bit_alloc(3) - bit-string manipulation macros bit_clear(3) - bit-string manipulation macros bit_decl(3) - bit-string manipulation macros bit_ffc(3) - bit-string manipulation macros bit_ffs(3) - bit-string manipulation macros bit_nclear(3) - bit-string manipulation macros bit_nset(3) - bit-string manipulation macros bitops(3) - functions related to bits and integers bits(3) - "macros for preparing bitmasks and operating on bit fields" __BITS(3) - "macros for preparing bitmasks and operating on bit fields" bit_set(3) - bit-string manipulation macros bitstring(3) - bit-string manipulation macros bitstr_size(3) - bit-string manipulation macros bit_test(3) - bit-string manipulation macros bkgd(3) - curses attribute manipulation routines bkgdset(3) - curses attribute manipulation routines bktr(4) - Brooktree 848 compatible TV card driver bluetooth(3) - Bluetooth host lookup routines bluetooth(4) - Bluetooth Protocol Family bluetooth(9) - Bluetooth Device/Protocol API bm(3) - Boyer-Moore string search bm_comp(3) - Boyer-Moore string search bm_exec(3) - Boyer-Moore string search bm_free(3) - Boyer-Moore string search bmtphy(4) - Driver for Broadcom BCM5201 and BCM5202 "Mini-Theta" Ethernet PHYs and their derivatives BN_add(3) - arithmetic operations on BIGNUMs BN_add_word(3) - arithmetic functions on BIGNUMs with integers BN_BLINDING_new(3) - blinding related BIGNUM functions. BN_bn2bin(3) - format conversions BN_cmp(3) - BIGNUM comparison and test functions BN_copy(3) - copy BIGNUMs BN_CTX_new(3) - allocate and free BN_CTX structures BN_CTX_start(3) - use temporary BIGNUM variables BN_generate_prime(3) - generate primes and test for primality BN_mod_inverse(3) - compute inverse modulo n BN_mod_mul_montgomery(3) - Montgomery multiplication BN_mod_mul_reciprocal(3) - modular multiplication using reciprocal BN_new(3) - allocate and free BIGNUMs BN_num_bytes(3) - get BIGNUM size BN_rand(3) - generate pseudo-random number BN_set_bit(3) - bit operations on BIGNUMs BN_swap(3) - exchange BIGNUMs bnx(4) - Broadcom NetXtreme II 10/100/1000 Ethernet device BN_zero(3) - BIGNUM assignment operations boca(4) - multiplexing serial communications interface body_checks(5) - Postfix built-in content inspection boggle(6) - word search game boot(8) - system bootstrapping procedures boot.cfg(5) - configuration file for /boot BOOT_FLAG(9) - flags passed to kernel during boot or shutdown boothowto(9) - flags passed to kernel during boot or shutdown bootparamd(8) - boot parameter server bootparams(5) - boot parameter database bootpd(8) - Internet Boot Protocol server/gateway bootpef(8) - BOOTP Extension File compiler bootpgw(8) - Internet Boot Protocol server/gateway bootptab(5) - Internet Bootstrap Protocol server database bootptest(8) - send BOOTP queries and print responses boottime(9) - system time variables border(3) - curses border drawing routines bounce(5) - Postfix bounce message template format bounce(8) - Postfix delivery status reports bounds_check_with_label(9) - disk label management routines box(3) - curses border drawing routines bpf(4) - Berkeley Packet Filter raw network interface bpf(9) - Berkeley Packet Filter kernel interface bpm(1) - menu-based binary package manager brconfig(8) - configure network bridge parameters bread(9) - buffer cache interfaces breada(9) - buffer cache interfaces breadn(9) - buffer cache interfaces break(n) - Abort looping command brelse(9) - buffer cache interfaces brgphy(4) - Driver for Broadcom BCM5400-family Gigabit Ethernet PHYs bridge(4) - network bridge device brk(2) - change data segment size bsearch(3) - binary search of a sorted table bstring(3) - byte string operations bswap16(3) - byte-order swapping functions bswap16(9) - byte order operations bswap32(3) - byte-order swapping functions bswap32(9) - byte order operations bswap(3) - byte-order swapping functions bswap64(3) - byte-order swapping functions bswap64(9) - byte order operations bt3c(4) - 3Com Bluetooth PC Card driver bt(4) - Buslogic SCSI adapter driver bt_aton(3) - Bluetooth host lookup routines btattach(8) - attach serial lines as Bluetooth HCI interfaces btbc(4) - AnyCom BlueCard driver btconfig(8) - configure bluetooth devices bt_dev(3) - Bluetooth device access routines bt_devaddr(3) - Bluetooth device access routines btdevctl(8) - Bluetooth remote device control utility bt_devenum(3) - Bluetooth device access routines bt_devfilter(3) - Bluetooth device access routines bt_devfilter_evt_clr(3) - Bluetooth device access routines bt_devfilter_evt_set(3) - Bluetooth device access routines bt_devfilter_evt_tst(3) - Bluetooth device access routines bt_devfilter_pkt_clr(3) - Bluetooth device access routines bt_devfilter_pkt_set(3) - Bluetooth device access routines bt_devfilter_pkt_tst(3) - Bluetooth device access routines bt_devinfo(3) - Bluetooth device access routines bt_devinquiry(3) - Bluetooth device access routines bt_devname(3) - Bluetooth device access routines bt_devopen(3) - Bluetooth device access routines bt_devrecv(3) - Bluetooth device access routines bt_devreq(3) - Bluetooth device access routines bt_devsend(3) - Bluetooth device access routines bt_endhostent(3) - Bluetooth host lookup routines bt_endprotoent(3) - Bluetooth host lookup routines bt_gethostbyaddr(3) - Bluetooth host lookup routines bt_gethostbyname(3) - Bluetooth host lookup routines bt_gethostent(3) - Bluetooth host lookup routines bt_getprotobyname(3) - Bluetooth host lookup routines bt_getprotobynumber(3) - Bluetooth host lookup routines bt_getprotoent(3) - Bluetooth host lookup routines bthcid(8) - Bluetooth Link Key/PIN Code Manager bthidev(4) - Bluetooth Human Interface Device support bthset(1) - Bluetooth Headset utility bthub(4) - Bluetooth Remote Device Hub btkbd(4) - Bluetooth keyboard support btkey(1) - Bluetooth Link Key management utility btmagic(4) - Apple Magic Mouse btms(4) - Bluetooth mouse support bt_ntoa(3) - Bluetooth host lookup routines btoc(9) - macros related to bytes, pages, and disk blocks btodb(9) - macros related to bytes, pages, and disk blocks btowc(3) - convert a single byte character to a wide character btpand(8) - Bluetooth PAN daemon btpin(1) - Bluetooth PIN utility btree(3) - btree database access method btsco(4) - Bluetooth SCO Audio bt_sethostent(3) - Bluetooth host lookup routines bt_setprotoent(3) - Bluetooth host lookup routines btuart(4) - Bluetooth HCI UART