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Frequently Asked Questions. faq-icon Vehicles that are not claimed within 21 days are sold at public auction. What's the problem? In the majority of cases, referencing undeclared variables and methods, including by way of misspelling them or failing to import their. NHTSA's New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) provides comparative information on the safety performance of new vehicles to assist consumers.

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CHAPTER 246*

MOTOR VEHICLES

*Motor vehicle legislation justified by the police power. 108 C. 337; Id., 377. Cited. 119 C. 569; 158 C. 236. In the event of any conflict between provisions of no-fault insurance law and existing statutes concerning motor vehicles, the latter shall prevail. 169 C. 267. Cited. 225 C. 499.

Cited. 10 CA 18; Id., 22.

General purpose is not to extend to nonresidents reciprocal privilege beyond relieving them from necessity of procuring Connecticut operator's license. 23 CS 26.

Table of Contents

Sec. 14-1. Definitions.

Sec. 14-1a. “Authorized emergency vehicle” defined.

Sec. 14-2. Appointment of Commissioner of Motor Vehicles.

Sec. 14-3. Powers and duties of commissioner.

Sec. 14-4. Findings and rulings of commissioner.

Sec. 14-4a. Conduct of hearings and rendering of decisions.

Sec. 14-5. Branch offices.

Sec. 14-5a. Ansonia branch office.

Sec. 14-5b. Discontinuation of branch offices.

Sec. 14-5c. Department closed or unable to perform transactions due to emergency or other reason. Extension of expiration date or period of validity of credentials issued by commissioner.

Sec. 14-6. Coordination of enforcement activities.

Sec. 14-7. Deputy commissioners.

Sec. 14-8. Police authority of commissioner and inspectors.

Sec. 14-9. Oath of office.

Sec. 14-9a. Criminal background checks for applicants for employment with department and certain department employees. Reassignment of employee with disqualifying criminal offense or condition.

Sec. 14-10. Definitions. Records. Disclosure of personal information and highly restricted personal information. Penalty. Regulations.

Sec. 14-11. Employment of legal assistance.

Sec. 14-11a. Exceptional issuance of certificates and licenses for law enforcement activities. Verification by Chief State's Attorney of statements on application for such certificates and licenses.

Sec. 14-11b. Driver training program for persons with disabilities.

Sec. 14-11c. Motor Carrier Advisory Council. Members. Duties.

Sec. 14-11d. Annual safety inspection program for fire department apparatus.

Sec. 14-11e. Annual and monthly reports re waiting times at main and branch offices of the department.

Secs. 14-11f to 14-11h.Reserved

Sec. 14-11i. Payment of fees by credit card.

Sec. 14-11j. Blue envelopes for persons with autism spectrum disorder.

Sec. 14-12. Motor vehicle registration. Application. Issuance by dealers. Misrepresentation. Registration number and certificate. Requirements for registration. Regulations. Temporary registration. Number of registered electric vehicles.

Sec. 14-12a. Registration of certain motor vehicles garaged or operated in Connecticut.

Sec. 14-12b. Presentation of insurance identification card or policy and statement that minimum security will be continuously maintained required for issuance of registration. Investigation of violations.

Sec. 14-12c. Verification of security coverage. Penalties for failure to have or continuously maintain required security or for presentation of fraudulent insurance identification card.

Secs. 14-12d and 14-12e. Notice of voiding or suspension of registration or operator's license; reregistration or reinvestment; proof of financial responsibility. Presumption of failure to file insurer name and policy number; offset of suspension periods.

Sec. 14-12f. Provisions inapplicable to certain vehicles.

Sec. 14-12g. Suspension of motor vehicle registration for violation of mandatory security requirements. Suspension of motor vehicle operator's license. Consent agreements.

Sec. 14-12h. Maintenance and compilation of record of all suspended registrations. Availability. Stop and detain procedures. Removal of plates. Seizure, impoundment and forfeiture of vehicle.

Sec. 14-12i. Restoration fees. Reimbursement to entities returning confiscated registration number plates to the department.

Sec. 14-12j. Agreements with qualified independent contractors to provide consulting and other services.

Sec. 14-12k. Regulations.

Sec. 14-12l. Collection of Social Security numbers and federal employer identification numbers. List of persons to whom motor vehicle registrations issued to be provided to Commissioner of Revenue Services.

Secs. 14-12m and 14-12n. Forfeiture of impounded motor vehicle; proceedings; proceeds from sale. Uninsured motor vehicle forfeiture revolving account.

Sec. 14-12o. Courtesy registration when proof of ownership pending.

Sec. 14-12p.Reserved

Sec. 14-12q. Vehicle identification card.

Sec. 14-12r. Inspection of vehicle identification number.

Sec. 14-12s. Administrative fee.

Sec. 14-12t. Regulations.

Sec. 14-13. Registration certificate and insurance identification card to be carried in vehicle.

Sec. 14-14. Registration of motor vehicles owned by minors. Proof of financial responsibility.

Sec. 14-15. Leasing or renting of motor vehicles. Electronic issuance or transfer of registration. Electronic renewal of registration.

Sec. 14-15a. Registration of vehicles leased or rented for use in Connecticut.

Sec. 14-15b. Motor vehicle rental contracts. Required notice re collision damage waiver. Prohibited sales and advertising practice.

Sec. 14-15c. Repossession of rented motor vehicles by rental companies.

Sec. 14-15d. Electronic issuance of registration or certificate of title.

Sec. 14-16. Transfer of ownership. Designation of beneficiary. Fees. Penalties.

Sec. 14-16a. Inspection of older vehicles before or upon transfer of ownership. Historical or special interest fire apparatus. Antique, rare or special interest motor vehicles. Modified antique or composite motor vehicles.

Sec. 14-16b. Inspection of damaged vehicles.

Sec. 14-16c. Insurance companies', persons', firms' or corporations' duties re totalled vehicles and certificates of title. Operation and inspection of totalled vehicles. Regulations.

Sec. 14-17. Notice of change in appearance or equipment.

Sec. 14-17a. Notice of change in registrant's address.

Sec. 14-17b. Notice from United States Postal Service re change of address. Powers of commissioner.

Sec. 14-18. Display of number plates and stickers. Issuance of sample number plates. Return of number plates to commissioner.

Sec. 14-19. Registration of fire apparatus.

Sec. 14-19a. Regulations re issuance of special number plates to members of qualifying organizations. Issuance and renewal of collegiate special number plates. Discontinuance of special number plates.

Sec. 14-19b. Issuance and renewal of collegiate commemorative number plates. Fees. Establishment of account.

Sec. 14-20. Number plates for antique, rare or special interest motor vehicles. Issuance of number plates corresponding to year of manufacture. Registration. Regulations.

Sec. 14-20a. Number plates for volunteer firefighters.

Sec. 14-20b. Number plates for veterans and members of the armed forces. Return and nonrenewal of number plates.

Sec. 14-20c. Number plates for immediate family of residents killed in action with armed forces.

Sec. 14-21. Number plates for amateur radio licensees.

Sec. 14-21a. “Foreign consul” registration and number plates.

Sec. 14-21b. Issuance of reflectorized number plates. Display. Infraction.

Sec. 14-21c. Number plates for manufacturers of motor vehicles or automotive equipment.

Sec. 14-21d. Prisoner of war and congressional medal of honor registration and number plate.

Sec. 14-21e. Number plates commemorating Long Island Sound. Voluntary lighthouse preservation donation. Fees. Voluntary habitat restoration donation. Regulations.

Sec. 14-21f. Keep Kids Safe number plates. Fees. Regulations.

Sec. 14-21g. Keep Kids Safe account.

Sec. 14-21h. Number plates for animal population control. Fees. Regulations.

Sec. 14-21i. Greenways commemorative number plates. Fees. Regulations.

Sec. 14-21j. Amistad commemorative number plates. Fees. Regulations.

Sec. 14-21k. Amistad commemorative account.

Sec. 14-21l. Olympic Spirit commemorative number plates. Fees.

Sec. 14-21m. Olympic Spirit commemorative account.

Sec. 14-21n. State and municipal police officers killed in the line of duty memorial number plates. Fees.

Sec. 14-21o. United We Stand commemorative number plates. Fees. Regulations.

Sec. 14-21p. United We Stand commemorative account.

Sec. 14-21q. Childhood cancer awareness commemorative number plates. Fees. Regulations.

Sec. 14-21r. Childhood cancer awareness account.

Sec. 14-21s. Wildlife conservation commemorative number plates. Fees. Regulations.

Sec. 14-21t. Wildlife conservation account.

Sec. 14-21u. Support Our Troops! commemorative number plates. Fees. Support Our Troops! account.

Sec. 14-21v. Support for nursing profession commemorative number plates. Fees. Nursing account.

Sec. 14-21w. Share the Road commemorative number plates. Fees. Regulations. Share the Road account. Use of image.

Sec. 14-21x. Men's Health commemorative number plates. Fees. Regulations. Men's Health account.

Sec. 14-21y. Hartford Whalers commemorative number plates.

Sec. 14-21z. Save Our Lakes commemorative number plates. Fees. Regulations.

Sec. 14-21aa. Connecticut Lakes, Rivers and Ponds Preservation account.

Sec. 14-21bb. Aquatic Invasive Species fee. Requirements for payment of fee.

Sec. 14-22. Expiration and renewal.

Secs. 14-22a to 14-22e.Reserved

Sec. 14-22f. Cancellation of motor vehicle registration in error or failure to maintain accurate record of registration. Remedies.

Sec. 14-23. Refunds on registrations to persons in armed forces.

Sec. 14-24. Heavy duty trailers. Heavy construction equipment. Gross weight of tractor-trailer units.

Sec. 14-25. Registration not required for trailers used as parade floats.

Sec. 14-25a. Identifying registration certificate and marker for certain construction equipment.

Sec. 14-25b. Registration of vehicle as special mobile equipment or special mobile agriculture vehicle.

Sec. 14-25c. Registration of motor vehicle used as a student transportation vehicle. Distinctive marker plates.

Sec. 14-25d. Registration of DUKW or similar amphibious vehicle. Restrictions or prohibitions imposed by traffic authority.

Sec. 14-26. Motor or service buses, taxicabs, school buses, motor vehicles in livery service and school buses used in part in livery service.

Sec. 14-27. Number plates for public service motor vehicles.

Sec. 14-27a. Number plates for vanpool vehicle. Minimum insurance requirements.

Sec. 14-28. Passenger motor vehicle plates for livery cars or taxicabs.

Sec. 14-29. Owners of motor or service buses, taxicabs, school buses, school transportation vehicles and motor vehicles in livery service to furnish insurance or bond.

Sec. 14-29a. Registration of motor vehicles over ten years old as taxicabs prohibited.

Sec. 14-30. Public service motor vehicles registered in another state.

Sec. 14-31. Refund of registration fees for motor vehicles with commercial registration unfit for use.

Sec. 14-32. Commercial motor vehicle in interstate business.

Sec. 14-33. Renewal of registration denied for failure to pay motor vehicle property tax or fines for parking violations. Collection of delinquent property tax by commissioner. Issuance of temporary registrations by city, town, borough or other taxing district.

Sec. 14-33a. Notice to commissioner of tax payment.

Sec. 14-34. Reciprocity of registration.

Sec. 14-34a. Reciprocal agreements apportioning the registration of commercial vehicles.

Sec. 14-35. Transporter's registration.

Sec. 14-35a. Restrictions on owner of motor vehicle with suspended registration. Prohibitions on operation of motor vehicle by motor carrier. Penalties.

Sec. 14-36. Motor vehicle operator's license.

Sec. 14-36a. Classification of operators' licenses. Designations; endorsements. Penalty.

Sec. 14-36b. Renewal.

Sec. 14-36c. Specification of class of license.

Sec. 14-36d. Acquisition and installation of equipment. Renewal without personal appearance. Method for issuance or renewal of license or card. Temporary license, permit or card. Regulations.

Sec. 14-36e. (Formerly Sec. 10-24). Course in motor vehicle operation and highway safety.

Sec. 14-36f. (Formerly Sec. 10-24d). Regulations concerning driver education programs.

Sec. 14-36g. Restrictions on transportation of passengers and hours of operation of vehicle by holders of motor vehicle operator's licenses who are sixteen or seventeen years of age. Exceptions. Regulations. Penalties.

Sec. 14-36h. Contents and features of operator's license and identity card. Issuance to persons on active duty. Veteran status indicated.

Sec. 14-36i. Seizure and forty-eight-hour suspension of operator's license of person who is sixteen or seventeen years of age for certain violations.

Sec. 14-36j. Commissioner to amend regulations re content of safe driving instruction courses. Attendance by parent or guardian.

Sec. 14-36k. Conviction of person under age eighteen for operating motor vehicle without operator's license. Penalty.

Sec. 14-36l. Transmission of registration information to the Selective Service System upon application by person under twenty-six years of age for issuance or renewal of license.

Sec. 14-36m. Issuance of operators' licenses to applicants unable to establish legal presence in the United States and applicants without Social Security numbers.

Sec. 14-37. Limited license on proof of financial responsibility by owner.

Sec. 14-37a. Special operator's permit for purposes of employment, education or medically necessary treatment.

Sec. 14-37b. Applicant without license from any state, United States territory or certain foreign countries. Requirements. Regulations.

Sec. 14-38. Recall, suspension or revocation of minor operator's license.

Sec. 14-38a. Instruction manual printed in Spanish.

Sec. 14-39. Nonresident operators. Reciprocity concerning equipment, marking and inspection of vehicles.

Sec. 14-40. Operation of motor vehicle owned by resident of foreign country.

Sec. 14-40a. Motorcycle endorsement or motorcycle endorsement with three-wheeled restriction. Motorcycle instruction permit. Examination. Military waiver.

Sec. 14-40b. License without examination.

Sec. 14-40c. Hearing upon denial or suspension of operator's license.

Sec. 14-41. Expiration and renewal of operators' licenses and identity cards. Fees. Notice.

Sec. 14-41a. Renewal of license for persons age sixty-five or over.

Sec. 14-41b. Validity of operator's license held by member of the armed forces following separation from service.

Sec. 14-41c. Renewal of operator's licenses and identity cards of incarcerated persons.

Sec. 14-42. Application for operator's license or identity card. Anatomical gift.

Sec. 14-42a. Agreement with procurement organizations. Inclusion of information re procurement organizations in driver education programs.

Sec. 14-43. Misrepresentation renders license void.

Sec. 14-44. License endorsement for operators of commercial motor vehicles used for passenger transportation, school buses, student transportation vehicles, taxicabs, motor vehicles in livery service and motor or service buses. Requirements. Hearing. Appeal. Report re persons whose license or endorsement has been withdrawn, suspended or revoked. Penalty.

Sec. 14-44a. Commercial driver's license required for operation of a commercial motor vehicle. Exceptions. Penalty.

Sec. 14-44b. Prohibition re more than one driver's license.

Sec. 14-44c. Application for commercial driver's license or commercial driver's instruction permit. Penalty.

Sec. 14-44d. Information on commercial driver's license. Classifications.

Sec. 14-44e. Limitations on issuance of commercial driver's license. Qualification standards. Waiver of skills test. Requirements for license endorsement to operate vehicle transporting hazardous materials. Commercial driver's instruction permit.

Sec. 14-44f. Penalties for supplying false information to obtain commercial driver's license.

Sec. 14-44g. Driving record information. Notification of commercial driver's license issuance. Expiration of license. License renewal procedures.

Sec. 14-44h. Expiration and renewal of commercial drivers' licenses.

Sec. 14-44i. Fees for commercial driver's license and tests. Waiver.

Sec. 14-44j. Notification of convictions, suspensions, revocations and cancellations by holder of commercial driver's license. Information re previous employment. Penalty.

Sec. 14-44k. Disqualification from operation of commercial motor vehicles. Disqualification offenses. Lifetime disqualification. Mitigation of lifetime disqualification.

Sec. 14-44l. Notification of traffic convictions.

Sec. 14-44m. Authority to enter into agreements with other jurisdictions.

Sec. 14-44n. Notification of violation to licensing authority of another state.

Sec. 14-44o. Transition requirements re motor vehicle operator's licenses and commercial driver's licenses.

Sec. 14-45. Change of address notice by holder of operator's license or identity card. IV-D support cases. Penalty.

Sec. 14-45a. Regulations re standards for licensing of persons with health problems, referrals to medical advisory board, vision standards. Vision screenings.

Sec. 14-46. Report re persons with chronic health or vision problems.

Sec. 14-46a. Motor Vehicle Operator's License Medical Advisory Board: Definitions.

Sec. 14-46b. Establishment of board. Membership. Compensation. Executive session.

Sec. 14-46c. Responsibilities of board; recommendations.

Sec. 14-46d. Confidential use of reports or records. Testimony re reports or records.

Sec. 14-46e. Recommendations of board to be advisory. Operation of motor vehicle on limited basis. Failure to comply with request of commissioner or board.

Sec. 14-46f. Immunity from civil liability.

Sec. 14-46g. Right of appeal.

Sec. 14-47. Fees for registering motor vehicles eligible for commercial registration and tractors.

Sec. 14-48. Fees for registering commercial tractor and semitrailer as a unit or separately.

Sec. 14-48a. Registration of commercial truck-tractor.

Sec. 14-48b. Registration fee of semitrailer drawn by truck-tractor.

Sec. 14-48c. Registration of commercial motor vehicle engaged in seasonal operations.

Sec. 14-48d. Registration of leased motor vehicle. Regulations.

Sec. 14-49. Fees for miscellaneous registration and other fees.

Sec. 14-49a. Fee for registration for six months or less.

Sec. 14-49b. Registration renewal fee. Passport to the Parks Fee.

Sec. 14-50. Fees for operator's license renewal, passenger endorsement, operator's examination, collection cost and returned check or rejected payment. Waiver of fees.

Sec. 14-50a. Fees for copies, abstracts, duplicates, replacements and searches. Restriction on use of information. Penalty.

Sec. 14-50b. Fee for restoration of operator's license or registration. School bus seat belt account.

Sec. 14-51. Definitions.

Sec. 14-51a. Civil penalties.

Sec. 14-52. New car dealer's, used car dealer's, repairer's and limited repairer's licenses. Cash or surety bonds. Penalty.

Sec. 14-52a. Grounds for refusal to grant or renew a dealer or repairer license.

Sec. 14-52b. Surrender of new car dealer license in event of cancellation, termination or failure to renew franchise by manufacturer. Manufacturer to operate as a dealer on a temporary basis. Issuance of used car dealer's license to entity owned or controlled by a manufacturer. Extension of temporary license.

Sec. 14-53. Location of business to be approved.

Sec. 14-53a. New car dealers to deliver written statement re Magnuson-Moss Warranty act to purchaser of new motor vehicle.

Sec. 14-54. Location to be approved by local building official and local fire marshal.

Sec. 14-55. Hearing.

Sec. 14-56. Commissioner to decide if requested by local authority.

Sec. 14-57. Appeal.

Sec. 14-58. Application. General registration of motor vehicles. Documents to be issued to drivers. Photostatic copies of registration certificate as proof of ownership. Return of void number plates. Penalty.

Sec. 14-59. Special dealers' plates for trucks or other vehicles with commercial registration.

Sec. 14-60. Use of dealers' and repairers' plates.

Sec. 14-61. Issuance of temporary transfer of registration by dealer. Fee. Return of number plates and registration applications by dealer.

Sec. 14-61a. Dealer to file application for permanent registration and certificate of title by electronic transmission.

Sec. 14-61b. Dealer and repairer records, documents and forms maintained in electronic format. Production in written format. Penalty.

Sec. 14-62. Order and invoice on sale of motor vehicle; information required. Dealer preparation charge. Conveyance or processing fee. Certificate of title on sale of used motor vehicle or sale of motor vehicle at auction. Safety inspection of used motor vehicle. Delivery after sale of used motor vehicle.

Sec. 14-62a. Advertisements of prices of motor vehicles. Penalty.

Sec. 14-62b. Sale of used motor vehicle parts.