driver buffercache(9) - buffer cache interfaces bufferevent_base_set(3) - execute a function when a specific event occurs bufferevent_disable(3) - execute a function when a specific event occurs bufferevent_enable(3) - execute a function when a specific event occurs bufferevent_free(3) - execute a function when a specific event occurs bufferevent_new(3) - execute a function when a specific event occurs bufferevent_read(3) - execute a function when a specific event occurs bufferevent_settimeout(3) - execute a function when a specific event occurs bufferevent_write(3) - execute a function when a specific event occurs bufferevent_write_buffer(3) - execute a function when a specific event occurs bufq(9) - device buffer queues __builtin_constant_p(3) - GNU extension to determine compile time constants __builtin_frame_address(3) - the return address of a function __builtin_object_size(3) - return the size of the given object __builtin_prefetch(3) - GNU extension to prefetch memory __builtin_return_address(3) - the return address of a function __builtin_types_compatible_p(3) - GNU extension to check equivalent types bunzip2(1) - block-sorting file compressor bus_dma(9) - Bus and Machine Independent DMA Mapping Interface bus_dmamap_create(9) - Bus and Machine Independent DMA Mapping Interface bus_dmamap_destroy(9) - Bus and Machine Independent DMA Mapping Interface bus_dmamap_load(9) - Bus and Machine Independent DMA Mapping Interface bus_dmamap_load_mbuf(9) - Bus and Machine Independent DMA Mapping Interface bus_dmamap_load_raw(9) - Bus and Machine Independent DMA Mapping Interface bus_dmamap_load_uio(9) - Bus and Machine Independent DMA Mapping Interface bus_dmamap_sync(9) - Bus and Machine Independent DMA Mapping Interface bus_dmamap_unload(9) - Bus and Machine Independent DMA Mapping Interface bus_dmamem_alloc(9) - Bus and Machine Independent DMA Mapping Interface bus_dmamem_free(9) - Bus and Machine Independent DMA Mapping Interface bus_dmamem_map(9) - Bus and Machine Independent DMA Mapping Interface bus_dmamem_mmap(9) - Bus and Machine Independent DMA Mapping Interface bus_dmamem_unmap(9) - Bus and Machine Independent DMA Mapping Interface bus_dmatag_destroy(9) - Bus and Machine Independent DMA Mapping Interface bus_dmatag_subregion(9) - Bus and Machine Independent DMA Mapping Interface bus_space(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_alloc(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_barrier(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_copy_region_1(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_copy_region_2(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_copy_region_4(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_copy_region_8(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_free(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_is_equal(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_map(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_mmap(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_read_1(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_read_2(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_read_4(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_read_8(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_read_multi_1(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_read_multi_2(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_read_multi_4(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_read_multi_8(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_read_region_1(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_read_region_2(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_read_region_4(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_read_region_8(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_set_region_1(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_set_region_2(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_set_region_4(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_set_region_8(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_subregion(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_unmap(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_vaddr(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_write_1(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_write_2(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_write_4(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_write_8(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_write_multi_1(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_write_multi_2(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_write_multi_4(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_write_multi_8(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_write_region_1(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_write_region_2(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_write_region_4(9) - bus space manipulation functions bus_space_write_region_8(9) - bus space manipulation functions bwi(4) - Broadcom BCM430x/4318 IEEE 802.11b/g wireless network driver bwrite(9) - buffer cache interfaces byteorder(3) - convert values between host and network byte order byteorder(9) - byte order operations bzcat(1) - block-sorting file compressor bzero(3) - write zeroes to a byte string bzero(9) - write zeroes to a byte string bzip2(1) - block-sorting file compressor bzip2recover(1) - block-sorting file compressor c++(1) - GNU project C and C++ compiler c2ph(1) - Dump C structures as generated from `cc - g - S' stabs c78(7) - The C programming language c(7) - The C programming language c89(1) - ANSI(1989) C compiler c89(7) - The C programming language c90(7) - The C programming language c99(1) - ANSI(1999) C compiler c99(7) - The C programming language cabs(3) - return a complex absolute value cabsf(3) - return a complex absolute value cac(4) - Compaq array controller driver cache_enter(9) - name lookup cache __cacheline_aligned(3) - non-standard GCC attribute extensions cache_lookup(9) - name lookup cache cache_purge(9) - name lookup cache cache_purgevfs(9) - name lookup cache cache_revlookup(9) - name lookup cache cacos(3) - complex arc cosine functions cacosf(3) - complex arc cosine functions cacosh(3) - complex arc hyperbolic cosine functions cacoshf(3) - complex arc hyperbolic cosine functions caesar(6) - decrypt caesar