Sec. 14-62c. Fee on dealer for processing trade-in.

Sec. 14-63. Regulations. Customer complaints. Stipulation by licensees.

Sec. 14-64. Suspension and revocation of licenses. Civil penalties. Restitution orders.

Sec. 14-65. Auction permit. Exception. Regulations. Penalties. Right to void purchase at wholesale dealer auction.

Sec. 14-65a. Exemption of dealers in certain trailers. Authorized transactions of marine dealers.

Sec. 14-65b.Transferred

Secs. 14-65c and 14-65d.Transferred

Sec. 14-65e. Motor vehicle repairs: Definitions.

Sec. 14-65f. (Formerly Sec. 14-65b). Motor vehicle repairs, written or oral authorizations and written acknowledgments. Estimates. Claims. Penalty.

Sec. 14-65g. Waiver of estimates. Record of authorizations and of required information. Estimate of charges for diagnosis. Penalty.

Sec. 14-65h. (Formerly Sec. 14-65c). Invoice requirements for motor vehicle repair work. Return of replaced parts. Penalty.

Sec. 14-65i. (Formerly Sec. 14-65d). Signs required to be posted in motor vehicle repair shops. Penalty.

Sec. 14-65j. False statements. Charges for repairs not performed. Completion of repairs. Penalty.

Sec. 14-65k. Investigations. Subpoenas. Injunctions.

Sec. 14-65l. Motor vehicle repairs: Notice included in appraisal or estimate.

Sec. 14-65m. Motor vehicle repair shop participating in motor vehicle repair program established by an insurer. Written acknowledgment required.

Sec. 14-66. Wreckers. Towing and transporting. Distinguishing number plates. Penalties.

Sec. 14-66a. Regulations.

Sec. 14-66b. Operators of wrecker services to maintain records.

Sec. 14-66c. Sale or disposal of motorized personal property. Penalty.

Sec. 14-67. Qualifications of licensee; bond; fees. Solicitation of service contracts.

Sec. 14-67a. Application for license. Requirements. Renewal.

Sec. 14-67b. Manufacturer's obligations re warranty.

Sec. 14-67c. Suspension or revocation of manufacturer's license. Civil penalty.

Sec. 14-67d. Manufacturer's registrations. Fees. Financial responsibility.

Secs. 14-67e and 14-67f.Reserved

Sec. 14-67g. (Formerly Sec. 21-15). Definitions.

Sec. 14-67h. “Major component parts” defined.

Sec. 14-67i. (Formerly Sec. 21-16). Certificate of approval of location required. Exemption.

Sec. 14-67j. Intermediate processors. Permit and license required. License required to transport vehicles or parts processed by intermediate processors. Records of vehicles or parts received, dismantled or sold. Inspection. Regulations.

Sec. 14-67k. (Formerly Sec. 21-17). Hearing on application. Fee.

Sec. 14-67l. (Formerly Sec. 21-18). License and fees. General registration of motor vehicles. Documents to be issued to drivers of such motor vehicles. Compliance with environmental statutes and regulations.

Sec. 14-67m. (Formerly Sec. 21-18a). Record of vehicles or major component parts received, dismantled or sold. Inspection of records, vehicles, parts and premises. Receipt of certificate of title. Penalty.

Sec. 14-67n. (Formerly Sec. 21-19). Use of general registration restricted. Number plates for motor vehicles being towed. Fees.

Sec. 14-67o. (Formerly Sec. 21-20). Revocation of license upon sale or transfer of business.

Sec. 14-67p. (Formerly Sec. 21-21). Suspension or revocation for violation.

Sec. 14-67q. (Formerly Sec. 21-22). Commissioner may impose conditions concerning establishment and maintenance of yards.

Sec. 14-67r. (Formerly Sec. 21-22a). Fencing.

Sec. 14-67s. (Formerly Sec. 21-23). Ordinances creating restricted districts.

Sec. 14-67t. (Formerly Sec. 21-24). Publication of ordinances.

Sec. 14-67u. (Formerly Sec. 21-25). Appeal.

Sec. 14-67v. (Formerly Sec. 21-26). Penalty. Injunction to restrain violation.

Sec. 14-67w. (Formerly Sec. 21-26a). Scrap metal processors exempted. Receipt of motor vehicles. Required information. Inspection of premises and records. Retention of records. Regulations.

Sec. 14-68. Definitions.

Sec. 14-69. License to conduct a drivers' school. Penalty.

Sec. 14-70. Grounds for denial of application.

Sec. 14-71. Schedule of rates to be filed.

Sec. 14-72. Suspension, revocation or refusal to renew school license.

Sec. 14-73. Instructor's license. Master instructor's license. Regulations.

Sec. 14-74. Suspension, revocation or refusal to renew instructor's license.

Sec. 14-75. Revocation or suspension of license after renewal.

Sec. 14-76. Hearing for reinstatement or renewal. Appeal.

Sec. 14-77. Records of licensee.

Sec. 14-78. Regulations for conduct of drivers' schools and instructor license requirements. Limited license.

Sec. 14-79. Penalty.

Sec. 14-80. Mechanical equipment.

Sec. 14-80a. Maximum noise levels.

Sec. 14-80b. Ball joints and tie rod ends. Prohibition on certain installations and attachments to.

Secs. 14-80c to 14-80g.Reserved

Sec. 14-80h. Brake equipment of motor vehicles. Compression brake device to be equipped with muffler. Penalties.

Sec. 14-80i. Brake equipment and handlebars of motorcycles.

Sec. 14-81. Brake equipment of trailers.

Sec. 14-81a. Hydraulic brake fluid.

Sec. 14-81b. Restrictions on used brake drums and brake discs.

Sec. 14-82. Free-wheeling devices.

Secs. 14-83 to 14-96. Head and rear lights; spotlights; color of lights; reflectors; turn signals; minimum standards; single-beam, multibeam and alternate road-lighting equipment; number of driving lamps; flashing lights; emergency lighting equipment; etc.

Sec. 14-96a. Lighted lamps and illuminating devices required, when.

Sec. 14-96b. Head lamps.

Sec. 14-96c. Tail lamps. Illumination of rear registration plate.

Sec. 14-96d. Reflectors.

Sec. 14-96e. Stop lamps. Turn signals.

Sec. 14-96f. Special requirements for buses, trucks, trailers, truck tractors.

Sec. 14-96g. Colors of lamps and reflectors. Reflective sheeting on certain vehicles.

Sec. 14-96h. Mounting of reflectors and clearance lamps.

Sec. 14-96i. Visibility of reflectors and clearance, identification and side marker lamps.

Sec. 14-96j. Vehicles operated in combination.

Sec. 14-96k. Projecting loads. Carrying of animals.

Sec. 14-96l. Sufficiency of head and rear lights. Parked vehicles.

Sec. 14-96m. Farm tractors and equipment.

Sec. 14-96n. General lighting requirements.

Sec. 14-96o. Spot lamps. Fog lamps. Auxiliary passing lamps. Auxiliary driving lamps.

Sec. 14-96p. Color of lights. Flashing lights. Intensity of lights.

Sec. 14-96q. Permits for colored or flashing lights. Exceptions. Fee.

Sec. 14-96r. Color of stop lamps. Turn signal lamps.

Sec. 14-96s. Fender, backup and identification lamps. Penalties.

Sec. 14-96t. Multiple-beam road-lighting equipment.

Sec. 14-96u. Use of multiple-beam road-lighting equipment.

Secs. 14-96v and 14-96w. Single-beam road-lighting equipment. Distance forward lights to illuminate.

Sec. 14-96x. Head lamp of motorcycle.

Sec. 14-96y. Number of head lamps. Number in combination with other lamps.

Sec. 14-96z. Intensity of certain lamps. Location of red light.

Sec. 14-96aa. Standards and specifications for lamps for snow-removal and highway maintenance equipment.

Sec. 14-96bb. Operation of motor vehicles without required lighting devices.

Sec. 14-96cc. Regulation of hazardous lighting equipment.

Sec. 14-97. Defrosting devices on school buses and motor vehicles used to transport passengers for hire.

Sec. 14-97a. Emergency lighting or reflecting devices on motor vehicles used to transport passengers for hire and motor vehicles with commercial registration.

Sec. 14-97b. Lift equipment on motor buses.

Sec. 14-98. Tires.

Sec. 14-98a. Tires to be in safe operating condition.

Sec. 14-99. Mirror. Motor vehicles with commercial registration to allow others to pass.

Secs. 14-99a to 14-99e.Reserved

Sec. 14-99f. Windshield. Obstruction of view.

Sec. 14-99g. Definitions. Tinted or reflectorized windows. Obstruction of view prohibited. Exceptions. Sale or delivery of motor vehicles having tinted or reflectorized windows prohibited. Stickers required. Penalty. Window tinting businesses. Regulations.

Sec. 14-99h. Etching of vehicle identification numbers. Marking of component parts. Penalty. Regulations.

Sec. 14-100. Safety glass. Use of plastics.

Sec. 14-100a. Seat safety belts. Child restraint systems. Wheelchair transportation devices.

Sec. 14-100b. Air pollution control devices required on certain passenger motor vehicles.

Sec. 14-100c.Transferred

Sec. 14-101. Turn signals.

Sec. 14-102. View in and exits from motor vehicles used to transport passengers for hire.

Sec. 14-102a. Inspection of student transportation vehicles.

Sec. 14-103. Inspection of motor vehicles.

Sec. 14-103a. Inspection of reassembled, altered or reconstructed vehicles. Composite vehicles. Vehicles made by unlicensed manufacturers.

Sec. 14-103b. High-mileage vehicles, regulations re safety and performance standards.

Sec. 14-103c. Vehicles using liquid propane gas as fuel.

Sec. 14-103d. Vehicles using any pressurized gas as fuel. Regulations. Class C misdemeanor.

Sec. 14-104. Fenders and other wheel protectors.

Sec. 14-105. Television screens or similar devices prohibited. Exceptions.

Sec. 14-106. Air conditioning equipment.

Sec. 14-106a. Tamper-resistant odometer required. Mileage reading required on registration application.

Sec. 14-106b. Properly functioning odometer required. Tampering with odometer prohibited.

Sec. 14-106c. Headerboards required on commercial van-type motor vehicles.

Sec. 14-106d. Sale, offer for sale, manufacture, importation or installation of counterfeit or nonfunctional air bag prohibited. Unfair or deceptive trade practice. Penalty.

Sec. 14-107. Liability of owner, operator, lessee.

Sec. 14-108. Report of accidents.

Sec. 14-108a. Uniform investigation of accident report. Requirements and policy for identifying and notifying person's family or household member of motor vehicle accident in which person was killed.

Secs. 14-108b, 14-108c and 14-109. Statistical information based on reports. Report of accident involving unlicensed operator under instruction. Coroner to investigate fatal motor vehicle accidents.

Sec. 14-110. Oaths and subpoenas. False statements or reports.

Sec. 14-111. Suspension or revocation of registration, license or right to operate.

Sec. 14-111a. Possession of alcoholic liquors in motor vehicles by underage persons.

Sec. 14-111b. Suspension of operator's license following conviction for speeding.

Secs. 14-111c and 14-111d. Driver License Compact. Definitions applicable to Driver License Compact; comparable convictions to be reported; report of suspension or revocation action to department.

Sec. 14-111e. Suspension or delay in issuance of operator's license for person under twenty-one years of age convicted of certain violations.

Sec. 14-111f. Suspension of operator's license for possession of counterfeit or altered license.

Sec. 14-111g. Operator's retraining program.

Sec. 14-111h. Definitions applicable to driver license agreement.

Sec. 14-111i. Entry into driver license agreement. Regulations.

Sec. 14-111j. Findings and declarations re driver license agreement.

Sec. 14-111k. Application for a motor vehicle operator's license from applicants in other member jurisdictions.

Sec. 14-111l. Driver control record. Record of convictions and administrative actions.

Sec. 14-111m. Notice of failure to comply with a citation.

Sec. 14-111n. Reports of comparable convictions. Suspension of operator's license.

Sec. 14-111o. Form and use in evidence of records received from other member jurisdictions. Electronic transmission.

Sec. 14-111p. Validity of reports or records received from members of the Driver License Compact.

Sec. 14-111q. Hearing.

Sec. 14-112. Proof of financial responsibility.

Sec. 14-112a. Online Insurance Verification System.

Secs. 14-113 to 14-115. Financial responsibility of motor vehicle owners and operators required after accident; definitions. Administration by Motor Vehicle Commissioner; hearings; appeals. Abstract of operating record.

Sec. 14-115a. Request for document from motor vehicle record.

Secs. 14-116 to 14-128. Accident reports. Determination of amount of security; suspension of license and registration; exceptions; liability policy or bond. Release in behalf of minor. Exceptions. Duration of suspension. Unlicensed or nonresident operators; reciprocity. Amount of security, reduction. Custody, use and return of deposits. Evidence inadmissible in damage actions. Suspension pending disposition of judgment. Transfer of registration or ownership during suspension. Return of license or registration to commissioner. Governmental and public service vehicles exempt.

Sec. 14-129. Self-insurance.

Sec. 14-130.Transferred

Secs. 14-131 to 14-133. Discharge in bankruptcy not to release judgment debtor. Relief under other statutes. Penalties.

Sec. 14-134. Appeals from commissioner.

Sec. 14-135. Attorney General to act when commissioner is disqualified.

Sec. 14-136. First complaint.

Sec. 14-137. Authority to make regulations and certify or limit the use of devices and equipment.

Sec. 14-137a. Point system for motor vehicle violations.

Sec. 14-138. State police to assist.

Sec. 14-139. Conviction to be endorsed on license.

Sec. 14-140. Release on own recognizance. Report of failure to appear or to pay fine or fee, surcharge or cost. Reciprocal agreements. Opening of judgment.

Sec. 14-140a. Automobile club bail bond certificates, when acceptable as bail.

Sec. 14-141. Courts to report convictions and other dispositions to commissioner.

Sec. 14-142. Proceedings against negligent court clerk.

Sec. 14-143. Expenses in unsuccessful prosecutions by state police.

Sec. 14-144. No fees for arrests for motor vehicle violations.

Sec. 14-145. Towing or removal of motor vehicle from private property. Use of a wheel-locking device. Regulations. Prohibition re issuance of parking citation. Exemption. Penalty.

Sec. 14-145a. Towing, removal or use of wheel-locking device prohibited except upon express instruction of property owner or lessee or for repossession. Rebate prohibited.

Sec. 14-145b. Storage and release of motor vehicles that have been towed or rendered immovable.

Sec. 14-145c. Liability of property owner, lessee or lending institution for improper towing or removal of motor vehicle or use of a wheel-locking device.

Sec. 14-145d. Notification to chief of police required prior to use of wheel-locking device.

Sec. 14-146. Objects not to be thrown at motor vehicles.

Sec. 14-147. Improper use of marker, registration or license.

Sec. 14-147a. Theft or illegal possession of number plate or sticker.

Sec. 14-148. Abandoned markers.

Sec. 14-149. Mutilated or removed vehicle identification, factory or engine number. Discovery of vehicle reported as stolen or of vehicle or major component part with mutilated or missing identification, engine or factory number. Disposition of vehicle or part held in custody. Penalty. Fee.

Sec. 14-149a. Ownership or operation of a chop shop. Penalty.

Sec. 14-150. Abandoned or unregistered motor vehicles and motor vehicles which are a menace to traffic. Notice. Removal. Storage. Hearing. Lien. Affidavit of compliance. Sale. Regulations re title to abandoned motor vehicles and re disposal of motor homes or recreational vehicles abandoned at campgrounds.

Sec. 14-150a. Removal of abandoned motor vehicles by municipalities. Notice.

Sec. 14-150b. Municipal Abandoned Vehicle Trust Fund.

Sec. 14-151. State marshals and constables to enforce law concerning abandoned motor vehicles.

Sec. 14-151a. Report by owner or person in lawful possession of theft of motor vehicle. Regulations re uniform procedure. Report as condition precedent to settling insurance claim.

Sec. 14-152. Report by law enforcement agencies of theft or recovery of motor vehicle.

Sec. 14-153. Renting of motor vehicles.

Sec. 14-153a. Exemption. Penalty.

Sec. 14-153b. Proof of credit.

Sec. 14-154. Liability of owner for damage caused by rented or leased car.

Sec. 14-154a. Liability of owner for damage caused by rented or leased motor vehicle. Exceptions.

Sec. 14-155. Fines and forfeitures to be paid to commissioner.

Sec. 14-156. Receipts of Department of Motor Vehicles to be credited to Special Transportation Fund.

Sec. 14-156a. Payment of State Police Department expenditures from Highway Fund.

Sec. 14-157.Transferred

Sec. 14-158. Fines and forfeitures paid to commissioner to be receipts of General Fund.

Sec. 14-159. Refund of money paid to commissioner.

Sec. 14-160. Reservation of marker plate numbers. Additional fee for low numbers.

Sec. 14-161. Impersonation of inspector or agent.

Sec. 14-162. Ordinances.

Sec. 14-163. Commissioner to provide lists of motor vehicle and snowmobile owners to town assessors. Disclosure by assessor or tax collector prohibited.

Sec. 14-163a. Driving on ice.

Sec. 14-163b. Motor vehicles formerly used as ambulances.

Sec. 14-163c. Motor carrier safety regulations for intrastate or interstate commerce. Variations or exemptions. Enforcement powers of police officers and motor vehicle inspectors.

Sec. 14-163d. Vehicles in intrastate or interstate commerce. Evidence of security requirements or insurance. Suspension of registration.

Sec. 14-163e. Periodic inspection of certain vehicles or combinations.

Sec. 14-163f. Eligibility for commercial motor vehicle services contracts with state or municipalities.

Sec. 14-163g. Transportation of hazardous materials. Applicable federal regulations. Enforcement powers of motor vehicle inspectors and police officers.

Sec. 14-164. General penalty.

Sec. 14-164a. (Formerly Sec. 29-143). Motor vehicle racing.