ciphers cal(1) - displays a calendar calendar(1) - reminder service callback(9) - generic callback interface callback_head_destroy(9) - generic callback interface callback_head_init(9) - generic callback interface callback_register(9) - generic callback interface callback_run_roundrobin(9) - generic callback interface callback_unregister(9) - generic callback interface calloc(3) - general purpose memory allocation functions callout(9) - execute a function after a specified length of time callout_ack(9) - execute a function after a specified length of time callout_destroy(9) - execute a function after a specified length of time callout_expired(9) - execute a function after a specified length of time callout_halt(9) - execute a function after a specified length of time callout_init(9) - execute a function after a specified length of time callout_invoking(9) - execute a function after a specified length of time callout_pending(9) - execute a function after a specified length of time callout_reset(9) - execute a function after a specified length of time callout_schedule(9) - execute a function after a specified length of time callout_setfunc(9) - execute a function after a specified length of time callout_stop(9) - execute a function after a specified length of time callrpc(3) - library routines for remote procedure calls can_change_color(3) - curses color manipulation routines canfield(6) - the solitaire card game canfield canonical(5) - Postfix canonical table format cap_mkdb(1) - create capability database cardbus(4) - CardBus driver cardbus(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices cardbus_attach_card(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices cardbus_conf_read(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices Cardbus_conf_read(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices cardbus_conf_write(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices Cardbus_conf_write(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices cardbus_detach_card(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices cardbus_free_tag(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices Cardbus_free_tag(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices cardbus_function_disable(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices Cardbus_function_disable(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices cardbus_function_enable(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices Cardbus_function_enable(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices cardbus_get_capability(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices cardbus_intr_disestablish(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices cardbus_intr_establish(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices cardbus_make_tag(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices Cardbus_make_tag(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices cardbus_mapreg_map(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices Cardbus_mapreg_map(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices cardbus_mapreg_unmap(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices Cardbus_mapreg_unmap(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices CARDBUS_PRODUCT(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices CARDBUS_VENDOR(9) - support for CardBus PC-Card devices cardslot(4) - CardBus driver carg(3) - complex argument functions cargf(3) - complex argument functions carp(4) - Common Address Redundancy Protocol cas(4) - Cassini/Cassini+(GigaSwift) Ethernet device driver case(n) - Evaluate one of several scripts, depending on a given value casin(3) - complex arc sine functions casinf(3) - complex arc sine functions casinh(3) - complex arc hyperbolic sine functions casinhf(3) - complex arc hyperbolic sine functions cat(1) - concatenate and print files catan(3) - complex arc tangent functions catanf(3) - complex arc tangent functions catanh(3) - complex arc hyperbolic tangent functions catanhf(3) - complex arc hyperbolic tangent functions catch(n) - Evaluate script and trap exceptional returns catclose(3) - close message catalog catgets(3) - retrieve string from message catalog catman(8) - format cat pages from man pages catopen(3) - open message catalog cbb(4) - CardBus driver cbreak(3) - curses terminal manipulation routines cbrt(3) - cube root and square root functions cbrtf(3) - cube root and square root functions cc(1) - GNU project C and C++ compiler cccp(1) - The C Preprocessor ccd(4) - Concatenated disk driver ccd.conf(5) - concatenated disk driver configuration file ccdconfig(8) - configuration utility for the concatenated disk driver ccos(3) - complex cosine functions ccosf(3) - complex cosine functions ccosh(3) - complex hyperbolic cosine functions ccoshf(3) - complex hyperbolic cosine functions cd(1) - change working directory cd(4) - SCSI and ATAPI CD-ROM driver cdb(5) - format of the constant database cdbr(3) - constant database access methods cdbr_close(3) - constant database access methods cdbr_entries(3) - constant database access methods cdbr_find(3) - constant database access methods cdbr_get(3) - constant database access methods cdbr_open(3) - constant database access methods cdbw(3) - create constant databases cdbw_close(3) - create constant databases cdbw_open(3) - create constant databases cdbw_output(3) - create constant databases cdbw_put(3) - create constant databases cdbw_put_data(3) - create constant databases cdbw_put_key(3) - create constant databases cdce(4) - USB Communication Device Class Ethernet driver cdefs(3) - common definitions and macros cdevvp(9) - kernel representation of a file or directory cd(n) - Change working directory cdplay(1) - compact disc player cec(4) - IEEE488 GPIB controller boards ceil(3) - ceiling and floor ceilf(3) - ceiling and floor cexp(3) - complex exponential functions cexpf(3) - complex exponential functions cfb(4) - PMAG-B CX colour unaccelerated 2-D framebuffer cfgetispeed(3) - manipulating the termios structure cfgetospeed(3) - manipulating the termios structure c++filt(1) - Demangle C++ and Java symbols. cfmakeraw(3) - manipulating the termios structure cfsetispeed(3) - manipulating the termios structure cfsetospeed(3) - manipulating the termios structure cfsetspeed(3) - manipulating the termios structure cgd(4) - cryptographic