PART I

DEFINITIONS

Sec. 14-1. Definitions. Terms used in this chapter shall be construed as follows, unless another construction is clearly apparent from the language or context in which the term is used or unless the construction is inconsistent with the manifest intention of the General Assembly:

(1) “Activity vehicle” means a student transportation vehicle that is used to transport students in connection with school-sponsored events and activities, but is not used to transport students to and from school;

(2) “Agricultural tractor” means a tractor or other form of nonmuscular motive power used for transporting, hauling, plowing, cultivating, planting, harvesting, reaping or other agricultural purposes on any farm or other private property, or used for the purpose of transporting, from one farm to another, agricultural implements and farm products, provided the agricultural tractor is not used on any highway for transporting a pay load or for some other commercial purpose;

(3) “Antique, rare or special interest motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle twenty years old or older which is being preserved because of historic interest and which is not altered or modified from the original manufacturer's specifications;

(4) “Apparent candle power” means an illumination equal to the normal illumination in foot candles produced by any lamp or lamps, divided by the square of the distance in feet between the lamp or lamps and the point at which the measurement is made;

(5) “Authorized emergency vehicle” means (A) a fire department vehicle, (B) a police vehicle, or (C) a public service company or municipal department ambulance or emergency vehicle designated or authorized for use as an authorized emergency vehicle by the commissioner;

(6) “Autocycle” means a motor vehicle that meets the requirements of a motorcycle under 49 CFR Part 571, and (A) does not have more than three wheels in contact with the ground, (B) is designed to be controlled with a steering wheel and foot pedals for acceleration, braking or shifting, (C) has a seat or seats that are fully or partially enclosed and in which the occupants sit with their legs forward, and (D) is equipped with safety belts, in accordance with section 14-100a, for all occupants;

(7) “Auxiliary driving lamp” means an additional lighting device on a motor vehicle used primarily to supplement the general illumination in front of a motor vehicle provided by the motor vehicle's head lamps;

(8) “Bulb” means a light source consisting of a glass bulb containing a filament or substance capable of being electrically maintained at incandescence;

(9) “Camp trailer” includes any trailer designed for living or sleeping purposes and used exclusively for camping or recreational purposes;

(10) “Camp trailer registration” means the type of registration issued to any trailer that is for nonbusiness use and is limited to camp trailers and utility trailers;

(11) “Camp vehicle” means any motor vehicle that is regularly used to transport persons under eighteen years of age in connection with the activities of any youth camp, as defined in section 19a-420;

(12) “Camper” means any motor vehicle designed or permanently altered in such a way as to provide temporary living quarters for travel, camping or recreational purposes;

(13) “Class 1 electric bicycle” means an electric bicycle equipped with a motor that engages only when the rider operates the electric bicycle's foot pedals, and disengages when the rider stops pedaling or such electric bicycle reaches the speed of twenty miles per hour;

(14) “Class 2 electric bicycle” means an electric bicycle equipped with a motor that may be used exclusively to propel the electric bicycle, and disengages when the brakes are applied or such electric bicycle reaches the speed of twenty miles per hour;

(15) “Class 3 electric bicycle” means an electric bicycle equipped with a motor that engages only when the rider operates the electric bicycle's foot pedals, and disengages when the rider stops pedaling or such electric bicycle reaches the speed of twenty-eight miles per hour;

(16) “Combination registration” means the type of registration issued to a motor vehicle used for both private passenger and commercial purposes if such vehicle does not have a gross vehicle weight rating in excess of twelve thousand five hundred pounds;

(17) “Commercial driver's license” or “CDL” means a license issued to an individual in accordance with the provisions of sections 14-44a to 14-44m, inclusive, which authorizes such individual to drive a commercial motor vehicle;

(18) “Commercial driver's license information system” or “CDLIS” means the national database of holders of commercial driver's licenses established by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration pursuant to Section 12007 of the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986;

(19) “Commercial motor vehicle” means a vehicle designed or used to transport passengers or property, except a vehicle used for farming purposes in accordance with 49 CFR 383.3(d), fire fighting apparatus or an emergency vehicle, as defined in section 14-283, or a recreational vehicle in private use, which (A) has a gross vehicle weight rating of twenty-six thousand and one pounds or more, or a gross combination weight rating of twenty-six thousand and one pounds or more, inclusive of a towed unit or units with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than ten thousand pounds; (B) is designed to transport sixteen or more passengers, including the driver, or is designed to transport more than ten passengers, including the driver, and is used to transport students under the age of twenty-one years to and from school; or (C) is transporting hazardous materials and is required to be placarded in accordance with 49 CFR 172, Subpart F, as amended, or any quantity of a material listed as a select agent or toxin in 42 CFR Part 73;

(20) “Commercial registration” means the type of registration required for any motor vehicle designed or used to transport merchandise, freight or persons in connection with any business enterprise, unless a more specific type of registration is authorized and issued by the commissioner for such class of vehicle;

(21) “Commercial trailer” means a trailer used in the conduct of a business to transport freight, materials or equipment whether or not permanently affixed to the bed of the trailer;

(22) “Commercial trailer registration” means the type of registration issued to any commercial trailer;

(23) “Commissioner” includes the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles and any assistant to the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles who is designated and authorized by, and who is acting for, the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles under a designation; except that the deputy commissioners of motor vehicles and the Attorney General are deemed, unless the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles otherwise provides, to be designated and authorized by, and acting for, the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles under a designation;

(24) “Controlled substance” has the same meaning as provided in section 21a-240 and the federal laws and regulations incorporated in chapter 420b;

(25) “Conviction” means an unvacated adjudication of guilt, or a determination that a person has violated or failed to comply with the law in a court of original jurisdiction or an authorized administrative tribunal, an unvacated forfeiture of bail or collateral deposited to secure the person's appearance in court, the payment of a fine or court cost, or violation of a condition of release without bail, regardless of whether or not the penalty is rebated, suspended or probated;

(26) “Dealer” includes any person actively engaged in buying, selling or exchanging motor vehicles or trailers who has an established place of business in this state and who may, incidental to such business, repair motor vehicles or trailers, or cause them to be repaired by persons in his or her employ;

(27) “Disqualification” means a withdrawal of the privilege to drive a commercial motor vehicle, which occurs as a result of (A) any suspension, revocation, or cancellation by the commissioner of the privilege to operate a motor vehicle; (B) a determination by the Federal Highway Administration, under the rules of practice for motor carrier safety contained in 49 CFR 386, as amended from time to time, that a person is no longer qualified to operate a commercial motor vehicle under the standards set forth in 49 CFR 391, as amended from time to time; or (C) the loss of qualification which follows any of the convictions or administrative actions specified in section 14-44k;

(28) “Drive” means to drive, operate or be in physical control of a motor vehicle, including a motor vehicle being towed by another;

(29) “Driver” means any person who drives, operates or is in physical control of a commercial motor vehicle, or who is required to hold a commercial driver's license;

(30) “Driver's license” or “operator's license” means a valid Connecticut motor vehicle operator's license or a license issued by another state or foreign jurisdiction authorizing the holder thereof to operate a motor vehicle on the highways;

(31) “Electric bicycle” means a bicycle equipped with operable foot pedals and an electric motor of fewer than seven hundred fifty watts of power that is either a class 1, class 2 or class 3 bicycle. “Electric bicycle” does not include a dirt bike or an all-terrain vehicle;

(32) “Electric foot scooter” means a device (A) that weighs not more than seventy-five pounds, (B) that has two or three wheels, handlebars and a floorboard that can be stood upon while riding, (C) that is powered by an electric motor and human power, and (D) whose maximum speed, with or without human propulsion on a paved level surface, is not more than twenty miles per hour;

(33) “Employee” means any operator of a commercial motor vehicle, including full-time, regularly employed drivers, casual, intermittent or occasional drivers, drivers under contract and independent owner-operator contractors, who, while in the course of operating a commercial motor vehicle, are either directly employed by, or are under contract to, an employer;

(34) “Employer” means any person, including the United States, a state or any political subdivision thereof, who owns or leases a commercial motor vehicle, or assigns a person to drive a commercial motor vehicle;

(35) “Farm implement” means a vehicle designed and adapted exclusively for agricultural, horticultural or livestock-raising operations and which is not operated on a highway for transporting a pay load or for any other commercial purpose;

(36) “Felony” means any offense, as defined in section 53a-25 and includes any offense designated as a felony under federal law;

(37) “Fatality” means the death of a person as a result of a motor vehicle accident;

(38) Foreign jurisdiction” means any jurisdiction other than a state of the United States;

7 pounds per square inch absolute, and (C) any liquid commonly referred to as “gasohol” which is prepared, advertised, offered for sale or sold for use, or commonly and commercially used, as a fuel in internal combustion engines, consisting of a blend of gasoline and a minimum of ten per cent by volume of ethyl or methyl alcohol;

(40) “Garage” includes every place of business where motor vehicles are, for compensation, received for housing, storage or repair;

(41) “Gross vehicle weight rating” or “GVWR” means the value specified by the manufacturer as the maximum loaded weight of a single or a combination (articulated) vehicle. The GVWR of a combination (articulated) vehicle commonly referred to as the “gross combination weight rating” or GCWR is the GVWR of the power unit plus the GVWR of the towed unit or units;

(42) “Gross weight” means the light weight of a vehicle plus the weight of any load on the vehicle, provided, in the case of a tractor-trailer unit, “gross weight” means the light weight of the tractor plus the light weight of the trailer or semitrailer plus the weight of the load on the vehicle;

(43) “Hazardous materials” has the same meaning as provided in 49 CFR 383.5;

(44) “Head lamp” means a lighting device affixed to the front of a motor vehicle projecting a high intensity beam which lights the road in front of the vehicle so that it can proceed safely during the hours of darkness;

(45) “High-mileage vehicle” means a motor vehicle having the following characteristics: (A) Not less than three wheels in contact with the ground; (B) a completely enclosed seat on which the driver sits; (C) a single or two cylinder, gasoline or diesel engine or an electric-powered engine; and (D) efficient fuel consumption;

(46) “Highway” includes any state or other public highway, road, street, avenue, alley, driveway, parkway, place or dedicated roadway for bus rapid transit service, under the control of the state or any political subdivision of the state, dedicated, appropriated or opened to public travel or other use;

(47) “Imminent hazard” means the existence of a condition that presents a substantial likelihood that death, serious illness, severe personal injury or a substantial endangerment to health, property, or the environment may occur before the reasonably foreseeable completion date of a formal proceeding begun to lessen the risk of that death, illness, injury or endangerment;

(48) “Intersecting highway” includes any public highway which joins another at an angle whether or not it crosses the other;

(49) “Light weight” means the weight of an unloaded motor vehicle as ordinarily equipped and ready for use, exclusive of the weight of the operator of the motor vehicle;

(50) “Limited access highway” means a state highway so designated under the provisions of section 13b-27;

(51) “Local authorities” includes the board of aldermen, common council, chief of police, warden and burgesses, board of selectmen or other officials having authority for the enactment or enforcement of traffic regulations within their respective towns, cities or boroughs;

(52) “Maintenance vehicle” means any vehicle in use by the state or by any town, city, borough or district, any state bridge or parkway authority or any public service company, as defined in section 16-1, in the maintenance of public highways or bridges and facilities located within the limits of public highways or bridges;

(53) “Manufacturer” means (A) a person, whether a resident or nonresident, engaged in the business of constructing or assembling new motor vehicles of a type required to be registered by the commissioner, for operation upon any highway, except a utility trailer, which are offered for sale in this state, or (B) a person who distributes new motor vehicles to new car dealers licensed in this state;

(54) “Median divider” means an intervening space or physical barrier or clearly indicated dividing section separating traffic lanes provided for vehicles proceeding in opposite directions;

(55) “Modified antique motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle twenty years old or older which has been modified for safe road use, including, but not limited to, modifications to the drive train, suspension, braking system and safety or comfort apparatus;

(56) “Motor bus” includes any motor vehicle, except a taxicab, as defined in section 13b-95, operated in whole or in part on any street or highway in a manner affording a means of transportation by indiscriminately receiving or discharging passengers, or running on a regular route or over any portion of a regular route or between fixed termini;

(57) “Motor home” means a vehicular unit designed to provide living quarters and necessary amenities which are built into an integral part of, or permanently attached to, a truck or van chassis;

(58) “Motor-driven cycle” means any of the following vehicles that have a seat height of not less than twenty-six inches and a motor having a capacity of less than fifty cubic centimeters piston displacement: (A) A motorcycle, other than an autocycle; (B) a motor scooter; or (C) a bicycle with attached motor, except an electric bicycle;

(60) “Motorcycle” means (A) an autocycle, as defined in this section, or (B) a motor vehicle, with or without a side car, that has (i) not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, (ii) a saddle or seat which the rider straddles or a platform on which the rider stands, and (iii) handlebars with which the rider controls the movement of the vehicle. “Motorcycle” does not include a motor-driven cycle, an electric bicycle or an electric foot scooter;

(61) “National Driver Registry” or “NDR” means the licensing information system and database operated by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and established pursuant to the National Driver Registry Act of 1982, as amended;

(62) “New motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle, the equitable or legal title to which has never been transferred by a manufacturer, distributor or dealer to an ultimate consumer;

(63) “Nonresident” means any person whose legal residence is in a state other than Connecticut or in a foreign country;

(64) “Nonresident commercial driver's license” or “nonresident CDL” means a commercial driver's license issued by a state to an individual who resides in a foreign jurisdiction;

(65) “Nonskid device” means any device applied to the tires, wheels, axles or frame of a motor vehicle for the purpose of increasing the traction of the motor vehicle;

(66) “Number plate” means any sign or marker furnished by the commissioner on which is displayed the registration number assigned to a motor vehicle by the commissioner;

(67) “Officer” includes any constable, state marshal, inspector of motor vehicles, state policeman or other official authorized to make arrests or to serve process, provided the officer is in uniform or displays the officer's badge of office in a conspicuous place when making an arrest;

(68) “Operator” means any person who operates a motor vehicle or who steers or directs the course of a motor vehicle being towed by another motor vehicle and includes a driver;

(69) “Out-of-service order” means an order (A) issued by a person having inspection authority, as defined in regulations adopted by the commissioner pursuant to section 14-163c, or by an authorized official of the United States Department of Transportation Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration pursuant to any provision of federal law, to prohibit any motor vehicle specified in subsection (a) of section 14-163c from being operated on any highway, or to prohibit a driver from operating any such motor vehicle, or (B) issued by the United States Department of Transportation Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, pursuant to any provision of federal law, to prohibit any motor carrier, as defined in Section 386.2 of Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, from engaging in commercial motor vehicle operations;

(70) “Owner” means any person holding title to a motor vehicle, or having the legal right to register the same, including purchasers under conditional bills of sale;

(71) “Parked vehicle” means a motor vehicle in a stationary position within the limits of a public highway;

(72) “Passenger and commercial motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle used for private passenger and commercial purposes which is eligible for combination registration;

(73) “Passenger motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle used for the private transportation of persons and their personal belongings, designed to carry occupants in comfort and safety, with a capacity of carrying not more than ten passengers including the operator thereof;

(74) “Passenger registration” means the type of registration issued to a passenger motor vehicle unless a more specific type of registration is authorized and issued by the commissioner for such class of vehicle;

(75) “Person” includes any individual, corporation, limited liability company, association, copartnership, company, firm, business trust or other aggregation of individuals but does not include the state or any political subdivision thereof, unless the context clearly states or requires;

(76) “Pick-up truck” means a motor vehicle with an enclosed forward passenger compartment and an open rearward compartment used for the transportation of property;

(77) “Pneumatic tires” means tires inflated or inflatable with air;

(78) “Pole trailer” means a trailer which is (A) intended for transporting long or irregularly shaped loads such as poles, logs, pipes or structural members, which loads are capable of sustaining themselves as beams between supporting connections, and (B) designed to be drawn by a motor vehicle and attached or secured directly to the motor vehicle by any means including a reach, pole or boom;

(79) “Public passenger endorsement” means an endorsement issued to an individual, which authorizes such individual to transport passengers, including, but not limited to, passengers who are students in accordance with subsection (b) or (c) of section 14-36a;

(80) “Recreational vehicle” includes the camper, camp trailer and motor home classes of vehicles;

(81) “Registration” includes the certificate of motor vehicle registration and the number plate or plates used in connection with such registration;

(82) “Registration number” means the identifying number or letters, or both, assigned by the commissioner to a motor vehicle;

(83) “Resident”, for the purpose of registering motor vehicles, includes any person who is a legal resident of this state, as the commissioner may presume from the fact that such person occupies a place of dwelling in this state for more than six months in a year, or any person, firm or corporation owning or leasing a motor vehicle used or operated in intrastate business in this state, or a firm or corporation having its principal office or place of business in this state;

(84) “School bus” means any school bus, as defined in section 14-275, including a commercial motor vehicle used to transport preschool, elementary school or secondary school students from home to school, from school to home, or to and from school-sponsored events, but does not include a bus used as a common carrier;

(85) “Second” violation or “subsequent” violation means an offense committed not more than three years after the date of an arrest which resulted in a previous conviction for a violation of the same statutory provision, except in the case of a violation of section 14-215, 14-224, 14-227a or 14-227m, “second” violation or “subsequent” violation means an offense committed not more than ten years after the date of an arrest which resulted in a previous conviction for a violation of the same statutory provision;

(86) “Semitrailer” means any trailer type vehicle designed and used in conjunction with a motor vehicle so that some part of its own weight and load rests on or is carried by another vehicle;

(88) “Service bus” includes any vehicle except a vanpool vehicle or a school bus designed and regularly used to carry ten or more passengers when used in private service for the transportation of persons without charge to the individual;

(89) “Service car” means any motor vehicle used by a manufacturer, dealer or repairer for emergency motor vehicle repairs on the highways of this state, for towing or for the transportation of necessary persons, tools and materials to and from the scene of such emergency repairs or towing;

(90) “Shoulder” means that portion of a highway immediately adjacent and contiguous to the travel lanes or main traveled portion of the roadway;

(91) “Solid tires” means tires of rubber, or other elastic material approved by the Commissioner of Transportation, which do not depend on confined air for the support of the load;

(92) “Spot lamp” or “spot light” means a lighting device projecting a high intensity beam, the direction of which can be readily controlled for special or emergency lighting as distinguished from ordinary road illumination;

(93) “State” means any state of the United States and the District of Columbia unless the context indicates a more specific reference to the state of Connecticut;

(94) “Stop” means complete cessation of movement;

(95) “Student” means any person under the age of twenty-one years who is attending a preprimary, primary or secondary school program of education;

(96) “Tail lamp” means a lighting device affixed to the rear of a motor vehicle showing a red light to the rear and indicating the presence of the motor vehicle when viewed from behind;

(97) “Tank vehicle” means any commercial motor vehicle designed to transport any liquid or gaseous material within a tank that is either permanently or temporarily attached to the vehicle or its chassis, which includes, but is not limited to, a cargo tank and portable tank, as defined in 49 CFR 383.5, as amended, provided it does not include a portable tank with a rated capacity not to exceed one thousand gallons;

(98) “Tractor” or “truck tractor” means a motor vehicle designed and used for drawing a semitrailer;

(99) “Tractor-trailer unit” means a combination of a tractor and a trailer or a combination of a tractor and a semitrailer;

(100) “Trailer” means any rubber-tired vehicle without motive power drawn or propelled by a motor vehicle;

(101) “Truck” means a motor vehicle designed, used or maintained primarily for the transportation of property;

(102) “Ultimate consumer” means, with respect to a motor vehicle, the first person, other than a dealer, who in good faith purchases the motor vehicle for purposes other than resale;

(103) “United States” means the fifty states and the District of Columbia;

(104) “Used motor vehicle” includes any motor vehicle which has been previously separately registered by an ultimate consumer;

(105) “Utility trailer” means a trailer designed and used to transport personal property, materials or equipment, whether or not permanently affixed to the bed of the trailer;

(106) “Vanpool vehicle” includes all motor vehicles, the primary purpose of which is the daily transportation, on a prearranged nonprofit basis, of individuals between home and work, and which: (A) If owned by or leased to a person, or to an employee of the person, or to an employee of a local, state or federal government unit or agency located in Connecticut, are manufactured and equipped in such manner as to provide a seating capacity of at least seven but not more than fifteen individuals, or (B) if owned by or leased to a regional ride-sharing organization in the state recognized by the Commissioner of Transportation, are manufactured and equipped in such manner as to provide a seating capacity of at least six but not more than nineteen individuals;

(107) “Vehicle” includes any device suitable for the conveyance, drawing or other transportation of persons or property, whether operated on wheels, runners, a cushion of air or by any other means. The term does not include devices propelled or drawn by human power or devices used exclusively on tracks;

(108) “Vehicle identification number” or “VIN” means a series of Arabic numbers and Roman letters that is assigned to each new motor vehicle that is manufactured within or imported into the United States, in accordance with the provisions of 49 CFR 565, unless another sequence of numbers and letters has been assigned to a motor vehicle by the commissioner, in accordance with the provisions of section 14-149;

(109) “Wrecker” means a vehicle which is registered, designed, equipped and used for the purposes of towing or transporting wrecked or disabled motor vehicles for compensation or for related purposes by a person, firm or corporation licensed in accordance with the provisions of subpart (D) of part III of this chapter or a vehicle contracted for the consensual towing or transporting of one or more motor vehicles to or from a place of sale, purchase, salvage or repair.

(1949 Rev., S. 2350; 1953, S. 1278d, 1281d; 1955, S. 1279d, 1280d; 1959, P.A. 162; 283, S. 1; 1961, P.A. 233, S. 10; 1963, P.A. 560; February, 1965, P.A. 414, S. 1; 448, S. 1, 2, 3; 1967, P.A. 454, S. 1; 799; 821; 1969, P.A. 189; 569, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 355, S. 1, 2; 416, S. 2; 629; 740, S. 1; 848, S. 1, 2; 1972, P.A. 255, S. 1; P.A. 73-676, S. 1; P.A. 75-253, S. 1, 2; P.A. 76-250, S. 2, 3, 4; P.A. 77-67; P.A. 79-25, S. 1; 79-175, S. 2, 3; 79-244, S. 1, 5, 6; 79-627, S. 5, 6; P.A. 80-466, S. 2, 25; P.A. 81-394, S. 1; P.A. 82-460, S. 1, 2, 9; 82-472, S. 39, 183; P.A. 83-224, S. 1, 2; 83-278; 83-431, S. 2; 83-587, S. 67, 96; P.A. 84-429, S. 1; 84-546, S. 37, 173; P.A. 86-383, S. 1, 6; P.A. 88-245, S. 1, 7; P.A. 90-263, S. 1, 74; P.A. 91-272, S. 5, 8; P.A. 93-341, S. 1, 38; P.A. 95-79, S. 39, 189; 95-314, S. 4; P.A. 97-236, S. 23, 27; P.A. 99-268, S. 1, 2, 29; P.A. 00-35, S. 1; 00-99, S. 44, 154; 00-169, S. 22, 35; P.A. 02-70, S. 1, 17; P.A. 03-265, S. 5; P.A. 04-199, S. 7; 04-217, S. 1; P.A. 05-218, S. 2, 3, 15, 16, 42, 43; P.A. 06-130, S. 15; P.A. 07-167, S. 1–3, 38; P.A. 08-150, S. 1; P.A. 09-187, S. 34, 41, 49, 54; P.A. 10-32, S. 46; 10-110, S. 37; P.A. 11-213, S. 51, 52, 61; P.A. 12-81, S. 26; P.A. 13-271, S. 3–5; 13-277, S. 8; P.A. 14-130, S. 2; P.A. 15-46, S. 1; P.A. 16-55, S. 13; 16-126, S. 6; P.A. 17-202, S. 42; P.A. 18-165, S. 3; P.A. 19-119, S. 21; 19-162, S. 1.)

History: 1959 acts added Subsecs. (21) and (51); 1961 act redefined “used or secondhand motor vehicle” in and added definitions of “new motor vehicle” and “ultimate consumer” to Subsec. (55); 1963 act redefined “second” or “subsequent” violation in Subsec. (44); 1965 acts added snow and lawn machines to Subsec. (26), “driver” to Subsec. (32) and Subsecs. (6), (14), (23), (39), (48) and (54); 1967 acts added Subsecs. (57) and (58) defining “tractor” or “truck tractor” and “wrecker” or “wrecker vehicle” and redefined “resident” in Subsec. (42) to delete persons carrying on business or engaged in occupation for more than six months a year; 1969 acts redefined “motor vehicle” in Subsec. (26) to exclude golf carts and added Subsec. (59) defining “farm implements”; 1971 acts redefined “gross weight” in Subsec. (14) to include special provision re tractor-trailer units, redefined “officer” in Subsec. (31) to include sheriffs and deputy sheriffs, redefined “manufacturer” in Subsec. (22), redefined “vehicle” in Subsec. (56) to include vehicles operated on cushions of air and to delete requirement that machine be suitable for use on highways and added Subsecs. (60) and (61) defining “tractor-trailer unit” and “limited access highway”; 1972 act redefined “manufacturer” in Subsec. (22) to include distributor of vehicles to new car dealers; P.A. 73-676 added Subsec. (62) defining “minibike” or “minicycle”; P.A. 75-253 redefined “motorcycle” to exclude vehicles with wholly or partially enclosed drivers' seat with motor outside enclosed area; P.A. 76-250 excluded bicycles with helper motors in Subsecs. (25) defining “motorcycle” and Subsec. (26) defining “motor vehicle”; P.A. 77-67 redefined “motor vehicles” in Subsec. (26) to delete requirement that vehicle be suitable for operation on a highway, to exclude vehicles used at mass transit facilities other than railroads and vehicles not suitable for operation on highway; P.A. 79-25 added Subsecs. (63) and (64) defining “antique, rare or special interest motor vehicle” and “modified antique motor vehicle”; P.A. 79-175 added Subsec. (65) defining “vanpool vehicle”; P.A. 79-244 also added Subsec. (65) re vanpool vehicles and excluded vanpool vehicles from definitions of “public service motor vehicle” and “service bus” in Subsecs. (40) and (46); P.A. 79-627 included gasohol in Subsec. (12) defining “fuels”, effective July 1, 1979, and applicable to fuel sold on or after that date; P.A. 80-466 amended definition of “motor vehicle registration” in Subsec. (27) to reflect use of single license plate; P.A. 81-394 added Subdiv. (66) defining “high-mileage vehicle”; P.A. 82-460 redefined “passenger motor vehicle” to specify applicability to vehicles capable of carrying not more than ten passengers, redefined “commercial motor vehicle”, deleting limitations re use in business of registrant and propulsion method and redefined “passenger and commercial motor vehicle”, deleting requirement that vehicles be “designed for use” for passenger and commercial purposes; P.A. 82-472 made technical corrections in definition of “high-mileage vehicle”; P.A. 83-224 amended Subdiv. (26) to exclude from the definition of a motor vehicle, golf cart type vehicles operated by state employees on state institution grounds; P.A. 83-278 amended Subdiv. (65) to include in definition of “vanpool vehicle” certain vehicles owned by or leased to recognized regional ride-sharing organizations; P.A. 83-431 amended Subdiv. (26) to exclude from the definition of a motor vehicle, special mobile equipment as defined in Sec. 14-165 (i); P.A. 83-587 made technical change in Subdiv. (12); P.A. 84-429 deleted the definition of “curb” in Subsec. (9), “distributor” in Subsec. (11), “head light” in Subsec. (15), “intersection” in Subsec. (18), “motor vehicle registration” in Subsec. (27), “rotary traffic island” in Subsec. (43), “secondhand motor vehicle” in Subsec. (55) and “wrecker vehicle” in Subsec. (58), transferred definition of “head lamp” from Subsec. (15) to (16), “registration” from Subsec. (27) to (45), “used motor vehicle” from Subsec. (55) to (62), “new motor vehicle” from Subsec. (55) to (31), “ultimate consumer” from Subsec. (55) to (61) and “wrecker” from Subsec. (58) to (65), added Subsec. (4) from Sec. 14-1a, renumbered the remaining Subsecs. as follows: (2) to (3), (3) to (5), (4) to (6), (5) to (7), (6) to (8), (7) to (9), (8) to (10), (10) to (11), (12) to (13), (13) to (14), (14) to (15), (16) to (18), (17) to (19), (19) to (20), (20) to (22), (21) to (23), (22) to (24), (23) to (25), (24) to (28), (25) to (29), (26) to (30), (28) to (32), (29) to (33), (30) to (34), (31) to (35), (32) to (36), (33) to (37), (34) to (38), (35) to (40), (36) to (39), (37) to (41), (38) to (42), (39) to (43), (40) to (44), (41) to (46), (42) to (47), (44) to (48), (45) to (49), (46) to (50), (47) to (51), (48) to (52), (49) to (53), (50) to (54), (51) to (55), (52) to (56), (53) to (59), (54) to (60), (56) to (64), (59) to (12), (60) to (58), (61) to (21), (62) to (2), (63) to (27), (64) to (63) and (66) to (17), and rephrased renumbered Subsec. (10) re definition of “commissioner”; P.A. 84-546 redefined “commissioner” to include deputy commissioner of motor vehicles, attorney general and any assistant to motor vehicles commissioner, but did not take effect, P.A. 84-429 having taken precedence; P.A. 86-383 redefined “commercial motor vehicle” in Subdiv. (9) to include vehicles transporting other passengers with their necessary personal belongings; P.A. 88-245 made technical change to definition of “commissioner” in Subsec. (10); P.A. 90-263 subdivided the section into Subsecs. (a) and (b), in Subsec (a) amending Subdiv. (7) to substitute recreational for pleasure purposes and to delete phrase “used for the purpose of transporting personal property of the owner”, amending Subdiv. (8) to redefine “camper” as any motor vehicle designed or permanently altered in such a way as to provide temporary living quarters for travel, camping or recreational purposes, amending Subdiv. (9) to delete definition of “commercial motor vehicle” and insert definition of “combination registration”, adding new definitions of “commercial driver's license” in Subdiv. (10), “commercial motor vehicle” in Subdiv. (11), “commercial registration” in Subdiv. (12), “commercial trailer” in Subdiv. (13), “controlled substance” in Subdiv. (15), “conviction” in Subdiv. (16), “disqualification” in Subdiv. (18), “drive” in Subdiv. (19), “driver” in Subdiv. (20), “driver's license” in Subdiv. (21), “employee” in Subdiv. (22), “employer” in Subdiv. (23), “felony” in Subdiv. (25), “foreign jurisdiction” in Subdiv. (26), “gross weight rating” in Subdiv. (29), “hazardous materials” in Subdiv. (31), “motor home” in Subdiv. (45), “nonresident commercial driver's license” in Subdiv. (50), “out-of-service order” in Subdiv. (55), “passenger registration” in Subdiv. (60), “recreational vehicle” in Subdiv. (64), “serious traffic violation” in Subdiv. (70), “state” in Subdiv. (76), “tank vehicle” in Subdiv. (79), “United States” in Subdiv. (85), and “utility trailer” in Subdiv. (87) and renumbering the other Subdivs. accordingly, amending definition of “motor bus” in Subdiv. (44), formerly Subdiv. (28), to include any motor vehicle, except a taxicab, deleting reference to public service motor vehicle, amending definition of “operator” in Subdiv. (54), formerly Subdiv. (36), to include a driver, amending definition of “passenger and commercial motor vehicle” in Subdiv. (58), formerly Subdiv. (39), to include vehicles eligible for combination registration, amending definition of “passenger motor vehicle” in Subdiv. (59), formerly Subdiv. (40), to delete former provisions and insert new provisions concerning use, design and capacity, amending definition of “person” in Subdiv. (61), formerly Subdiv. (41), to specifically exclude the state or any political subdivision thereof, amending definition of “pole trailer” in Subdiv. (63), formerly Subdiv. (43), to delete reference to commercial motor vehicle, and deleting definition of “public service motor vehicle” in Subdiv. (44), and inserting new language in Subsec. (b) re meaning of term “public passenger transportation permit”; P.A. 91-272 amended exception to definition of “commercial motor vehicle” in Subsec. (a)(11)(B) to include vehicles designed to transport “more than” 10 passengers and used to transport students under 21 to and from school; P.A. 93-341 amended definition of “commercial driver's license” by deleting the reference to a “Class 1” license and reference to Sec. 14-36a, redefined “commercial motor vehicle” to exclude vehicles used “within one hundred fifty miles of a farm in connection with the operation of such farm” and recreational vehicles “in private use”, redefined “serious traffic violation” to add a new Subpara. (E) re accident resulting in death, redefined “service bus” to include “school bus” and added definition of “school bus”, renumbering previously existing Subdivs. of Subsec. (a) as necessary and made technical change in Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-79 amended Subsec. (a)(61) by redefining “person” to include a limited liability company, effective May 31, 1995; P.A. 95-314 amended Subsec. (a)(69) to provide that a “second” or “subsequent” violation is one committed within “three” years after date of arrest resulting in a previous conviction for the same offense, in lieu of 5 years, and to redefine term in the case of a violation of Sec. 14-215, 14-224 or 14-227a(a); P.A. 97-236 redefined “service bus” to require that school bus be “regularly used” to carry 8 or more persons, effective June 24, 1997; P.A. 99-268 redefined “motorcycle” in Subsec. (a)(46) to exclude a vehicle “designed to have” a completely enclosed driver's seat in lieu of a vehicle having a completely “or partially” enclosed driver's seat, redefined “serious traffic violation” in Subsec. (a)(71) by changing from a violation of “sections 14-230 to 14-237, inclusive” to a violation of “section 14-236” in Subpara. (D) and redefined “service bus” in Subsec. (a)(72) to increase the minimum number of persons such vehicle may carry from “eight or more persons” to “ten or more passengers”; P.A. 00-35 redefined “wrecker” in Subsec. (a)(91) to delete “exclusively” following “equipped and used” and to add “by a person, firm or corporation licensed in accordance with the provisions of subdivision (D) of part III of this chapter”; P.A. 00-99 replaced reference to sheriff and deputy sheriff in Subsec. (a)(53) with state marshal, effective December 1, 2000; P.A. 00-169 redefined “person” in Subsec. (a)(61) to include a business trust and revised effective date of P.A. 99-268 but without affecting this section; P.A. 02-70 amended Subsec. (a)(9) to add “rating”, substituted “place of residence” for “legal residence” and provide that such residence be occupied for more than six months in a year in Subdiv. (67), added new Subdiv. (91) re definition of “vehicle identification number” or “VIN”, redesignated existing Subdiv. (91) as Subdiv. (92) and made technical changes in Subdivs. (4), (17), (40), (53) and (55), effective July 1, 2002, and amended Subsec. (a)(40) to add “new” and replace “under section 14-12, who offers the motor vehicles” with “by the commissioner, for operation upon any highway, which are offered” in Subpara. (A) and to make a technical change in Subpara. (B) (Revisor's note: The reference in Subsec. (a)(92) to “subdivision (D)” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “subpart (D)” for clarity of reference); P.A. 03-265 redefined “passenger motor vehicle” in Subdiv. (59); P.A. 04-199 defined “pick-up truck”, made technical changes and renumbered subdivs. in Subsec. (a), effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-217 defined “activity vehicle”, “commercial driver's license information system”, “fatality”, “imminent hazard” and “National Driver Registry”, redefined “disqualification”, “school bus” and “serious traffic violation”, made technical changes and renumbered subdivs. in Subsec. (a), effective January 1, 2005; P.A. 05-218 amended Subsec. (a)(10) by substituting “twelve thousand five hundred” for “ten thousand” and amended Subsec. (a)(67) by deleting “and having a gross vehicle weight rating of less than ten thousand pounds” and, effective July 1, 2005, amended Subsec. (a)(3) by changing “twenty-five” to “twenty”, amended Subsec. (a)(44) by adding “except a utility trailer”, amended Subsec. (a)(47) by changing “twenty-five” to “twenty” and making a technical change, and added Subsec. (a)(99) defining “camp vehicle”; P.A. 06-130 amended Subsec. (a) by redefining “commercial motor vehicle” in Subdiv. (13), redefining “gross vehicle weight rating” in Subdiv. (32), redefining “hazardous materials” in Subdiv. (34), deleting former Subdiv. (46) re definition of “minibike or minicycle”, renumbering Subdivs. (47) to (50) as (46) to (49), inclusive, adding “mini-motorcycle” to definition of “motor vehicle” and renumbering it as Subdiv. (50), renumbering Subdivs. (52) to (97) as (51) to (96), inclusive, redefining “wrecker” and renumbering it as Subdiv. (97) and renumbering Subdiv. (99) as (98), effective June 2, 2006; P.A. 07-167 made technical changes in Subsec. (a)(13), (24) and (50), effective June 25, 2007, and deleted Subsec. (a) designator and former Subsec. (b) re definition of “public passenger transportation permit”, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 08-150 redefined “camp trailer” in Subdiv. (8), added new Subdiv. (9) defining “camp trailer registration”, added new Subdiv. (18) defining “commercial trailer registration”, added new Subdiv. (52) defining “motor-driven cycle”, redefined “motorcycle” in existing Subdiv. (49) and renumbered said definition as new Subdiv. (54), redefined “resident” in existing Subdiv. (72) and renumbered said definition as new Subdiv. (76), added new Subdiv. (88) defining “student”, renumbered existing Subdiv. (98) defining “camp vehicle” as new Subdiv. (10) and renumbered remaining Subdivs. and internal references accordingly; P.A. 09-187 amended Subdiv. (53) to replace “bicycles with helper motors” with “motor-driven cycles” in definition of “motor vehicle”, Subdiv. (63) to redefine “out-of-service order”, Subdiv. (80)(A) to replace “Speeding in excess of fifteen miles per hour or more over the posted speed limit” with “Excessive speeding, involving a single offense in which the speed is fifteen miles per hour or more above the posted speed limit” in definition of “serious traffic violation”, and Subdiv. (98) to delete “with a manufacturer's GVWR of ten thousand pounds or less” in definition of “utility trailer”; P.A. 10-32 made a technical change in Subdiv. (53), effective May 10, 2010; P.A. 10-110 deleted former Subdiv. (1) re definition of “activity vehicle” and redesignated existing Subdivs. (2) to (102) as Subdivs. (1) to (101), effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-213 changed effective date of P.A. 10-110, S. 37, from July 1, 2011, to July 1, 2012, and redefined “serious traffic violation” in Subdiv. (79) of section as amended by P.A. 10-110, effective July 1, 2011, and redefined “serious traffic violation” in Subdiv. (80) of present section, effective July 13, 2011; P.A. 12-81 added new Subdiv. (1) restoring definition of “activity vehicle”, redesignated existing Subdivs. (1) to (101) as Subdivs. (2) to (102) and made a technical change in Subdiv. (62), effective July 1, 2012 (Revisor's note: In Subdiv. (53), a reference to “subsection (i) of section 14-165” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “section 14-165” to conform with a change made to the prior version of section by P.A. 10-32, S. 46); P.A. 13-271 amended Subdiv. (52) to redefine “motor-driven cycle” by replacing reference to motor horsepower with reference to motor capacity, amended Subdiv. (63) to redefine “out-of-service order” by replacing provision re orders issued by police or motor vehicle inspector with provision re orders issued by persons having inspection authority, replacing reference to commercial motor vehicle with reference to motor vehicle specified in Sec. 14-163c(a) and making technical changes, and amended Subdiv. (80) to redefine “serious traffic violation” by adding provision re use of hand-held mobile telephone or other electronic device in Subpara. (E) and replacing “while operating a commercial motor vehicle” with “by an operator who holds a commercial driver's license or instruction permit” in Subpara. (I), effective July 1, 2013; P.A. 13-277 amended Subdiv. (40) to redefine “highway” by adding reference to dedicated roadway for bus rapid transit service, effective July 1, 2013; P.A. 14-130 added Subdiv. (103) defining “public passenger endorsement”, effective June 6, 2014; P.A. 15-46 added new Subdiv. (6) defining “autocycle”, redesignated existing Subdivs. (6) to (103) as Subdivs. (7) to (104), amended redesignated Subdiv. (53) to redefine “motor-driven cycle”, and amended redesignated Subdiv. (55) to redefine “motorcycle”, effective July 1, 2015; P.A. 16-55 redesignated existing Subdiv. (104) re public passenger endorsement as Subdiv. (74) and redesignated existing Subdivs. (74) to (103) as Subdivs. (75) to (104), effective May 31, 2016; P.A. 16-126 amended Subdiv. (79) by replacing reference to Sec. 14-227a(a) with reference to Sec. 14-227a and by adding reference to Sec. 14-227m; P.A. 17-202 amended Subdiv. (54) to replace “physically handicapped persons” with “persons with physical disabilities”; P.A. 18-165 added “sections 14-289k and 14-289l and this section” to introductory language, added new Subdiv. (13) defining “class 1 electric bicycle”, new Subdiv. (14) defining “class 2 electric bicycle” and new Subdiv. (15) defining “class 3 electric bicycle”, redesignated existing Subdivs. (13) to (27) as Subdivs. (16) to (30), added new Subdiv. (31) defining “electric bicycle”, redesignated existing Subdivs. (28) to (104) as (32) to (108), amended redesignated Subdiv. (57) redefining “motor-driven cycle”, redesignated Subdiv. (58) redefining “motor vehicle” and redesignated Subdiv. (59) redefining “motorcycle”, and made a conforming change; P.A. 19-119 amended Subdiv. (27) to make technical changes, effective July 1, 2019; P.A. 19-162 deleted “, sections 14-289k and 14-289l and this section” in introductory language, added new Subdiv. (32) defining “electric foot scooter”, redesignated existing Subdivs. (32) to (108) as Subdivs. (33) to (109), amended redesignated Subdiv. (39) to replace “shall not include” with “does not include”, amended redesignated Subdiv. (59) to add reference to electric foot scooters, amended redesignated Subdiv. (60) to add reference to electric foot scooter and made technical changes.