disk driver cgdconfig(8) - configuration utility for the cryptographic disk driver cgetcap(3) - capability database access routines cgetclose(3) - capability database access routines cgetent(3) - capability database access routines cgetfirst(3) - capability database access routines cgetmatch(3) - capability database access routines cgetnext(3) - capability database access routines cgetnum(3) - capability database access routines cgetset(3) - capability database access routines cgetstr(3) - capability database access routines cgetustr(3) - capability database access routines ch(4) - SCSI media changer driver chat(8) - Automated conversational script with a modem chdir(2) - change current working directory checknr(1) - check nroff/troff files chflags(1) - change file flags chflags(2) - set file flags chfn(1) - add or change user database information chgat(3) - curses on-screen attribute manipulation routines chgrp(1) - change group child_return(9) - finish a fork operation ching(6) - the book of changes and other cookies chio(1) - medium changer control utility chipsfb(4) - Chips Technologies 6555x based graphics chips chmod(1) - change file modes chmod(2) - change mode of file chown(2) - change owner and group of a file chown(8) - change file owner and group chpass(1) - add or change user database information chroot(2) - change root directory chroot(8) - change root directory chsh(1) - add or change user database information ci(1) - check in RCS revisions cidr_table(5) - format of Postfix CIDR tables cimag(3) - complex imaginary functions cimagf(3) - complex imaginary functions cimagl(3) - complex imaginary functions ciphy(4) - Driver for Cicada 10/100/1000 copper Ethernet PHYs cir(4) - Consumer IR (remote control) driver CIRCLEQ_EMPTY(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_ENTRY(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_FIRST(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_FOREACH(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_FOREACH_REVERSE(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_HEAD(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_INIT(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_INSERT_AFTER(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_INSERT_BEFORE(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_INSERT_HEAD(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_INSERT_TAIL(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_LAST(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_LOOP_NEXT(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_LOOP_PREV(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_NEXT(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_PREV(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" CIRCLEQ_REMOVE(3) - "implementations of singly-linked lists, simple queues, lists, tail queues, and circular queues" ciss(4) - HP/Compaq Smart ARRAY 5/6 RAID controllers ckalloc(3) - allocate or free heap memory ckfree(3) - allocate or free heap memory ckrealloc(3) - allocate or free heap memory cksum(1) - display file checksums and block counts clcs(4) - Cirrus Logic CS4280 audio device driver clct(4) - Cirrus Logic CS4281 audio device driver cleantags(1) - remove dollar signs around cleanup(8) - canonicalize and enqueue Postfix message clear(1) - terminal capability interface clear(3) - curses clear window routines clearerr(3) - check and reset stream status clearok(3) - curses clear window routines clnp(4) - Connectionless-Mode Network Protocol clnt_broadcast(3) - library routines for remote procedure calls clnt_call(3) - library routines for client side calls clnt_control(3) - "library routines for dealing with creation and manipulation of CLIENT handles" clnt_create(3) - "library routines for dealing with creation and manipulation of CLIENT handles" clnt_create_vers(3) - "library routines for dealing with creation and manipulation of CLIENT handles" clnt_destroy(3) - "library routines for dealing with creation and manipulation of CLIENT handles" clnt_dg_create(3) - "library routines for dealing with creation and manipulation of CLIENT handles" clnt_freeres(3) - library routines for client side calls clnt_geterr(3) - library routines for client side calls clnt_pcreateerror(3) - "library routines for dealing with creation and manipulation of CLIENT handles" clnt_perrno(3) - library routines for client side calls clnt_perror(3) - library routines for client side calls clnt_raw_create(3) - "library routines for dealing with creation and manipulation of CLIENT handles" clntraw_create(3) - library routines for remote procedure calls clnt_spcreateerror(3) - "library routines for dealing with creation and manipulation of CLIENT handles" clnt_sperrno(3) - library routines for client side calls clnt_sperror(3) - library routines for client side calls clnttcp_create(3) - library routines for remote procedure calls clnt_tli_create(3) - "library routines for dealing with creation and manipulation of CLIENT handles" clnt_tp_create(3) - "library routines for dealing with creation and manipulation of CLIENT handles" clntudp_bufcreate(3) - library routines for remote procedure calls clntudp_create(3) - library routines for remote procedure calls clnt_vc_create(3) - "library routines for dealing with creation and manipulation of CLIENT handles" clock(3) - determine processor time used clockctl(4) - Clock subsystem user control clock_getres(2) - clock and timer functions clock_gettime(2) - clock and timer functions clock(n) - Obtain and manipulate time clock_secs_to_ymdhms(9) - time-of-day clock support clock_settime(2) - clock and timer functions clock_ymdhms_to_secs(9) - time-of-day clock support clog(3) - complex natural logarithm functions clogf(3) - complex natural logarithm functions __clone(2) - spawn new process with options clone(2) - spawn new process with options close(2) - delete a descriptor closedir(3) - directory operations closef(9) - operations on file entries closefrom(3) - delete many descriptors closelog(3) - control system log closelog_r(3) - control system log close(n) - Close an open channel. CLR(9) - primitive bit macros clrbit(9) - macros related to bitmaps clri(8) - clear an inode clrtobot(3) - curses clear window routines clrtoeol(3) - curses clear window routines cltom(9) - "functions and macros for managing memory used by networking code" cltp(4) - ISO Connectionless Transport Protocol cmdide(4) - CMD Technology and Silicon Image IDE disk controllers driver cmp(1) - compare two files cmpci(4) - C-Media CMI8x38 audio device driver cms(4) - Creative Music System device driver cmsg(3) - socket control message routines CMSG_DATA(3) - socket control message routines CMSG_FIRSTHDR(3) - socket control message routines CMSG_LEN(3) - socket control message routines CMSG_NXTHDR(3) - socket control message routines CMSG_SPACE(3) - socket control message routines cnbell(9) - console access interface cn_check_magic(9) - console magic key sequence management cn_destroy_magic(9) - console magic key sequence management cngetc(9) - console access interface cn_get_magic(9) - console magic key sequence management cngetsn(9) - console access interface cn_init_magic(9) - console magic key sequence management cn_isconsole(9) - console magic key sequence management cnmagic(9) - console magic key sequence management cnpollc(9) - console access interface cnputc(9) - console access interface cn_set_magic(9) - console magic key sequence management cn_trap(9) - console magic key sequence management cnw(4) - Netwave AirSurfer wireless network driver cnwctl(8) - display statistics and control Netwave AirSurfer PC Cards co(1) - check out RCS revisions col(1) - filter reverse line feeds from input colcrt(1) - filter nroff output for CRT previewing color_content(3) - curses color manipulation routines color_set(3) - curses general attribute manipulation routines colrm(1) - remove columns from a file column(1) - columnate lists com(4) - serial communications interface for RS-232C com_err(3) - common error display library com_err_va(3) - common error display library comm(1) - select or reject lines common to two files compat_30(8) - setup procedure for backward compatibility on post-3.0 releases compat_freebsd(8) - setup procedure for running FreeBSD binaries compat_ibcs2(8) - setup procedure for running iBCS2 binaries compat_linux(8) - setup procedure for running Linux binaries compat_netbsd32(8) - setup procedure for 32-bit compatibility on 64-bit platforms compat_osf1(8) - setup procedure for running OSF/1 binaries compat_sco(8) - setup procedure for running SVR4/iBCS2 binaries compat_svr4_32 - setup procedure for running 32-bit SV... compat_solaris(8) - setup procedure for running SVR4/iBCS2 binaries compat_svr4_32 - setup procedure for running 32-bit SV... compat_sunos(8) - setup procedure for m68k, sparc and sparc64 architectures compat_svr4_32(8) - setup procedure for running SVR4/iBCS2 binaries compat_svr4_32 - setup procedure for running 32-bit SV... compat_svr4(8) - setup procedure for running SVR4/iBCS2 binaries compat_svr4_32 - setup procedure for running 32-bit SV... compat_ultrix(8) - "setup procedure for ULTRIX compatibility on MIPS and VAX architectures" compat_xenix(8) - setup procedure for running SVR4/iBCS2 binaries compat_svr4_32 - setup procedure for running 32-bit SV... compress(1) - compress and expand data comsat(8) - biff server __CONCAT(3) - argument substitution concat(n) - Join lists together condvar(9) - condition variables config(1) - build kernel compilation directories config(5) - kernel configuration file syntax config(9) - the autoconfiguration framework config_attach(9) - autoconfiguration framework config_attach_loc(9) - autoconfiguration framework config_attach_pseudo(9) - autoconfiguration framework config_data(1) - Query or change configuration of Perl modules config_deactivate(9) - autoconfiguration framework config_defer(9) - autoconfiguration framework config_detach(9) - autoconfiguration framework config_finalize_register(9) - autoconfiguration framework config_found(9) - autoconfiguration framework config_found_ia(9) - autoconfiguration framework config_found_sm_loc(9) - autoconfiguration framework config_interrupts(9) - autoconfiguration framework config_match(9) - autoconfiguration framework config_mountroot(9) - autoconfiguration framework config_pending_decr(9) - autoconfiguration framework config_pending_incr(9) - autoconfiguration framework config.samples(5) - kernel configuration file syntax examples config_search_ia(9) - autoconfiguration framework config_search_loc(9) - autoconfiguration framework CONF_modules_free(3) - OpenSSL configuration cleanup functions CONF_modules_load_file(3) - OpenSSL configuration functions confstr(3) - get string-valued configurable variables conj(3) - complex conjugate functions conjf(3) - complex conjugate functions conjl(3) - complex conjugate functions connect(2) - initiate a connection on a socket cons(9) - console access interface __constfunc(3) - non-standard GCC attribute extensions continue(n) - Skip to the next iteration of a loop copy(9) - kernel space to/from user space copy functions copyin(9) - kernel space to/from user space copy functions copyin_proc(9) - kernel space to/from user space copy functions copyinstr(9) - kernel space to/from user space copy functions copyout(9) - kernel space to/from user space copy functions copyout_proc(9) - kernel space to/from user space copy functions copyoutstr(9) - kernel space to/from user space copy functions copysign(3) - functions to manipulate signs copysignf(3) - functions to manipulate signs copysignl(3) - functions to manipulate signs copystr(9) - kernel space to/from user space copy functions copywin(3) - curses window routines core(5) - memory image file format coredump_write(9) - common coredump write routine corelist(1) - a commandline frontend to Module::CoreList cos(3) - cosine function cosf(3) - cosine function cosh(3) - hyperbolic cosine function coshf(3) - hyperbolic cosine function countmail(6) - be obnoxious about how much mail you have cp(1) - copy files cpan(1) - easily interact with CPAN from the command line cpan2dist(1) - The CPANPLUS distribution creator cpanp(1) - The CPANPLUS launcher cpio(1) - copy file archives in and out cpio(5) - format of cpio archive files cpow(3) - complex power functions cpowf(3) - complex power functions cpp(1) - The C Preprocessor cprng(9) - cryptographic pseudo-random number generators cprng_fast32(9) - cryptographic pseudo-random number generators cprng_fast64(9) - cryptographic pseudo-random number generators cprng_fast(9) - cryptographic pseudo-random number generators cprng_strong32(9) - cryptographic pseudo-random number generators