See Sec. 14-51 for definitions applicable with respect to dealers' and repairers' licenses.

See Sec. 14-68 for definitions applicable with respect to drivers' schools.

See Sec. 14-100(b) for definition of “safety glass”.

“Operation” defined. 90 C. 414; 96 C. 391. “Owner” defined. 92 C. 252; 100 C. 120; 104 C. 169. “Intersecting highway” defined. 101 C. 443. “Nonresident” defined. 107 C. 140. “Guest” defined. 108 C. 630. Cited. 114 C. 408. Defendant, who had seized wheel while instructing another, was “operator”. 119 C. 563. Cited. 124 C. 552; 131 C. 714; 139 C. 707; 141 C. 539. Former provision defining “parked vehicle” must be construed and interpreted together with Sec. 14-251. 142 C. 592. No distinction made between cars that are occupied and those that are not. 145 C. 141. Definition of “intersection” (former Subdiv. (18)) includes area embraced within prolongation of the lateral curb lines of two or more highways which join one another at an angle whether or not one such highway crosses the other. 152 C. 219. Where court rendered judgment on a stipulation of facts that portion of former Subdiv. (47) defining the phrase “ultimate consumer” is unconstitutional, held that judgment did not include any determination of validity of statute as it remained after definition was held invalid and the judgment was clearly inadequate in that it did not conform to the pleadings, issues and prayers for relief. Id., 645. Cited. 163 C. 369; 165 C. 422; 168 C. 587; 171 C. 255. Operation of a motor vehicle relates to the driving or movement of the vehicle itself or a circumstance resulting from movement of the vehicle; hydraulic hoist on a truck was not suitable for operation on a highway and was not a motor vehicle; the use of any mechanical or electrical device not an integral part of a motor vehicle not considered “operation of a motor vehicle”. 180 C. 469. Cited. 189 C. 354; Id., 550; 194 C. 129; 203 C. 45, 56; 215 C. 55; 221 C. 356; 223 C. 127. Motorcycles are not passenger motor vehicles within meaning of section. 239 C. 1.

Cited. 1 CA 517, 518; 2 CA 523; 3 CA 246; 7 CA 575; 8 CA 125; 9 CA 221; Id., 686; 10 CA 18; Id., 22; 25 CA 492; judgment reversed, see 222 C. 744; 30 CA 108; Id., 263; 41 CA 664. Analysis of vehicle eligibility for commercial registration. 69 CA 482. “Mobile home” as commonly understood does not encompass “motor homes”. 70 CA 86. A payloader is the same type of equipment as a bucket loader, as defined in Sec. 14-165, and therefore not a motor vehicle under this section or Sec. 31-293a. 156 CA 727.

Cited. 24 CS 365. Policy of motor vehicle department to register fork lifts indicates they are “suitable for operation on a highway”. 36 CS 101. Cited. Id., 586; 40 CS 156, 157; 41 CS 326. All-terrain vehicle qualifies for uninsured motorist coverage under the policy definition. 45 CS 144. Only purpose of golf cart exception is to allow the vehicle to be operated on highway for very limited purposes. 46 CS 24.

Definition of “used” car not restricted to former Subdiv. (55). 2 Conn. Cir. Ct. 90. Cited. Id., 662. Road maintained by the town qualifies as public highway within statutory definition of a “highway”. 3 Conn. Cir. Ct. 513. State is not limited to proving a vehicle a registered school bus by a certified copy of the registration prepared by Commissioner of Motor Vehicles; it could prove this element by such other evidence as it sees fit. 4 Conn. Cir. Ct. 5, 6. A standing machine affixed to and operated by the motor of a highway truck held a motor vehicle. Id., 116. A motorcycle is included in the overall definition of a motor vehicle for general application of the motor vehicle statutes. 5 Conn. Cir. Ct. 219. Cited. Id., 221.

Sec. 14-1a. “Authorized emergency vehicle” defined. Section 14-1a is repealed.

(1967, P.A. 832, S. 1; P.A. 84-429, S. 78.)

PART II

DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES

Sec. 14-2. Appointment of Commissioner of Motor Vehicles. There shall be a Commissioner of Motor Vehicles appointed in accordance with the provisions of sections 4-5 to 4-8, inclusive.

(1949 Rev., S. 2351.)

See Sec. 4-12 re removal of officers and commissioners for misconduct, incompetence or neglect of duty.

Annotations to former statute:

Failure of Senate to act on nomination did not create vacancy which Governor was authorized to fill; incumbent held over de jure. 132 C. 518. Cited. 133 C. 43; 136 C. 317.

Cited. 13 CS 343.

Sec. 14-3. Powers and duties of commissioner. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall enforce the provisions of the statutes concerning motor vehicles and the operators of such vehicles. The commissioner shall administer, coordinate and control the operations of the department and shall be responsible for the overall supervision and direction of all facilities and activities of the department. The commissioner shall have the authority to contract for such services, programs and facilities other than the purchase or lease of real property as may be necessary to carry out the commissioner's responsibilities under and for the orderly administration of this chapter and chapters 247 to 255, inclusive. The commissioner may retain and employ consultants and assistants on a contract or other basis for rendering professional, fiscal, engineering, technical or other assistance and advice. The commissioner may enter into one or more agreements with independent contractors authorizing such contractors to provide programs and services on behalf of the department, provided any such agreement shall specify that the contractor may charge the department's customer a reasonable service fee, as established by the commissioner, from which the contractor shall be compensated. The commissioner shall submit to the Governor an annual report of his official acts, as provided in section 4-60. Said commissioner shall keep a record of proceedings and orders pertaining to the matters under his jurisdiction and of all licenses and certificates granted, refused, suspended or revoked by the commissioner and of all reports sent to the commissioner's office. The commissioner shall furnish without charge, for official use only, certified copies of certificates and licenses and documents relating thereto to officials of the state or any municipality therein, to officials of any other state or to any court in this state. Any certified copy of any document or record of the commissioner, attested as a true copy by the commissioner, any deputy commissioner or chief of a division, shall be competent evidence in any court of this state of the facts therein contained.

(1949 Rev., S. 2352; September, 1957, P.A. 11, S. 13; P.A. 73-661, S. 1; P.A. 88-245, S. 2, 7; P.A. 96-180, S. 36, 166; P.A. 11-213, S. 4.)

History: P.A. 73-661 expanded duties of commissioner re administration of department, contracts and employment of personnel; P.A. 88-245 made minor change in wording; P.A. 96-180 substituted “The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles” for “Said commissioner”, effective June 3, 1996; P.A. 11-213 authorized commissioner to enter into agreements with independent contractors and made technical changes, effective July 1, 2011.

Statute will not provide alternative method of proving prior motor vehicle conviction. 151 C. 213. Commissioner was required to keep a record of previous warnings and violations as related to plaintiff and may act upon facts known to him even though they are not produced at the hearing. 165 C. 559. Cited. 225 C. 499.

Cited. 24 CS 364; 36 CS 586; 38 CS 384; 39 CS 381.

Cited. 2 Conn. Cir. Ct. 693; 3 Conn. Cir. Ct. 112; Id., 586.

Sec. 14-4. Findings and rulings of commissioner. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may, upon his initiative and after notice and hearing, make a finding of fact and issue a ruling thereon concerning any misfeasance or nonfeasance on the part of any officer for failure to enforce or for improperly enforcing any provision of this chapter relating to motor vehicles. Upon the presentation of such finding to him, the state's attorney of the judicial district wherein lies the jurisdiction of the accused shall apply to the superior court for said judicial district for a bench warrant for such accused. Such finding shall be prima facie evidence of a violation of official duty by the person named therein, and, upon conviction thereof, such officer shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars.

(1949 Rev., S. 2353; P.A. 78-280, S. 2, 127; P.A. 96-180, S. 37, 166.)

History: P.A. 78-280 substituted “judicial district” for “county”; P.A. 96-180 substituted “The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles” for “Said commissioner”, effective June 3, 1996.

Sec. 14-4a. Conduct of hearings and rendering of decisions. In any case where a hearing is required or authorized under the provisions of any statute dealing with the Department of Motor Vehicles such hearing may be conducted by and the decision rendered therein by the commissioner or by any person or persons designated by him.

(1971, P.A. 755, S. 4.)

History: (Revisor's note: In 1997 references throughout the general statutes to “Motor Vehicle(s) Commissioner” and “Motor Vehicle(s) Department” were replaced editorially by the Revisors with “Commissioner of Motor Vehicles” or “Department of Motor Vehicles”, as the case may be, for consistency with customary statutory usage).

Cited. 168 C. 587.

Cited. 39 CS 285; 40 CS 505; 42 CS 602.

Sec. 14-5. Branch offices. The commissioner shall have exclusive charge of the control and maintenance of the branch offices of the Department of Motor Vehicles, and the expense of leasing and maintaining the same shall be paid out of the appropriation for said department.

(1949 Rev., S. 2354.)

History: (Revisor's note: In 1997 references throughout the general statutes to “Motor Vehicle(s) Commissioner” and “Motor Vehicle(s) Department” were replaced editorially by the Revisors with “Commissioner of Motor Vehicles” or “Department of Motor Vehicles”, as the case may be, for consistency with customary statutory usage).

Sec. 14-5a. Ansonia branch office. Section 14-5a is repealed.

(P.A. 80-444, S. 4, 6; P.A. 81-460, S. 3, 4.)

Sec. 14-5b. Discontinuation of branch offices. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall take steps to discontinue the operation and use of Department of Motor Vehicles branch offices to operate within the department's budget.

(P.A. 81-460, S. 2, 4.)

History: (Revisor's note: In 1997 references throughout the general statutes to “Motor Vehicle(s) Commissioner” and “Motor Vehicle(s) Department” were replaced editorially by the Revisors with “Commissioner of Motor Vehicles” or “Department of Motor Vehicles”, as the case may be, for consistency with customary statutory usage).

Sec. 14-5c. Department closed or unable to perform transactions due to emergency or other reason. Extension of expiration date or period of validity of credentials issued by commissioner. In the case of any emergency situation described by the provisions of section 3-6a or 28-1 or any other reason for which the Department of Motor Vehicles is closed or is unable to perform transactions with the public in an effective or secure manner, the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, with the approval of the Governor, may extend the expiration date or the period of validity of any registration, license, permit, certificate or other form or credential issued by said commissioner in accordance with any provision of the general statutes. In any such case in which the commissioner exercises the authority granted by this section, the commissioner shall take such actions, as said commissioner deems necessary or appropriate, to inform the public and all law enforcement agencies of the extension of such expiration date or period of validity.

(P.A. 08-150, S. 18.)

Sec. 14-6. Coordination of enforcement activities. The commissioner shall endeavor to coordinate motor vehicle enforcement throughout the state by calling conferences of officials and officers connected with enforcement, as may appear to him advantageous or desirable. He shall, whenever deemed advisable, bring to the attention of such officials and officers statistics in connection with enforcement and shall urge the desirability and necessity of uniformity. He shall endeavor to coordinate and unify volunteer effort for highway traffic safety and may, if he is so requested, initiate a program for uniform effort and may call upon such organizations as are working in the field of traffic safety to carry out the same.

(1949 Rev., S. 2355; P.A. 84-546, S. 38, 173.)

History: P.A. 84-546 made technical change, amending section to restore language inadvertently deleted.

Sec. 14-7. Deputy commissioners. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may, as provided in section 4-8, appoint not more than three deputy commissioners of motor vehicles, who shall, under the direction of the commissioner, assist in the administration of the business of the department, and, when so directed by said commissioner, shall hear and determine questions that may come before the department.

(1949 Rev., S. 2356; P.A. 88-245, S. 3, 7; P.A. 96-180, S. 38, 166.)

History: P.A. 88-245 authorized commissioner to appoint not more than three deputy commissioners, where previously limited to one; P.A. 96-180 substituted “The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles” for “Said commissioner”, effective June 3, 1996.

Section does not authorize delegation of the authority of deputy commissioner to any other assistant. 151 C. 679.

Sec. 14-8. Police authority of commissioner and inspectors. (a) The commissioner, each deputy commissioner and any salaried inspector of motor vehicles designated by the commissioner, when engaged in the discharge of the duties of his office, shall have, in any part of the state, the same authority to make arrests or issue citations for violation of any statute or regulation relating to motor vehicles and to enforce said statutes and regulations as policemen or state policemen have in their respective jurisdictions.

(b) The commissioner, each deputy commissioner and any salaried inspector of motor vehicles designated by the commissioner, when engaged in the discharge of the duties of his office, may issue a summons to any person to appear at any hearing before the commissioner which may result in the imposition of administrative sanctions. Any salaried inspector of motor vehicles designated by the commissioner, when engaged in the discharge of the duties of his office, shall have the same authority to declare a commercial motor vehicle and its driver out of service in accordance with the provisions of the Code of Federal Regulations Title 49, Sections 392.5 and 396.9, as from time to time amended, as policemen and state policemen have.

(c) Said commissioner shall issue to each such deputy commissioner or inspector credentials showing his authority of arrest, which credentials shall be carried upon the person of such deputy commissioner or inspector while in the discharge of his duties.

(1949 Rev., S. 2357; June, 1955, S. 1282d; P.A. 88-245, S. 4, 7; P.A. 89-199; P.A. 90-263, S. 57, 74; P.A. 93-341, S. 30, 38.)

History: P.A. 88-245 made a technical change; P.A. 89-199 divided the section into Subsecs., authorizing commissioner, deputy commissioner and inspector to issue citations for violations of any motor vehicle statute or regulation, and to issue a summons to compel attendance at administrative hearings, also authorized inspectors to declare a commercial motor vehicle out of service and required commissioner to issue credentials showing arrest authority to each deputy commissioner; P.A. 90-263 amended Subsec. (b) to delete reference to “commercial” motor vehicle; P.A. 93-341 amended Subsec. (b) to limit inspectors' authority to declare motor vehicles out of service to “commercial” vehicles and extended authority to the drivers of such vehicles, effective July 1, 1993.

Sec. 14-9. Oath of office. The commissioner and each deputy commissioner shall take the oath provided by law for public officers.

(1949 Rev., S. 2358; June, 1955, S. 1283d; P.A. 88-245, S. 5, 7.)

History: P.A. 88-245 made a technical change.

See Sec. 1-25 re forms of oaths.

Cited. 240 C. 10.

Sec. 14-9a. Criminal background checks for applicants for employment with department and certain department employees. Reassignment of employee with disqualifying criminal offense or condition. (a) The Department of Motor Vehicles shall, subject to the provisions of section 31-51i, require each external applicant for a position of employment with the department (1) to state whether the applicant has ever been convicted of a crime, to state whether criminal charges are pending against the applicant at the time of the application and, if so, to identify the charges and court in which they are pending, and (2) if offered employment with the department, to be fingerprinted and to submit to state and national criminal history records checks. The criminal history records checks required by this section shall be in accordance with section 29-17a.

(b) The Department of Motor Vehicles, subject to the provisions of section 31-51i and the standards set forth in 6 CFR Section 37.45, shall require each employee who is involved in the manufacture or production of drivers' licenses or identity cards or who has the ability to affect the identity information that appears on a driver's license or an identity card to submit to a background check that includes name-based and fingerprint-based criminal history records checks of federal and state repository records. Upon receipt of the criminal history record of any such employee, the department shall evaluate such record by applying the criteria set forth in 6 CFR Section 37.45(b)(1). The department shall not employ any such employee with a disqualifying criminal offense, as set forth in 6 CFR Section 37.45(b)(1)(i) or 37.45(b)(1)(ii), in a position described in this subsection, and shall not employ any such employee with a disqualifying condition, as set forth in 6 CFR Section 37.45(b)(1)(iii) or 37.45(b)(1)(iv), in such a position, until such condition is no longer applicable. The department shall reassign any such person to a different position in the department.

(c) In accordance with 49 CFR 384.228 and subject to the provisions of section 31-51i, the Department of Motor Vehicles shall require any person who is to be employed as a knowledge or skills test examiner for commercial driver's license applicants to submit to a nation-wide criminal background check prior to the department certifying such person to administer any such test. Each such background check shall include name-based and fingerprint-based criminal history records checks of federal and state repository records. The department shall maintain a record of the results of such criminal background checks and shall not certify any examiner to administer commercial driver's license tests who: (1) Was convicted of a felony within the past ten years; or (2) was convicted of any crime involving fraudulent activities.

(P.A. 07-167, S. 13; P.A. 10-110, S. 26; P.A. 13-271, S. 6.)

History: P.A. 10-110 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) re background check of employees involved in manufacture or production of licenses or identity cards and reassignment of employee with disqualifying criminal offense or condition; P.A. 13-271 added Subsec. (c) re background check of persons to be employed as knowledge or skills test examiners for commercial driver's license applicants.

Sec. 14-10. Definitions. Records. Disclosure of personal information and highly restricted personal information. Penalty. Regulations. (a) For the purposes of this section:

(1) “Disclose” means to engage in any practice or conduct to make available and make known, by any means of communication, personal information or highly restricted personal information contained in a motor vehicle record pertaining to an individual to any other individual, organization or entity;

(2) “Motor vehicle record” means any record that pertains to an operator's license, instruction permit, identity card, registration, certificate of title or any other document issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles. “Motor vehicle record” does not include any record relating to vessels and certificates of title for vessels, as provided in section 15-210;

(3) “Personal information” means information that identifies an individual and includes an individual's photograph or computerized image, Social Security number, operator's license number, name, address other than the zip code, telephone number, electronic mail address, or medical or disability information, but does not include information on motor vehicle accidents or violations, or information relative to the status of an operator's license, registration or insurance coverage;

(4) “Highly restricted personal information” means an individual's photograph or computerized image, Social Security number or medical or disability information; and

(5) “Express consent” means an affirmative agreement given by the individual who is the subject of personal information that specifically grants permission to the department to release such information to the requesting party. Such agreement shall (A) be in writing or such other form as the commissioner may determine in regulations adopted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, and (B) specify a procedure for the individual to withdraw such consent, as provided in regulations adopted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

(b) A number shall be assigned to each motor vehicle registration and operator's license and a record of all applications for motor vehicle registrations and operators' licenses issued shall be kept by the commissioner at the main office of the Department of Motor Vehicles.

(c) (1) All records of the Department of Motor Vehicles pertaining to the application for registration, and the registration, of motor vehicles of the current or previous three years shall be maintained by the commissioner at the main office of the department. Any such records over three years old may be destroyed at the discretion of the commissioner. (2) Before disclosing personal information pertaining to an applicant or registrant from such motor vehicle records or allowing the inspection of any such record containing such personal information in the course of any transaction conducted at such main office, the commissioner shall ascertain whether such disclosure is authorized under subsection (f) of this section, and require the person or entity making the request to (A) complete an application that shall be on a form prescribed by the commissioner, and (B) provide personal identification satisfactory to the commissioner. An attorney-at-law admitted to practice in this state may provide his or her juris number to the commissioner in lieu of the requirements of subparagraph (B) of this subdivision. The commissioner may disclose such personal information or permit the inspection of such record containing such information only if such disclosure is authorized under subsection (f) of this section.

(d) The commissioner may disclose personal information from a motor vehicle record pertaining to an operator's license or a driving history or permit the inspection or copying of any such record or history containing such information in the course of any transaction conducted at the main office of the department only if such disclosure is authorized under subsection (f) of this section. Any such records over five years old may be destroyed at the discretion of the commissioner.

(f) The commissioner may disclose personal information from a motor vehicle record to:

(1) Any federal, state or local government agency in carrying out its functions or to any individual or entity acting on behalf of any such agency, or

(2) Any individual, organization or entity that signs and files with the commissioner, under penalty of false statement as provided in section 53a-157b, a statement on a form approved by the commissioner, together with such supporting documentation or information as the commissioner may require, that such information will be used for any of the following purposes:

(A) In connection with matters of motor vehicle or driver safety and theft, motor vehicle emissions, motor vehicle product alterations, recalls or advisories, performance monitoring of motor vehicles and dealers by motor vehicle manufacturers, motor vehicle market research activities including survey research, motor vehicle product and service communications and removal of nonowner records from the original owner records of motor vehicle manufacturers to implement the provisions of the federal Automobile Information Disclosure Act, 15 USC 1231 et seq., the Clean Air Act, 42 USC 7401 et seq., and 49 USC Chapters 301, 305 and 321 to 331, inclusive, as amended from time to time, and any provision of the general statutes enacted to attain compliance with said federal provisions;

(B) In the normal course of business by the requesting party, but only to confirm the accuracy of personal information submitted by the individual to the requesting party;

(C) In connection with any civil, criminal, administrative or arbitral proceeding in any court or government agency or before any self-regulatory body, including the service of process, an investigation in anticipation of litigation by an attorney-at-law or any individual acting on behalf of an attorney-at-law and the execution or enforcement of judgments and orders, or pursuant to an order of any court provided the requesting party is a party in interest to such proceeding;

(D) In connection with matters of motor vehicle or driver safety and theft, motor vehicle emissions, motor vehicle product alterations, recalls or advisories, performance monitoring of motor vehicles and motor vehicle parts and dealers, producing statistical reports and removal of nonowner records from the original owner records of motor vehicle manufacturers, provided the personal information is not published, disclosed or used to contact individuals except as permitted under subparagraph (A) of this subdivision;

(E) By any insurer or insurance support organization or by a self-insured entity or its agents, employees or contractors, in connection with the investigation of claims arising under insurance policies, antifraud activities, rating or underwriting;

(F) In providing any notice required by law to owners or lienholders named in the certificate of title of towed, abandoned or impounded motor vehicles;

(G) By an employer or its agent or insurer to obtain or verify information relating to a holder of a passenger endorsement or commercial driver's license required under 49 USC Chapter 313, and sections 14-44 to 14-44m, inclusive;

(H) In connection with any lawful purpose of a labor organization, as defined in section 31-77, provided (i) such organization has entered into a contract with the commissioner, on such terms and conditions as the commissioner may require, and (ii) the information will be used only for the purposes specified in the contract other than campaign or political purposes;

(I) For bulk distribution for surveys, marketing or solicitations provided the commissioner has obtained the express consent of the individual to whom such personal information pertains;

(J) For the purpose of preventing fraud by verifying the accuracy of personal information contained in a motor vehicle record, including an individual's photograph or computerized image, as submitted by an individual to a legitimate business or an agent, employee or contractor of a legitimate business, provided the individual has provided express consent in accordance with subdivision (5) of subsection (a) of this section;

(K) Inclusion of personal information about persons who have indicated consent to become organ and tissue donors in a donor registry established by a procurement organization, as defined in section 19a-289a;

(L) By any private detective or private detective licensed in accordance with the provisions of chapter 534, in connection with an investigation involving matters concerning motor vehicles;

(M) By a state marshal, for use in the performance of duties under the provisions of section 6-38a. Such information may be requested by facsimile transmission, or by such other means as the commissioner may require, and shall be provided by facsimile transmission, or by such other means, within a reasonable time.

(g) Any person receiving personal information or highly restricted personal information from a motor vehicle record pursuant to subsection (f) of this section shall be entitled to use such information for any of the purposes set forth in said subsection for which such information may be disclosed by the commissioner. No such person may resell or redisclose the information for any purpose that is not set forth in subsection (f) of this section, or reasonably related to any such purpose.

(h) Notwithstanding any provision of this section, the disclosure of personal information from a motor vehicle record pursuant to subsection (f) of this section shall be subject to the provisions of section 14-50a concerning (1) the fees that shall be charged for copies of or information pertaining to motor vehicle records and (2) the authority of the commissioner to establish fees for information furnished on a volume basis in accordance with such terms and conditions regarding the use and distribution of such information as the commissioner may prescribe.

(i) Notwithstanding any provision of this section that restricts or prohibits the disclosure of personal information from a motor vehicle record, the commissioner may disclose personal information contained in any such record to any individual who is the subject of such personal information or to any person who certifies under penalty of false statement that such person has obtained the express consent of the subject of such personal information.

(j) Notwithstanding any provision of this section that permits the disclosure of personal information from a motor vehicle record, the commissioner may disclose highly restricted personal information contained in any such record only in accordance with the provisions of 18 USC 2721 et seq., as amended.

(k) Any person, including any officer, employee, agent or contractor of the Department of Motor Vehicles, who sells, transfers or otherwise discloses personal information or highly restricted personal information obtained from the Department of Motor Vehicles for any purpose not authorized by the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

(l) The commissioner may adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 to implement the provisions of this section.

(1949 Rev., S. 2359; P.A. 76-263, S. 2, 9; 76-402, S. 2, 3; P.A. 84-429, S. 2; P.A. 89-228; P.A. 90-230, S. 20, 101; P.A. 94-206, S. 1; P.A. 97-266, S. 1, 2; P.A. 99-77, S. 2; 99-232, S. 1; 99-268, S. 28; P.A. 00-169, S. 22, 33, 36; P.A. 02-70, S. 49; P.A. 03-265, S. 6, 7; P.A. 04-122, S. 2; 04-143, S. 17; 04-199, S. 28; 04-234, S. 2; 04-257, S. 115; P.A. 05-108, S. 3; P.A. 07-167, S. 6, 36; June Sp. Sess. 07-5, S. 30; P.A. 08-135, S. 1; 08-150, S. 3; P.A. 10-110, S. 28, 29; 10-123, S. 26; P.A. 11-48, S. 28; 11-51, S. 134; 11-213, S. 5; P.A. 12-81, S. 36; P.A. 14-63, S. 33.)

History: P.A. 76-263 removed operator's licenses from former provisions and removed provision re confidentiality of records and created new Subsecs. (b) and (c) re operator's licenses and confidentiality of records; P.A. 76-402 deleted Subsec. (c) re confidentiality of records; P.A. 84-429 added new Subsec. (a) re number assignments and records from Subsec. (a) of Sec. 14-42, relettered Subsecs. and made other technical changes; P.A. 89-228 added a new Subsec. (d), restricting public access to the residential address of a judge, magistrate or policeman; P.A. 90-230 made technical corrections to Subsec. (d); P.A. 94-206 added extensive provisions to Subsec. (b) concerning procedure for disclosure of motor vehicle department records, added provisions in Subsec. (c) detailing to whom operator license or driver history may be disclosed, added Subsec. (d)(3) and (4) and made some technical changes in order to conform the Subsec. to the revised language of the section, and added a new Subsec. (e) re inapplicability of section's provisions; (Revisor's note: In 1997 references throughout the general statutes to “Motor Vehicle(s) Commissioner” and “Motor Vehicle(s) Department” were replaced editorially by the Revisors with “Commissioner of Motor Vehicles” or “Department of Motor Vehicles”, as the case may be, for consistency with customary statutory usage); P.A. 97-266 inserted new language in Subsec. (a), defining “disclose”, “motor vehicle record”, “personal information” and “consent”; relettered former Subsec. (a) as (b) and added provision requiring notice re disclosure of personal information to be included on each form for issuance or renewal of registration, operator's license and identity card; relettered former Subsec. (b) as (c), deleted requirement in Subdiv. (1) that records re registration be open to public inspection at main office during office hours, substituting provision that such records be maintained by the commissioner at main office, restated provisions of Subdiv. (2), substituting “personal information” for name, address or registration number, requiring in the course of any transaction conducted at main office that commissioner ascertain whether individual who is the subject of request has elected to allow disclosure, eliminating requirement that commissioner mail notice of application to individual who is the subject of the request and make disclosure or permit inspection at least seven days after receipt of completed application, eliminating exemption from provisions of Subdiv. for federal, state or local agency, adding provision allowing commissioner to disclose personal information or permit inspection of such record only if individual who is the subject of the request has elected to allow disclosure and making technical changes; relettered former Subsec. (c) as (d) and restated provisions of Subsec., allowing commissioner to disclose personal information from a record re operator's license or driving history or permit inspection or copying in the course of any transaction conducted at main office only if individual who is the subject of the request has elected to allow disclosure, deleting Subdivs. (1) to (3), inclusive, and making technical changes; relettered former Subsec. (d) as (e), eliminating phrase “Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (b) and (c) of this section” and making a technical change; deleted former Subsec. (e), added Subsecs. (f) to (i), inclusive, re disclosure and use of personal information and added Subsec. (j), authorizing the adoption of regulations, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 99-77 added Subsec. (e)(5) permitting a member or employee of the Board of Parole to request that only his business address be disclosed or available for public inspection; P.A. 99-232 amended Subsec. (b) to delete requirement that not later than July 1, 1998, each form for issuance or renewal of a motor vehicle registration, operator's license or identity card contain the specified notice and consent form re disclosure of personal information and to delete such notice and consent form, amended Subsecs. (c) and (d) to substitute “such disclosure is authorized under subsection (f) of this section” for “the individual who is the subject of the request has elected to allow disclosure”, amended Subsec. (f) to delete language notwithstanding the provisions of Subsecs. (c) and (d), to delete reference to any person contracting with the department, and to amend Subdiv. (2)(D) to reference “motor vehicle product and service communications”, and throughout section made provisions gender neutral and substituted “that” for “which”; P.A. 99-268 added new Subsec. (i) prohibiting sale of photographs or computerized images on or before June 30, 2000, and relettered existing Subsecs. (i) and (j) as Subsecs. (j) and (k), respectively; P.A. 00-169 deleted the definition of “consent” in Subdiv. (a)(4) and replaced it with “express consent”, defined to mean “an affirmative agreement”, and required that such agreement be in writing, and prescribed the procedure for withdrawal of such consent, replaced the provision in Subdiv. (h)(I) that an individual be required to prohibit personal information from being distributed with a provision requiring an individual to give express consent for personal information to be distributed, added Subdiv. (h)(J) re prevention of fraud, deleted Subsec. (i) re prohibition on the sale of photographs or computerized images, relettered Subsecs. (j) and (k) as (i) and (j), respectively, and in Subsec. (i), required express consent from the subject of such personal information, effective June 1, 2000, and revised effective date of P.A. 99-268 but without affecting this section; P.A. 02-70 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to add “highly restricted personal information” within definition of “disclose”, added new Subdiv. (4) defining “highly restricted personal information” and redesignated existing Subdiv. (4) as Subdiv. (5), amended Subsec. (c)(2) to make a technical change for purposes of gender neutrality, added new Subsec. (j) authorizing commissioner to disclose highly restricted personal information contained in a motor vehicle record only in accordance with 18 USC 2721 et seq. and redesignated existing Subsec. (j) as Subsec. (k), effective June 3, 2002; P.A. 03-265 amended Subsec. (c)(2) to delete former Subpara. (C) re payment of fee to commissioner for disclosure of personal information from motor vehicle records, and, effective July 1, 2003, amended Subsec. (f)(2)(A) to change references to federal acts, amended Subsec. (f)(2)(C) to limit commissioner's disclosure of personal information from motor vehicle record in connection with investigation in anticipation of litigation to attorney-at-law or individual acting on behalf of attorney-at-law, amended Subsec. (f)(2)(G) to change reference to federal act, and made a technical change in Subsec. (f)(2)(J); P.A. 04-122 added Subsec. (f)(2)(K) allowing disclosure of personal information to procurement organizations; P.A. 04-143 made a technical change in Subsec. (f)(2)(A), effective May 21, 2004; P.A. 04-199 amended Subsec. (f)(2) to transfer “motor vehicle market research activities including survey research, motor vehicle product and service communications” from Subpara. (D) to Subpara. (A) and to include “producing statistical reports” in Subpara. (D), effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-234 replaced Board of Parole with Board of Pardons and Paroles in Subsec. (e)(5), effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-257 amended Subsec. (e)(5) to delete reference to an “employee” of the Board of Parole, effective June 14, 2004; P.A. 05-108 amended Subsec. (e)(5) to restore reference to an “employee” of the Board of Pardons and Paroles, effective June 7, 2005; P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (e) by adding Subdivs. (6) to (8) re business address of judicial branch employee regularly engaged in court-ordered enforcement or investigatory activities, federal law enforcement officer who works and resides in this state, and state referee and added Subsec. (f)(2)(L) re use of information by private detective in connection with investigation re motor vehicle matters; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 made technical changes in Subsec. (e)(8); P.A. 08-135 amended Subsec. (e) to add new Subdiv. (7) re inspector employed by Division of Criminal Justice and renumber existing Subdivs. (7) and (8) as new Subdivs. (8) and (9), effective June 5, 2008; P.A. 08-150 amended Subsec. (g) to make provisions applicable to the receipt of “highly restricted personal information”, limit the use of information for any of the purposes “for which such information may be disclosed by the commissioner” and add provision re prohibition on reselling or redisclosing information, added new Subsec. (k) re penalty for selling, transferring or otherwise disclosing information for unauthorized purpose, and redesignated existing Subsec. (k) as Subsec. (l); P.A. 10-110 amended Subsec. (e) to add Subdiv. (10) permitting lake patrolman engaged in boating law enforcement to request that only such patrolman's business address be disclosed or available for inspection and amended Subsec. (f)(2) by adding Subpara. (M) re disclosure of personal information from a motor vehicle record to a state marshal; P.A. 10-123 amended Subsec. (f)(2)(K) by replacing reference to Sec. 19a-279a with Sec. 19a-289a; P.A. 11-48 amended Subsec. (a)(3) by redefining “personal information” to include electronic mail address, effective July 1, 2011; pursuant to P.A. 11-51, “Department of Public Safety” was changed editorially by the Revisors to “Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection” in Subsec. (e)(2), effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-213 amended Subsec. (c)(2)(B) to replace requirement for 2 forms of acceptable identification with requirement for personal identification satisfactory to commissioner, and amended Subsec. (e)(2) to replace “member of a municipal police department” with “police officer, as defined in section 7-294a”, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 12-81 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to replace “learner's permit” with “instruction permit” in definition of “motor vehicle record”, effective January 1, 2013; P.A. 14-63 redefined “motor vehicle record” in Subsec. (a)(2), effective January 1, 2016.

Cited. 240 C. 10.

Statute does not prohibit municipal tax assessor from disclosing information contained in records received from Department of Motor Vehicles or the motor vehicle grand lists compiled from such records; Freedom of Information Commission correctly concluded that assessor violated Sec. 1-210(a) by failing to provide complainant with access to requested motor vehicle grand lists. 47 CS 309.

Sec. 14-11. Employment of legal assistance. The commissioner may employ any attorney-at-law for assistance in the prosecution of cases and fix compensation for such services.

(1949 Rev., S. 2360.)

Sec. 14-11a. Exceptional issuance of certificates and licenses for law enforcement activities. Verification by Chief State's Attorney of statements on application for such certificates and licenses. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall not issue a registration certificate in a name other than that of the owner of the vehicle or issue an operator's license in a name other than that of the applicant for such license, except when the statements made on the application for such certificate or license have been verified by the office of the Chief State's Attorney and such certificate or license is issued for the purposes of law enforcement activities in accordance with regulations adopted by the commissioner pursuant to chapter 54. The office of the Chief State's Attorney shall establish and transmit to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to judiciary the proposed criteria to be used by the office of the Chief State's Attorney in such verification. Before such criteria shall be employed by the office of the Chief State's Attorney, said committee shall approve the same in writing. The commissioner is authorized to waive the fee for any registration certificate or operator's license issued in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(P.A. 74-117; P.A. 80-444, S. 2, 6; P.A. 08-150, S. 40.)

History: P.A. 80-444 required verification of statements on certificate or license application to be issued in name other than applicants by office of chief state's attorney and required approval of criteria for verification by judiciary committee; P.A. 08-150 added provision authorizing commissioner to waive fee.

Sec. 14-11b. Driver training program for persons with disabilities. (a) There shall be within the Department of Aging and Disability Services a unit for the purpose of evaluating and training persons with disabilities in the operation of motor vehicles. There shall be assigned to the driver training unit for persons with disabilities such staff as is necessary for the orderly administration of the driver training program for persons with disabilities. The personnel assigned to the driver training unit for persons with disabilities shall, while engaged in the evaluation or instruction of a person with disabilities, have the authority and immunities with respect to such activities as are granted under the general statutes to motor vehicle inspectors. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may permit a person whose license has been withdrawn as a result of a condition that makes such person eligible for evaluation and training under this section to operate a motor vehicle while accompanied by personnel assigned to the driver training unit for persons with disabilities. When a person with disabilities has successfully completed the driver training program for persons with disabilities, the Department of Aging and Disability Services shall certify such completion in writing to the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles and shall recommend any license restrictions or limitations to be placed on the license of such person. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may accept such certification in lieu of the driving skills portion of the examination prescribed under subsection (e) of section 14-36. If such person with disabilities has met all other requirements for obtaining a license, the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall issue a license with such restrictions recommended by the Department of Aging and Disability Services.

(b) Any resident of this state who has a serious physical or mental disability which does not render the resident incapable of operating a motor vehicle and who must utilize special equipment in order to operate a motor vehicle and who cannot obtain instruction in the operation of a motor vehicle through any alternate program, including, but not limited to, other state, federal or privately operated drivers' schools shall be eligible for instruction under the Department of Aging and Disability Services driver training program for persons with disabilities.

(P.A. 76-283, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-93; P.A. 11-44, S. 46; 11-61, S. 120; P.A. 12-81, S. 33; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1, S. 63; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5, S. 196; P.A. 19-157, S. 36.)

History: P.A. 77-93 added to requirements in Subsec. (b) for eligibility for instruction by motor vehicles department by specifying that person must be one who needs to use special equipment and cannot obtain instruction through alternate program; P.A. 11-44 changed program name from “handicapped driver training program” to “driver training program for persons with disabilities”, replaced “Department of Motor Vehicles” with “Bureau of Rehabilitative Services” and made conforming and technical changes, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 11-61 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting provision re assignment of driver consultant for persons with disabilities to unit and deleting reference to driver consultant re authority and immunities, and amended Subsec. (b) by making a technical change, effective July 1, 2011; P.A. 12-81 amended Subsec. (a) to delete reference to driver training unit personnel being engaged in “examination” of person with disabilities and add provisions requiring bureau to certify to commissioner successful completion of program by person with disabilities and recommend any license restrictions or limitations, authorizing commissioner to accept such certification in lieu of driving skills portion of examination and requiring commissioner to issue license with such restrictions as recommended by bureau if person has met all other license requirements, effective June 6, 2012; June 12 Sp. Sess. P.A. 12-1 replaced “Bureau of Rehabilitative Services” and “bureau” with “Department of Rehabilitation Services” and “department”, respectively, effective July 1, 2012; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 15-5 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision re person with withdrawn license may operate a motor vehicle while accompanied by driver training unit personnel and making technical changes, effective June 30, 2015; P.A. 19-157 replaced “Department of Rehabilitation Services” with “Department of Aging and Disability Services”.

Sec. 14-11c. Motor Carrier Advisory Council. Members. Duties. (a) There is established a Motor Carrier Advisory Council, which shall serve as a forum for representatives of the motor carrier industry to meet with representatives of various state agencies responsible for the oversight, enforcement and regulation of the commercial transportation industry. The council shall: (1) Make recommendations to eliminate the duplication of work among various state agencies; (2) make recommendations to promote uniformity of enforcement policies; (3) encourage the consolidation of the state's efforts to regulate and oversee the operation of commercial motor vehicles in the state by reviewing the feasibility of consolidating the issuing of the forms, decals, permits, registrations, licenses and approvals required for the operation of commercial motor vehicles in the state from a central location; (4) consider the intrastate and interstate effects of state policies on the ability of Connecticut motor carriers to compete with motor carriers based in other states; and (5) consider and make recommendations concerning any other matter deemed relevant by the council.