cprng_strong64(9) - cryptographic pseudo-random number generators cprng_strong(9) - cryptographic pseudo-random number generators cprng_strong_create(9) - cryptographic pseudo-random number generators cprng_strong_destroy(9) - cryptographic pseudo-random number generators cprng_strong_getflags(9) - cryptographic pseudo-random number generators cprng_strong_setflags(9) - cryptographic pseudo-random number generators cproj(3) - complex projection functions cprojf(3) - complex projection functions cprojl(3) - complex projection functions cpu_configure(9) - machine-dependent device autoconfiguration cpu_coredump(9) - machine-dependent process core dump interface cpuctl(8) - program to control CPUs cpu_dump(9) - machine-dependent kernel core dumps cpu_dumpconf(9) - machine-dependent kernel core dumps cpu_dumpsize(9) - machine-dependent kernel core dumps cpufreq(9) - interface for CPU frequency scaling cpufreq_deregister(9) - interface for CPU frequency scaling cpufreq_get(9) - interface for CPU frequency scaling cpufreq_get_backend(9) - interface for CPU frequency scaling cpufreq_get_state(9) - interface for CPU frequency scaling cpufreq_get_state_index(9) - interface for CPU frequency scaling cpufreq_register(9) - interface for CPU frequency scaling cpufreq_resume(9) - interface for CPU frequency scaling cpufreq_set(9) - interface for CPU frequency scaling cpufreq_set_all(9) - interface for CPU frequency scaling cpufreq_suspend(9) - interface for CPU frequency scaling cpu_idle(9) - machine-dependent processor idling interface cpu_initclocks(9) - machine-dependent clock setup interface cpu_lwp_fork(9) - finish a fork operation cpu_need_resched(9) - context switch notification cpu_number(9) - unique CPU identification number cpu_reboot(9) - halt or reboot the system cpu_rootconf(9) - root file system setup cpuset(3) - dynamic CPU sets cpuset_clr(3) - dynamic CPU sets cpuset_create(3) - dynamic CPU sets cpuset_destroy(3) - dynamic CPU sets cpuset_isset(3) - dynamic CPU sets cpuset_set(3) - dynamic CPU sets cpuset_size(3) - dynamic CPU sets cpuset_zero(3) - dynamic CPU sets cpu_startup(9) - machine-dependent CPU startup cpu_switchto(9) - machine-dependent LWP context switching interface cpxattr(3) - copy extended attributes from a file to another one crash(8) - examine and debug system images creal(3) - complex real functions crealf(3) - complex real functions creall(3) - complex real functions creat(3) - create a new file cribbage(6) - the card game cribbage cron(8) - daemon to execute scheduled commands (ISC Cron V4.1) crontab(1) - maintain crontab files for individual users (ISC Cron V4.1) crontab(5) - tables for driving cron crunchgen(1) - generates build environment for a crunched binary crunchide(1) - hides symbol names from ld, for crunching programs together crypt(3) - password encryption crypto(3) - OpenSSL cryptographic library crypto(4) - user-mode access to hardware-accelerated cryptography crypto_dispatch(9) - API for cryptographic services in the kernel crypto_done(9) - API for cryptographic services in the kernel crypto_freereq(9) - API for cryptographic services in the kernel crypto_freesession(9) - API for cryptographic services in the kernel crypto_get_driverid(9) - API for cryptographic services in the kernel crypto_getreq(9) - API for cryptographic services in the kernel crypto_kdispatch(9) - API for cryptographic services in the kernel crypto_kdone(9) - API for cryptographic services in the kernel crypto_kregister(9) - API for cryptographic services in the kernel crypto_newsession(9) - API for cryptographic services in the kernel crypto_register(9) - API for cryptographic services in the kernel CRYPTO_set_ex_data(3) - internal application specific data functions crypto_unregister(9) - API for cryptographic services in the kernel cs(4) - Cirrus Logic Crystal CS89x0 Ethernet driver cs80bus(4) - support for CS80/SS80 on the IEEE488 GPIB csf(9) - The NetBSD common scheduler framework csh(1) - a shell (command interpreter) with C-like syntax csin(3) - complex sine functions csinf(3) - complex sine functions csinh(3) - complex hyperbolic sine functions csinhf(3) - complex hyperbolic sine functions csplit(1) - split files based on context csqrt(3) - complex square root functions csqrtf(3) - complex square root functions ctags(1) - create a tags file ctan(3) - complex tangent functions ctanf(3) - complex tangent functions ctanh(3) - complex hyperbolic tangent functions ctanhf(3) - complex hyperbolic tangent functions CTASSERT(9) - compile time assertion macro ctermid(3) - generate terminal pathname ctime(3) - convert date and time to ASCII ctime_r(3) - convert date and time to ASCII ctime_rz(3) - convert date and time to ASCII ctob(9) - macros related to bytes, pages, and disk blocks ctod(9) - macros related to bytes, pages, and disk blocks ctype(3) - character classification and mapping functions cu(1) - serial terminal emulator cuda(4) - support for CUDA microcontrollers found in many Power Macintosh and compatible computers cue(4) - CATC USB-EL1201A USB Ethernet driver curcpu(9) - current process, processor, and LWP curlwp(9) - current process, processor, and LWP curproc(9) - current process, processor, and LWP current_field(3) - form library curses(3) - screen functions with "optimal" cursor motion curses_addch(3) - curses add characters to windows routines curses_addchstr(3) - curses add character strings to windows routines curses_addstr(3) - curses add character strings to windows routines curses_attributes(3) - curses general attribute manipulation routines curses_background(3) - curses attribute manipulation routines curses_border(3) - curses border drawing routines curses_chgat(3) - curses on-screen attribute manipulation routines curses_clear(3) - curses clear window routines curses_color(3) - curses color manipulation routines curses_cursor(3) - curses cursor and window location and positioning routines curses_default_colors(3) - curses default colors setting routines curses_delch(3) - curses delete characters routines curses_deleteln(3) - curses delete single line routines curses_echochar(3) - curses add characters and then refresh routines curses_fileio(3) - curses file input/output routines curses_inch(3) - curses read screen contents routines curses_input(3) - curses input stream routines curses_insdelln(3) - curses insert or delete lines routines