(b) The Motor Carrier Advisory Council shall consist of the following voting members: The Commissioners of Transportation, Motor Vehicles, Public Safety, Revenue Services, Economic and Community Development and Environmental Protection, or their designees, and any other commissioner of a state agency, or such commissioner's designee, invited to participate. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles or the commissioner's designee shall organize and serve as chairperson of the council. The council shall only make recommendations or take actions by a unanimous vote of all members present and voting. The council may make recommendations as the council deems appropriate to the United States Congress, the Governor or the General Assembly.

(c) The chairperson of the council shall convene a regular meeting semiannually, for the following purposes: (1) After the commencement of each regular session of the General Assembly, the council shall meet concerning legislative proposals of the various state agencies and the representatives of the motor carrier industry; and (2) after the close of each regular session of the General Assembly, the council shall meet concerning the impacts and implementation of any legislation affecting the motor carrier industry. Additional meetings may be convened at the call of the chairperson.

(d) The council shall solicit input from representatives of motor-carrier-related industries. Such representatives shall include, but not be limited to, the Connecticut Motor Transport Association, the Connecticut Construction Industries Association, the Connecticut Bus Association, the Connecticut Food Store Association and the Connecticut School Transportation Association.

(P.A. 92-136, S. 1; P.A. 08-150, S. 41; P.A. 10-110, S. 42.)

History: (Revisor's note: In 2003 the reference in Subsec. (b) to Commissioner of “Economic Development” was changed editorially by the Revisors to refer to Commissioner of “Economic and Community Development” for accuracy; P.A. 08-150 amended Subsec. (b) to make technical changes and amended Subsec. (c) to revise provisions re required semiannual meeting and purposes and re additional meetings at the call of the chairperson, and to make technical changes, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 10-110 amended Subsec. (c)(1) to replace “Prior to” with “After” re commencement of regular session, effective June 5, 2010.

Sec. 14-11d. Annual safety inspection program for fire department apparatus. (a) The Department of Motor Vehicles, within available appropriations, shall establish an annual safety inspection program for fire department apparatus.

(b) The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to implement the provisions of this section.

(P.A. 00-202.)

Sec. 14-11e. Annual and monthly reports re waiting times at main and branch offices of the department. (a) Commencing January 15, 2017, and annually thereafter, the Department of Motor Vehicles shall submit a report, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to the Department of Motor Vehicles. Such annual report shall (1) identify specific goals indicating acceptable waiting times at the main office and branch offices of the department, (2) summarize actions undertaken by the department in the previous year to achieve such goals, and (3) include a strategy to achieve or exceed such goals in the upcoming year. The joint standing committee may hold a public hearing on such report not later than thirty days after receipt of such report. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, or the commissioner's designee, shall testify at any such public hearing.

(b) Commencing August 15, 2016, and monthly thereafter, the Department of Motor Vehicles shall submit a report, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to the Department of Motor Vehicles on the length of waiting times at the main office and branch offices of the department. Such report shall include the following information for the month prior to the month in which the report is submitted: (1) For the main office and each branch office of the department that utilizes a numbered ticketing system, (A) the average time that elapses from the time a person receives a numbered ticket to the time such person receives customer service, (B) whether the average waiting time decreased or increased from the previous reporting period, and (C) the number of transactions conducted at such offices that could have been conducted on the Internet web site of the department; and (2) the number of transactions conducted on the Internet web site of the department.

(P.A. 16-55, S. 23.)

History: P.A. 16-55 effective May 31, 2016.

Secs. 14-11f to 14-11h. Reserved for future use.

Sec. 14-11i. Payment of fees by credit card. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may allow the payment of any fee specified in this chapter or chapter 247 by means of a credit card and may charge each payor a service fee for any payment made by credit card. The fee shall not exceed any charge by the credit card issuer or by its authorized agent, including any discount rate. Payments by credit card shall be made under such conditions as the commissioner may prescribe. If any charge with respect to payment of a fee by credit card is not authorized by such issuer or its authorized agent, the commissioner shall assess the payor the fee specified in subsection (f) of section 14-50.

(P.A. 97-236, S. 20, 27.)

History: P.A. 97-236 effective June 24, 1997.

Sec. 14-11j. Blue envelopes for persons with autism spectrum disorder. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, in consultation with the Connecticut Police Chiefs Association and at least one organization that advocates for persons with autism spectrum disorder, shall design and make available blue envelopes that (1) provide written information and guidance on the outside of the envelopes regarding ways to enhance effective communication between a police officer and a person with autism spectrum disorder, and (2) are capable of holding a person's motor vehicle operator's license, registration and insurance identification card. On and after January 1, 2020, upon request by a person with autism spectrum disorder or if such person is a minor, such person's parent or guardian, the commissioner shall provide a blue envelope designed pursuant to this section to such person, parent or guardian.

(P.A. 19-161, S. 39.)

History: P.A. 19-161 effective July 12, 2019.

PART III*

REGISTRATION AND LICENSES

*For decisions construing former statute which denied recovery of damages in a negligence action involving an improperly registered car or a car operated by an unlicensed operator, see: Plaintiff owner must allege and prove that the car was registered and its operator licensed. 96 C. 393. The act bars the owner from recovering, but not the operator, though unlicensed; 97 C. 147; nor a passenger. 100 C. 122; 103 C. 35. The carrying of improper markers does not make the car “unregistered”, nor bar its owner from recovery; 97 C. 579; nor is an operator “unlicensed” because he neglected to carry; 93 C. 457; or to endorse, his license. 104 C. 487. A car is unregistered if the title has been transferred and the registration not changed; 100 C. 114; or if it is registered under a false name. 90 C. 412. A conditional vendee; 92 C. 254; or a mortgagee of the car can register it, and recover as owner for injury to it. 104 C. 169. A car parked at the curb during a stop in the course of a trip is in “operation”; 90 C. 414; but not a disabled car being towed. 96 C. 391. Whether registration is invalidated by failure of the owner to register his trade name, quaere. 106 C. 258. A resident of this state, driving her own car registered only in Massachusetts, cannot recover for an injury. 107 C. 142. That the licensed operator was under age does not ipso facto make him an “unlicensed person”. 107 C. 213. As to one operating under instruction, see 107 C. 478. The owner of an unregistered vehicle may now recover damages for a tortious injury. 82 C. 661; 96 C. 666.

(A)*

REGISTRATION OF MOTOR VEHICLES

*See Sec. 20-427a re commissioner's duty to deny registration for commercial motor vehicle of contractor who is in violation of provisions of Sec. 20-420 or 20-432.

Sec. 14-12. Motor vehicle registration. Application. Issuance by dealers. Misrepresentation. Registration number and certificate. Requirements for registration. Regulations. Temporary registration. Number of registered electric vehicles. (a) No motor vehicle shall be operated, towed or parked on any highway, except as otherwise expressly provided, unless it is registered with the commissioner, provided any motor vehicle may be towed for repairs or necessary work if it bears the markers of a licensed and registered dealer, manufacturer or repairer and provided any motor vehicle which is validly registered in another state may, for a period of sixty days following establishment by the owner of residence in this state, be operated on any highway without first being registered with the commissioner. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, (1) a person commits an infraction if such person (A) registers a motor vehicle he or she does not own, or (B) operates, allows the operation of, parks or allows the parking of an unregistered motor vehicle on any highway, or (2) a resident of this state who operates or parks a motor vehicle such resident owns with marker plates issued by another state on any highway shall be fined one thousand dollars. If the owner of a motor vehicle previously registered with the commissioner, the registration of which expired not more than thirty days previously, operates, allows the operation of, parks or allows that parking of such a motor vehicle, such owner shall be fined the amount designated for the infraction of failure to renew a registration, but the right to retain his or her operator's license shall not be affected. No operator other than the owner shall be subject to penalty for the operation or parking of such a previously registered motor vehicle. As used in this subsection, the term “unregistered motor vehicle” includes any vehicle that is not eligible for registration by the commissioner due to the absence of necessary equipment or other characteristics of the vehicle that make it unsuitable for highway operation, unless the operation of such vehicle is expressly permitted by another provision of this chapter or chapter 248.

(b) To obtain a motor vehicle registration, except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, the owner shall file in the office of the commissioner an application signed by him and containing such information and proof of ownership as the commissioner may require. The application shall be made on blanks furnished by the commissioner. The blanks shall be in such form and contain such provisions and information as the commissioner may determine.

(c) The commissioner may, for the more efficient administration of the commissioner's duties, appoint licensed dealers meeting qualifications established by the commissioner pursuant to regulations adopted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to issue new registrations for passenger motor vehicles, motorcycles, campers, camp trailers, commercial trailers, service buses, school buses, trucks or other vehicle types as determined by the commissioner when they are sold by a licensed dealer. The commissioner shall charge such dealer a fee of ten dollars for each new dealer issue form furnished for the purposes of this subsection. A person purchasing a motor vehicle or other vehicle type as determined by the commissioner from a dealer so appointed and registering such vehicle pursuant to this section shall file an application with the dealer and pay, to the dealer, a fee in accordance with the provisions of section 14-49. The commissioner shall prescribe the time and manner in which the application and fee shall be transmitted to the commissioner.

(d) A motor vehicle registration certificate issued upon an application containing any material false statement is void from the date of its issue and shall be surrendered, upon demand, with any number plate or plates, to the commissioner. Any money paid for the registration certificate shall be forfeited to the state. No person shall obtain or attempt to obtain any registration for another by misrepresentation or impersonation and any registration so obtained shall be void. The commissioner may require each applicant for a motor vehicle registration to furnish personal identification satisfactory to the commissioner and may require any applicant who has established residence in this state for more than thirty days to obtain a motor vehicle operator's license, in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) of section 14-36, or an identification card issued pursuant to section 1-1h. Any person who violates any provision of this subsection and any person who fails to surrender a falsely obtained motor vehicle registration or number plate or plates upon the demand of the commissioner shall be fined not more than two hundred dollars.

(e) The commissioner may register any motor vehicle under the provisions of this chapter, may assign a distinguishing registration number to the registered motor vehicle and may then issue a certificate of registration to the owner. A certificate of registration shall contain the registration number assigned to the motor vehicle and its vehicle identification number and shall be in such form and contain such further information as the commissioner determines.

(f) (1) The commissioner may refuse to register or issue a certificate of title for a motor vehicle or class of motor vehicles if he determines that the characteristics of the motor vehicle or class of motor vehicles make it unsafe for highway operation. The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to implement the provisions of this subsection and the provisions of subsection (h) of this section.

(2) The commissioner shall not register a motor vehicle if he knows that the motor vehicle's equipment fails to comply with the provisions of this chapter, provided nothing contained in this section shall preclude the commissioner from issuing one or more temporary registrations for a motor vehicle not previously registered in this state or from issuing a temporary registration for a motor vehicle under a trade name without a certified copy of the notice required by section 35-1.

(3) The commissioner shall not register any motor vehicle, except a platform truck the motive power of which is electricity, or a tractor equipped with solid tires, if it is not equipped with lighting devices as prescribed by this chapter. The registration of any motor vehicle which is not equipped with such prescribed lighting devices is void and money paid for the registration shall be forfeited to the state. Nothing in this subdivision shall prevent the commissioner, at his discretion, from registering a motor vehicle not equipped with certain lighting devices if the operation of the vehicle is restricted to daylight use.

(4) The commissioner shall not register any motor vehicle or a combination of a motor vehicle and a trailer or semitrailer which exceeds the limits specified in section 14-267a.

(5) On or after October 1, 1984, no motor vehicle registration shall be issued by the commissioner for any motorcycle unless the application for registration is accompanied by sufficient proof, as determined by the commissioner, that the motorcycle is insured for the amounts required by section 14-289f.

(6) The commissioner shall not register any motor vehicle which is subject to the federal heavy vehicle use tax imposed under Section 4481 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, if the applicant fails to furnish proof of payment of such tax, in a form prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States.

(g) The commissioner may elect not to register any motor vehicle which is ten or more model years old and which has not been previously registered in this state until the same has been presented, as directed by the commissioner, at the main office or a branch office of the Department of Motor Vehicles or to any designated official emissions inspection station or other business or firm, authorized by the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles to conduct safety inspections, and has passed the inspection as to its safety features as required by the commissioner. When a motor vehicle owned by a resident of this state is garaged in another jurisdiction and cannot be conveniently presented at an office of the Department of Motor Vehicles, an authorized emissions inspection station or other facility, the commissioner may accept an inspection made by authorities in such other jurisdiction or by appropriate military authorities, provided the commissioner determines that such inspection is comparable to that conducted by the Department of Motor Vehicles. If the commissioner authorizes the contractor that operates the system of official emissions inspection stations or other business or firm to conduct the safety inspections required by this subsection, the commissioner may authorize the contractor or other business or firm to charge a fee, not to exceed fifteen dollars, for each such inspection. The commissioner may authorize any motor vehicle dealer or repairer, licensed in accordance with section 14-52 and meeting qualifications established by the commissioner, to perform an inspection required by this section or to make repairs to any motor vehicle that has failed an initial safety inspection and to certify to the commissioner that the motor vehicle is in compliance with the safety and equipment standards for registration. No such authorized dealer or repairer shall charge any additional fee to make such certification to the commissioner. If the commissioner authorizes any such dealer or repairer to conduct safety inspections, such licensee may provide written certification to the commissioner, in such form and manner as the commissioner prescribes, as to compliance of any motor vehicle in its inventory with safety and equipment standards and such certification may be accepted by the commissioner as meeting the inspection requirements of this subsection.

(h) The commissioner shall not register any motor vehicle unless it meets the equipment related registration requirements contained in sections 14-80, 14-100, 14-100a, 14-100b, 14-106a and 14-275.

(i) The commissioner or any city, town, borough or other taxing district authorized under subsection (f) of section 14-33 may issue a temporary registration to the owner of a motor vehicle. The application for a temporary registration shall conform to the provisions of this section. A temporary registration may be issued for a time determined by the commissioner and may be renewed from time to time at the discretion of the commissioner. The fee for a temporary registration or any renewal thereof shall be as provided in subsection (n) of section 14-49.

(j) The commissioner may issue a special use registration to the owner of a motor vehicle for a period not to exceed thirty days for the sole purpose of driving such vehicle to another state in which the vehicle is to be registered and exclusively used. The application for such registration shall conform to the provisions of subsection (b) of this section. The commissioner may issue special use certificates and plates in such form as he may determine. The special use certificate shall state such limitation on the operation of such vehicle and shall be carried in the vehicle at all times when it is being operated on any highway.

(k) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (a), (b) and (e) of this section, the commissioner shall issue to a municipality, as defined in section 7-245, or a regional solid waste authority comprised of several municipalities, upon receipt of an application by the municipality or regional solid waste authority, a general distinguishing number plate for use on a motor vehicle owned or leased by such municipality or regional solid waste authority.

(l) Not later than January 1, 2018, the Department of Motor Vehicles shall record the number of electric vehicles, as defined in section 16-19eee, registered in the state. This data shall be publicly available on the department's Internet web site and shall include (1) the number of electric vehicles registered in the state each year, and (2) the total number of electric vehicles registered in the state. The department shall update this information every six months.

Regulations

208

49 CFR Part 595

Air Bag DeactivationNotice of proposed rulemaking121 49 CFR Part 571 Air Brake Systems

Amends the FMVSS on air brake systems to improve the stopping distance performance of truck tractors. The rule requires the vast majority of new heavy truck tractors to achieve a 30 percent reduction in stopping distance compared to currently required levels. For these heavy truck tractors (approximately 99 percent of the fleet), the amended standard requires those vehicles to stop in not more than 250 feet when loaded to their gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) and tested at a speed of 60 miles per hour (mph). For a small number of very heavy severe service tractors, the stopping distance requirement will be 310 feet under these same conditions. In addition, this final rule requires that all heavy truck tractors must stop within 235 feet when loaded to their “lightly loaded vehicle weight” (LLVW).

Final Rule: Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Air Brake Systems, Final Rule - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Air Brake Systems121 49 CFR Part 571 Air Brake Systems

Amends the FMVSS on air brake systems to improve the stopping distance performance of truck tractors. The rule requires the vast majority of new heavy truck tractors to achieve a 30 percent reduction in stopping distance compared to currently required levels. For these heavy truck tractors (approximately 99 percent of the fleet), the amended standard requires those vehicles to stop in not more than 250 feet when loaded to their gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) and tested at a speed of 60 miles per hour (mph). For a small number of very heavy severe service tractors, the stopping distance requirement will be 310 feet under these same conditions. In addition, this final rule requires that all heavy truck tractors must stop within 235 feet when loaded to their “lightly loaded vehicle weight” (LLVW).

Final Rule: Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Air Brake Systems , Final Rule - partial response to petitions for reconsideration.: Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Air Brake Systems

49 CFR Part 538

Automobile Fuel Economy Manufacturing Incentives for Alternative Fueled Vehicles

This final rule extends the incentive created by the Alternative Motor Fuels Act of 1988 (AMFA) to encourage the continued production of motor vehicles capable of operating on alternative fuels for four additional model years covering model years (MY) 2005 to MY 2008. Under the special procedures for calculating the fuel economy of those vehicles contained in AMFA, alternative and dual fueled vehicles are assigned a higher fuel economy value for CAFE purposes, which can result in manufacturers earning credits for their fleets. The final rule limits the maximum amount of credit that may be applied to any manufacturers' fleet to 0.9 mpg per fleet during MY 2005 - MY 2008.

Final Rule49 CFR Parts 523, 531, 533, 534, 536 and 537 Average Fuel Economy Standards, Passenger Cars and Light Trucks, Model Year 2011

NHTSA estimates that the MY 2011 standards will raise the industry-wide combined average to 27.3 mpg, save 887 million gallons of fuel over the lifetime of the MY 2011 cars and light trucks, and reduce CO2 emissions by 8.3 million metric tons during that period.

Final Regulatory Impact Analysis: Corporate Average Fuel Economy for MY 2011 Passenger Cars and Light Trucks , Final Rule, Record of Decision: Average Fuel Economy Standards Passenger Cars and Light Trucks Model Year 201149 CFR Parts 523, 531, 534, 536, 537 Average Fuel Economy Standards, Passenger Cars and Light Trucks, Model Years 2011-2015

Proposes substantial increases in the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for passenger cars and light trucks that would enhance energy security by improving fuel economy. Since the carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted from the tailpipes of new motor vehicles is the natural by-product of the combustion of fuel, the increased standards would also address climate change by reducing tailpipe emissions of CO2. Those emissions represent 97 percent of the total greenhouse gas emissions from motor vehicles. Implementation of the new standards would dramatically add to the billions of barrels of fuel already saved since the beginning of the CAFE program in 1975.

Draft Environmental Impact Statement, Appendix C, Draft Environmental Impact Statement, Appendix B - Air Quality and Climate Modeling Data, Request for Product Plan Information: Passenger Car Average Fuel Economy Standards--Model Years 2008-2020 and Light Truck Average Fuel Economy Standards--Model Years 2008-2020, Draft Environmental Impact Statement, Appendix A: Sources Identified in Scoping Comments, Draft Environmental Impact Statement: Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, Passenger Cars and Light Trucks, Model Years 2011-2015 , Preliminary Regulatory Impact Analysis: Corporate Average Fuel Economy for MY 2011-2015 Passenger Cars and Light Trucks, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM): Average Fuel Economy Standards Passenger Cars and Light Trucks

49 CFR Part 571

Child Restraint Anchorage SystemsFinal rule, response to petitions for reconsideration, Final rule; Response to Petitions for Reconsideration

49 CFR Part 213

Child Restraint Anchorage SystemsFinal Economic Assessment, Proposed Amendment, Preliminary Regulatory Evaluation, Preliminary Economic Assessment, Preliminary Regulatory Evaluation49 CFR Parts 571 Child Restraint System - Anton's Law - FY 2005

This document responds to Section 4(b) and Section 3(b)(2) of Anton’s Law, which directed NHTSA to initiate rulemaking on child restraint system safety, with a specific focus on booster seats and restraints for children who weigh more than 50 pounds (lb). After the enactment of Anton’s Law, this agency increased the applicability of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 213, Child restraint systems, from restraints recommended for children up to 50 lb to restraints recommended for children up to 65 lb. Today’s document proposes a further expansion, to restraints recommended for children up to 80 lb. It also proposes to require booster seats and other restraints to meet performance criteria when tested with a crash test dummy representative of a 10-year-old child. Section 4(a) and all other provisions of Section 3 were addressed in rulemaking documents issued previously by NHTSA.