curses_insertch(3) - curses insert characters routines curses_insertln(3) - curses insert single line routines curses_keyname(3) - curses report key name routine curses_line(3) - curses draw lines on windows routines curses_pad(3) - curses pad routines curses_print(3) - curses print formatted strings on windows routines curses_refresh(3) - curses terminal update routines curses_scanw(3) - curses read formatted data from screen routines curses_screen(3) - curses terminal and screen routines curses_scroll(3) - curses window scrolling routines curses_standout(3) - curses standout attribute manipulation routines curses_termcap(3) - curses termcap querying routines curses_touch(3) - curses window modification routines curses_tty(3) - curses terminal manipulation routines curses_underscore(3) - curses underscore attribute manipulation routines curses_window(3) - curses window routines curs_set(3) - curses terminal manipulation routines cuserid(3) - get user name cut(1) - select portions of each line of a file cv(9) - condition variables cv_broadcast(9) - condition variables cv_destroy(9) - condition variables cv_has_waiters(9) - condition variables cv_init(9) - condition variables cvs(1) - Concurrent Versions System cvs(5) - Concurrent Versions System support files cvsbug(8) - send problem report(PR) about CVS to a central support site cv_signal(9) - condition variables cv_timedwait(9) - condition variables cv_timedwait_sig(9) - condition variables cv_wait(9) - condition variables cv_wait_sig(9) - condition variables cx24227(4) - Inter IC(I2C) modules for DTV cy(4) - Cyclades Cyclom-{4, 8, 16, 32}Y asynchronous comms board serial device driver cypide(4) - Cypress IDE disk controllers driver cz(4) - Cyclades-Z series multi-port serial adapter device driver d2i_ASN1_OBJECT(3) - ASN1 OBJECT IDENTIFIER functions d2i_DHparams(3) - PKCS#3 DH parameter functions. d2i_DSAPublicKey(3) - DSA key encoding and parsing functions. d2i_PKCS8PrivateKey(3) - PKCS#8 format private key functions d2i_RSAPublicKey(3) - RSA public and private key encoding functions. d2i_SSL_SESSION(3) - convert SSL_SESSION object from/to ASN1 representation d2i_X509(3) - X509 encode and decode functions d2i_X509_ALGOR(3) - AlgorithmIdentifier functions. d2i_X509_CRL(3) - PKCS#10 certificate request functions. d2i_X509_NAME(3) - X509_NAME encoding functions d2i_X509_REQ(3) - PKCS#10 certificate request functions. d2i_X509_SIG(3) - DigestInfo functions. dab(6) - Dots and Boxes game daemon(3) - run in the background daic(4) - isdn4bsd driver for EICON.Diehl active ISDN cards daicctl(1) - ISDN control, test and statistics utility daily(5) - daily maintenance daily.conf(5) - daily maintenance data_ahead(3) - form library data_behind(3) - form library date(1) - display or set date and time daylight(3) - initialize time conversion information db(1) - manipulate db(3) - database access methods dbcool(4) - dbCool(tm) family of environmental monitors and fan controllers dbCool(4) - dbCool(tm) family of environmental monitors and fan controllers dbilogstrip(1) - filter to normalize DBI trace logs for diff'ing dbiprof(1) - command-line client for DBI::ProfileData dbiproxy(1) - A proxy server for the DBD::Proxy driver dbm_clearerr(3) - database functions dbm_close(3) - database functions dbm_delete(3) - database functions dbm_dirfno(3) - database functions dbm_error(3) - database functions dbm_fetch(3) - database functions dbm_firstkey(3) - database functions dbmmanage(1) - Manage user authentication files in DBM format dbm_nextkey(3) - database functions dbm_open(3) - database functions dbm_store(3) - database functions dbopen(3) - database access methods dbsym(8) - copy kernel symbol table into db_symtab space dbtob(9) - macros related to bytes, pages, and disk blocks dbus-cleanup-sockets(1) - clean up leftover sockets in a directory dbus-daemon(1) - Message bus daemon dbus-launch(1) - Utility to start a message bus from a shell script dbus-monitor(1) - debug probe to print message bus messages dbus-send(1) - Send a message to a message bus dbus-uuidgen(1) - Utility to generate UUIDs dc(1) - an arbitrary precision calculator dcgettext(3) - message handling functions dcngettext(3) - message handling functions dd(1) - convert and copy a file ddb(4) - in-kernel debugger ddc(4) - VESA Display Data Channel V2 devices ddc(9) - VESA Display Data Channel V2 dde(n) - Execute a Dynamic Data Exchange command ddns-confgen(8) - ddns key generation tool de(4) - DECchip 21040, 21140, 21141, 21142, and 21143 PCI Ethernet interface driver __dead(3) - non-standard GCC attribute extensions defer(8) - Postfix delivery status reports define_key(3) - curses input stream routines def_prog_mode(3) - curses terminal manipulation routines def_shell_mode(3) - curses terminal manipulation routines dehumanize_number(3) - format a number into a human readable form and vice versa delay(9) - microsecond delay DELAY(9) - microsecond delay delay_output(3) - curses terminal manipulation routines delch(3) - curses delete characters routines del_curterm(3) - terminal independent operation routines deleteln(3) - curses delete single line routines delscreen(3) - curses terminal and screen routines delwin(3) - curses window routines depca(4) - AMD 7990, 79C90, 79C960, 79C970 LANCE Ethernet interface driver deroff(1) - remove nroff/troff, eqn, pic and tbl constructs derwin(3) - curses window routines des(3) - DES encryption des_cbc_cksum(3) - DES encryption des_cfb64_encrypt(3) - DES encryption des_cfb_encrypt(3) - DES encryption des_crypt(3) - DES encryption des_ecb2_encrypt(3) - DES encryption des_ecb3_encrypt(3) - DES encryption des_ecb_encrypt(3) - DES encryption des_ede2_cbc_encrypt(3) - DES encryption des_ede2_cfb64_encrypt(3) - DES encryption des_ede2_ofb64_encrypt(3) - DES encryption des_ede3_cbc_encrypt(3) - DES encryption des_ede3_cbcm_encrypt(3) - DES encryption des_ede3_cfb64_encrypt(3) - DES encryption des_ede3_ofb64_encrypt(3) - DES encryption des_enc_read(3) - DES encryption des_enc_write(3) - DES encryption des_fcrypt(3) - DES encryption des_is_weak_key(3) - DES encryption des_key_sched(3) - DES encryption des_modes(7) - (unknown subject) des_ncbc_encrypt(3) - DES encryption des_ofb64_encrypt(3) - DES encryption des_ofb_encrypt(3) - DES encryption des_pcbc_encrypt(3) - DES encryption des_quad_cksum(3) - DES encryption des_random_key(3)
jbd2"`)

Track IO with iostat

The iostat utility from sysstat package displays the input/output statistics for devices and partitions.

# iostat -dmy 1 /dev/md0 # iostat -dmy 1 # all

Email notifications

mdadm provides the systemd service which can be useful for monitoring the health of your raid arrays and notifying you via email if anything goes wrong.

This service is special in that it cannot be manually activated like a regular service; mdadm will take care of activating it via udev upon assembling your arrays on system startup, but it will only do so if an email address has been configured for its notifications (see below).

Warning: Failure to configure an email address will result in the monitoring service silently failing to start.

Note: In order to send emails, a properly configured mail transfer agent is required.

To enable this functionality, edit and define the email address:

MAILADDR [email protected]

Then, to verify that everything is working as it should, run the following command:

# mdadm --monitor --scan --oneshot --test

If the test is successful and the email is delivered, then you are done; the next time your arrays are reassembled, will begin monitoring them for errors.

Troubleshooting

If you are getting error when you reboot about "invalid raid superblock magic" and you have additional hard drives other than the ones you installed to, check that your hard drive order is correct. During installation, your RAID devices may be hdd, hde and hdf, but during boot they may be hda, hdb and hdc. Adjust your kernel line accordingly. This is what happened to me anyway.

Error: "kernel: ataX.00: revalidation failed"

If you suddenly (after reboot, changed BIOS settings) experience Error messages like:

Feb 9 08:15:46 hostserver kernel: ata8.00: revalidation failed (errno=-5)

It does not necessarily mean that a drive is broken. You often find panic links on the web which go for the worst. In a word, No Panic. Maybe you just changed APIC or ACPI settings within your BIOS or Kernel parameters somehow. Change them back and you should be fine. Ordinarily, turning ACPI and/or ACPI off should help.

Start arrays read-only

When an md array is started, the superblock will be written, and resync may begin. To start read-only set the kernel module parameter . When this is set, new arrays get an 'auto-ro' mode, which disables all internal io (superblock updates, resync, recovery) and is automatically switched to 'rw' when the first write request arrives.

Note: The array can be set to true 'ro' mode using before the first write request, or resync can be started without a write using .

To set the parameter at boot, add to your kernel line.

Or set it at module load time by Kernel module#Using files in /etc/modprobe.d/ or from directly from :

# echo 1 > /sys/module/md_mod/parameters/start_ro

Recovering from a broken or missing drive in the raid

You might get the above mentioned error also when one of the drives breaks for whatever reason. In that case you will have to force the raid to still turn on even with one disk short. Type this (change where needed):

# mdadm --manage /dev/md0 --run

Now you should be able to mount it again with something like this (if you had it in fstab):

# mount /dev/md0

Now the raid should be working again and available to use, however with one disk short. So, to add that one disc partition it the way like described above in #Prepare the devices. Once that is done you can add the new disk to the raid by doing:

# mdadm --manage --add /dev/md0 /dev/sdd1

If you type:

# cat /proc/mdstat

you probably see that the raid is now active and rebuilding.

You also might want to update your configuration (see: #Update configuration file).

Benchmarking

There are several tools for benchmarking a RAID. The most notable improvement is the speed increase when multiple threads are reading from the same RAID volume.

bonnie++ tests database type access to one or more files, and creation, reading, and deleting of small files which can simulate the usage of programs such as Squid, INN, or Maildir format e-mail. The enclosed ZCAV program tests the performance of different zones of a hard drive without writing any data to the disk.

hdparm should not be used to benchmark a RAID, because it provides very inconsistent results.

See also

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