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking: Child Restraint Systems

49 CFR Part 571

Child Restraint SystemsFinal Rule

49 CFR Part 213, 225

Child Restraint Systems

Child restraint systems are the most effective way to protect young children involved in motor vehicle crashes.

Final Economic Assessment

49 CFR Part 571

Child Restraint Systems; Child Restraint Anchorage SystemsFinal rule, response to petitions for reconsideration, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Final Rule, Advance notice of proposed rulemaking Consumer Assistance to Recycle and Save Act of 2009 (CARS Program)

The Act establishes a new program under which the government will provide $3,500 or $4,500 to help consumers purchase or lease a new, more fuel efficient car, van, sport utility vehicle or pickup truck from a participating dealer when they trade in an old, less fuel efficient vehicle.

Summary of the CARS Act of 2009 and Notice of Upcoming Rulemaking Proceeding, Amendment to Final Rule: Requirements and Procedures for Consumer Assistance to Recycle and Save Program, Final Rule: Requirements and Procedures for Consumer Assistance to Recycle and Save Program, Final Regulatory Impact Analysis: Consumer Assistance to Recycle and Save Act of 2009

49 CFR Part 575

Consumer Information Regulations; Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Rollover ResistanceResponse to Comments, Notice of Final Decision

49 CFR Part 575

Consumer Information; New Car Assessment Program; Rollover ResistanceNotice of Proposed Rulemaking: Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Rollover ResistanceFinal Policy Statement, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

Frequently Asked Questions

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Tickets Frequently Asked Questions

How can I pay my parking ticket?

By mail:
Parking Violations Branch
P.O. Box 41818
Philadelphia, PA 19101-1818

Check or money order should be made out to “City of Philadelphia” and include the ticket number being paid. Do not send your check to the Philadelphia Parking Authority. For your peace of mind, do not mail cash.

In person:
Parking Violations Branch
913 Filbert Street
Philadelphia, PA
19107 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM Weekdays
9:00 AM – 1:00 PM Saturday

By phone:
Call (888) 591-3636 to pay by Visa or Mastercard. After the voice response system introduction, press “1″ and have your credit card information ready. This service is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Online:
You can also pay your parking ticket online.

What rights do I have?

When you contest a parking ticket with the Bureau of Administrative Adjudication*, you have the following rights:

  • To be represented by a lawyer or other representative;
  • To appear and testify if you choose;
  • To present evidence, including pictures, tow receipts, etc, or witnesses; and
  • To appeal a decision against you.

* Please note, the Philadelphia Parking Authority does not adjudicate parking tickets, this is the responsibility of the Bureau of Administrative Adjudication.

I need to reschedule my hearing.

You can reschedule over the phone twice. Your third reschedule request must be made in writing. Your request will be reviewed and approved or denied by a Parking Violations Bureau Supervisor.

What if I believe my parking meter was defective?

If you receive a ticket at a meter or kiosk you believe is defective you need to file a complaint to initiate an investigation. See below to view your options regarding a broken meter or kiosk.

By phone - Option #1
Call (888) 591-3636 to and follow the prompts to report a broken meter.

By phone- Option #2
Call (215) 222-9100

Via Email- Option #3
Email us at [email protected] or [email protected]

What if I don't respond to my parking ticket?

If you do not request a hearing to contest your ticket or pay the ticket within 15 days of issuance, a notice of violation will be sent to the registered owner of the vehicle. This notice will explain that the violation must either be paid or contested within 10 calendar days of the date on the notice or a $30.00 penalty will be added. If the violation is not paid or contested before it enters delinquency status (approximately 30 days after issuance), a second penalty of $35.00 will be added.

What if I lost my ticket?

After 15 days a ticket is issued, and no payment is made or dispute submitted, a request is sent to the appropriate department of motor vehicles for the name and address of the registered owner. Once that is obtained, a “Notice of Violation” is mailed to the registered owner, which gives them 10 more days to pay or dispute the ticket before penalties are added.

If you have lost your ticket and notice and can verify you are the registered owner of the vehicle, you can contact us through one of the following options:

Phone: 1-888-591-3636
Email: [email protected]
Social Media: @Philaparking
Twitter or Facebook.

Explanation of Parking Violations 

Detailed explanations and fine information on each and every parking violation.

Blocking Driveway - Fine: $51.00

You cannot park in front of any driveway, even if it is your own. This fine will be $25.00 higher in Center City and University City.

Blocking Mass Transit Vehicle - Fine: $101.00

Philadelphia has many narrow streets that make it difficult for mass transit to operate efficiently, particularly when other vehicles are parked carelessly. You will receive a ticket is issued for this violation if a Parking Enforcement Officer observes a mass transit vehicle that is unable to move as a result of your vehicle obstructing its path.

Bus Zone - Fine: $51.00

A ticket will be issued immediately if your vehicle is observed to be parked in a marked Bus Zone. (You will not be ticketed simply for parking along a SEPTA route.) This fine will be $25.00 higher in Center City and University City.

Blocking HP Ramp- Fine: $76.00

A ticket will be issued immediately if your vehicle is observed to be parked blocking access to a curb cut ramp for people with disabilities.

Handicapped Space - Fine: $301.00

If your vehicle is parked in a Handicapped space and you are not displaying a valid, state-issued Disabled Person or Disabled Veteran plate or placard, you will receive a ticket.

On Crosswalk - Fine: $51.00

A ticket will be issued immediately if your vehicle is observed to be parked within a marked crosswalk. The fine will be $25.00 higher in Center City and University City.

Sidewalk - Fine: $51.00

A ticket will be issued immediately if your vehicle is found to be blocking pedestrian access on a sidewalk.

Snow Route - Fine: $51.00

During declared snow emergencies, a ticket will be issued if your vehicle is parked in a posted Snow Emergency Route.

Taxi Stand - Fine: $31.00

If your vehicle does not have a Taxi license plate, a ticket will be issued if it is observed to be stopped or parked at a Taxi stand.

Table of Violations and Fines

Parking violations and parking ticket fines are set by the Philadelphia City Council. This table lists current fines as well as the applicable sections of the Philadelphia Traffic Code. You can access the Philadelphia Code and Charter through the City’s website, www.phila.gov.

Table of Violations & Fines

Code ProvisionViolation DescriptionNon Center City &University City AreasCenter City & University City
12-901(1)(a)Parked on Bridge, Viaduct, Tunnel Or Underpass

$26.00

$26.00

12-901(1)(b)Parked in Bus Stop

$51.00

$76.00

12-901(1)(c)Parked In School Zone

$36.00

$36.00

12-901(1)(d)Stop Prohibited

$51.00

$76.00

12-901(2)Moved Vehicle To Prohibited Area

$26.00

$26.00

12-901(3)Commercial Vehicle Parked In Residential Area

$101.00

$101.00

12-902(1)(a)Displaying Vehicle For Sale On Roadway

$301.00

$301.00

12-902(1)(b)Commercial Washing Or Repairing Vehicle On Roadway

$301.00

$301.00

12-903(1)Disobey Signs – Stopping, Standing, Parking

$51.00

$76.00

12-903(2)Disobey Signs – Standing, Parking

$51.00

$76.00

12-903(3)Disobey Signs – Standing, Parking

$26.00

$36.00

12-903(6)No Parking Street Cleaning

$31.00

$31.00

12-904Contractor Placard Violation

$101.00

$101.00

12-906(2)Loading Zone

$31.00

$51.00

12-908(1)Bus Parked Other Than In Bus Stand

$251.00

$251.00

12-908(2)Improper Discharge Of Passengers From Bus

$251.00

$251.00

12-908(3)Bus Parked Improperly In Bus Zone

$251.00

$251.00

12-908(4)Taxi Parked Other Than In Taxi Stand

$36.00

$36.00

12-909(1)Parked In Taxi Stand

$31.00

$31.00

12-912Stop/Block Highway

$51.00

$76.00

12-913(1)(a)(i)Double Parked

$51.00

$76.00

12-913(1)(a)(ii)On Sidewalk

$51.00

$76.00

12-913(1)(a)(iii)Stopped Within Intersection

$51.00

$76.00

12-913(1)(a)(iv)In Crosswalk

$51.00

$76.00

12-913(1)(a)(v)Stopped In Safety Zone

$51.00

$76.00

12-913(1)(a)(vi)Stopped Adjacent To Street Excavation

$31.00

$31.00

12-913(1)(a)(vii)Stopped On Railroad Tracks

$31.00

$31.00

12-913(1)(a)(viii)Stopped In Medial Strip In Center Of Divided Highway

$31.00

$31.00

12-913)1)(a)(ix)Disobey Sign -Stopping Prohibited

$51.00

$76.00

12-913(1)(a)(x)Parked Blocking Ramp For People With Disabilities

$76.00

$76.00

12-913(1)(b)(I)Blocking Driveway

$51.00

$76.00

12-913(1)(b)(ii)Fire Hydrant

$76.00

$76.00

12-913(1)(b)(iii)Too Close to Corner

$51.00

$76.00

12-913(1)(b)(iv)Too Close to Signals

$36.00

$36.00

12-913(1)(b)(v)Parked Too Close to Fire Station

$51.00

$51.00

12-913(1)(b)(vi)Obstructing Streetcar

$41.00

$41.00

12-913(1)(b)(vii)Parked On Limited Access Highway

$101.00

$101.00

12-913(1)(b)(viii)Disobey Signs – Prohibited Standing

$51.00

$76.00

12-913(1)(c)(i)Parked Within 50’ Of Railroad Crossing

$31.00

$31.00

12-913(1)(c)(ii)Parking Prohibited

$41.00

$51.00

12-913(2)Parked on Private Property

$26.00

$26.00

12-914(1)Parked Improper – Two Way Highway

$31.00

$31.00

12-914(2)Parked Improper – One Way Highway

$31.00

$31.00

12-915Unattended Vehicle

$31.00

$31.00

12-916(1)Parked While License Suspended

$101.00

$101.00

12-916(2)Parked Unregistered Vehicle; Parked Without Driver’s License

$41.00

$41.00

12-917(5)No Parking Valet Zone

$31.00

$31.00

12-917(6)Overtime Valet Zone

$101.00

$101.00

12-1002(1)Parked In Unmetered Space

$26.00

$36.00

12-1004(1)Parked Improperly At Meter

$26.00

$26.00

12-1004(2)Improper Motorcycle Parking

$26.00

$26.00

12-1005(1)Expired Meter

$26.00

$36.00

12-1006(1)Parked Over Time Limit At Meter

$26.00

$36.00

12-1008Damage Parking Meter

$301.00

$301.00

12-113(3)Trolley Stop

$31.00

$31.00

12-117(3)(f)Reserved Accessible Space

$301.00

$301.00

12-1117(4)(b)Parked In Space For People With Disabilities

$301.00

$301.00

12-1120(2)Abandoned Vehicle

$301.00

$301.00

12-1123Unlawful Vehicle Alarm

$101.00

$101.00

12-1124(1)Parked Mobile Home

$51.00

$51.00

12-1126Excessive Noise

$101.00

$101.00

12-1127Excessive Idling of Motor Vehicles

$101.00

$101.00

12-1128Owner Identification On Commercial Vehicle

$301.00

$301.00

12-1402(3)Illegally Placed Ticket

$51.00

$51.00

12-1604Parked on Grass

$101.00

$101.00

12-1604(2)Parental Liability

$101.00

$101.00

12-2502(4)(a)Parking Snow Route

$51.00

$51.00

Vehicle Towing and Impoundment Frequently Asked Questions

PPA tows illegally parked vehicles from designated Tow Zones in order to improve traffic flow and eliminate hazardous conditions. Towed vehicles are taken to one of PPA’s Impoundment Lots, see below.

I think my car was towed. What should I do?

Call us at 888-591-3636. If your car has been towed or impounded by the Philadelphia Parking Authority, we will be able to tell you where your vehicle was taken, and what to do to reclaim it.

My car was towed/impounded. How do I get it back?

In order to reclaim a towed or impounded vehicle you must pay for all outstanding tickets as well as tow and storage fees. Payment must be made in person at one of the following locations:

Parking Violations Branch
913 Filbert Street

8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Weekdays
9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. Saturday

Lot 1
2501 S. Weccacoe Ave
Phila., PA 19148
(215) 683-9550
Hours of Operation:
Monday – Thurs.: 7:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m.
Friday: 7:00 a.m. – 3:00 a.m.
Saturday: 9:00 a.m. – 3:00 a.m.
Sunday: 12:00 p.m. – 8:00 p.m.

Lot 2
2535 Swanson Street
215-683-9563

Lot 44
3201 North Delaware Avenue
215-683-9521

Lot 6
4701 Bath Street
215 683-9510
6801 Essington Avenue
215 683-9880

The hours at lots 2, 4A, 6, and 7 are:
8:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. weekdays
9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Saturday
4:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. Sunday

Please note that you must present the following to the staff at the Impoundment Lot before your vehicle will be returned to you:

  • Your valid driver’s license
  • Current vehicle registration
  • Proof of current insurance for the vehicle
  • Cashier’s receipt(s) along with the accompanying BAA/PVB Release Authorization for payment and/or adjudication of the tow and storage charges
  • Release authorization from the Philadelphia Traffic Court (only applies to vehicles impounded through Live Stop)

Vehicles are not released until the driver presents certification of proper registration, insurance and driver’s license. You must also pay the total amount due, including all outstanding tickets, fees, fines and penalties, before you can take possession of your vehicle. Vehicles impounded through the Live Stop program must also satisfy all outstanding tickets at the Philadelphia Municipal Court Traffic Division. Vehicles that are not claimed within 21 days are sold at public auction.

Fees are detailed in the table below.

Towing and Impoundment Fee Table

DescriptionFee Amount
Vehicles under 11,000 pounds – Straight towsBoot Fee – $150.00
Tow Fee – $175.00
Storage Fee: $25.00 plus 25% tax for every 24 hours
  
Vehicles under 11,000 pounds – Live StopsTow Fee – $210.00
Storage Fee: $25.00 plus 25% tax for every 24 hours
 
Vehicles over 11,000 pounds to 17,000 pounds – Straight towsBoot Fee – $150.00
Tow Fee – $250.00
Storage Fee: $40.00 for each 24 hours plus 25% tax.
  
Vehicles over 11,000 pounds to 17,000 pounds – Live StopTow Fee – $285.00
Storage Fee: $40.00 for each 24 hours plus 25% tax.
 
Vehicles over 17,000 pounds – Straight towsBoot Fee – $150.00
Tow Fee – $360.00
Storage Fee: $75.00 for each 24 hours plus 25% tax.
  
Vehicles over 17,000 pounds – Live stopsTow Fee – $395.00
Storage Fee: $75.00 for each 24 hours plus 25% tax.
 

Auctions Frequently Asked Questions

When can I expect to receive my title?

It takes approximately four to six weeks from the date of sale to receive the title from PennDot. You will receive the title directly from PennDot by mail.

Can I have my purchased car shipped out of the country?

We cannot ship cars out of the country. All vehicles must be removed from the auction lot, without the removal of parts, before 8:00 PM on the date of the auction. Failure to do so will result in the forfeiture of the purchase price and the vehicle. The vehicle will be deemed an abandoned vehicle and the purchaser will be subjected to the penalties and fines prescribed by the governing laws.

Airport Parking Frequently Asked Questions

How much parking is available at the airport?

The Philadelphia Parking Authority is proud to offer 17,600 parking spaces at the Philadelphia International Airport.

  • 11,011 spaces are available in our Garages
  • 7,117 in the Economy Lot
  • and 839 on the Ground Level (short term)

We have doubled our capacity in the past decade in order to provide convenient, safe, and economical parking for travelers from across our region.

How much does it cost to park at the airport?

The Philadelphia Parking Authority offers three parking options with different pricing structures:

ECONOMY LOT (Flat Rate)

GARAGE PARKING (Upper Levels of Garages)

  • Up to 1/2 hour $4.00
  • Up to 1 hour $6.00
  • Up to 1 1/2 hours $8.00
  • Up to 2 hours $10.00
  • Up to 2 1/2 hours $12.00
  • Up to 3 hours $15.00
  • Up to 3 1/2 hours $17.00
  • Up to 24 hours $20.00

SHORT TERM (Ground Level of Garages)

  • Up to 1/2 hour $4.00
  • Up to 1 hour $6.00
  • Up to 1 1/2 hours $8.00
  • Up to 2 hours $10.00
  • Up to 2 1/2 hours $12.00
  • Up to 3 hours $15.00
  • Up to 3 1/2 hours $17.00
  • Up to 4 hours $20.00
  • Up to 24 hours $40.00

Above rates include all taxes and fees.

Is there handicapped parking at the airport?

There is ample and convenient handicapped parking for vehicles displaying proper identification in all airport parking facilities: Short Term, Garage, and Economy. Please note that some wheelchair-equipped vans (with lifts that go higher than 6 feet) are unable to fit in Garage Parking, but are welcome to park in the Economy Lot. We apologize for the inconvenience.

Residential Parking Permits Frequently Asked Questions

How does the program work?

An eligible vehicle owner can purchase a permit which allows unrestricted parking on blocks with time limits signs and free parking at meters. The permit is only applicable in the district specified on the sticker and only on blocks posted with permit parking signs.

Who is eligible for a parking permit?

Permits can be issued for a vehicle whose owner and principal driver resides within an existing district as designated by City Council. The vehicle must display a valid Pennsylvania license plate and be registered to the owner\’s home address in that district.

Are there any exceptions to the eligibility requirements?

Yes. You can obtain a permit for a leased company car or company car if you demonstrate, to the satisfaction of the Parking Authority, that you are a resident, that you are the principal operator of the vehicle and that the vehicle is a company car. Please call 215-683-9730 for more information regarding what is acceptable documentation.

What do I do if I have outstanding parking violation fines?

If you have three or more outstanding parking tickets, you will not be eligible to puchase a parking permit. You must first make payment at:
Parking Violations Branch
913 Filbert Street
Philadelphia, PA 19107
8:00 AM – 8:00 PM weekdays
9:00 AM – 1:00 PM Saturday

You can also make payments by clicking here.

You may schedule a hearing to contest your tickets by calling the Parking Violations Branch at 888-591-3636.

Does the permit exempt the holder from other parking regulations?

No, permit holders must continue to obey all other parking regulations, including safety regulations such as parking too close to a hydrant or a corner. Permit holders may also be ticketed for ignoring time limit signs on blocks in your district that do not have permit parking signs.

Which blocks are posted for residential permit parking?

Blocks that are primarily residential. According to City Ordinance 547-A, permit parking cannot be posted on a block when actual commercial and/or institutional use of property on the ground floor level of that block exceeds fifty percent.

Who issues the residential parking permit?

The Philadelphia Parking Authority is responsible for permit issuance and is located at
35 North 8th Street
Philadelphia PA 19106

Application for the annual permit may be made through the mail.

How is the permit program enforced?

Parking Enforcement Officers make the rounds of the permit district to enforce the posted time limit. When a vehicle without a permit is parked overtime, it is ticketed. Vehicles with permits will be ticketed if the numbers punched on the permit do not match the first and last digits of the license plate number. Permitted vehicles will also be ticketed if the month and year punched indicate that the permit has expired.

meterUP FAQs

Answers to all your meterUP questions

Why does the parking rate increase after the maximum time posted?

Once you have parked past the maximum time posted, you have the option to park longer, but the rate doubles. If you park past the posted time limit a second time, the rate triples. See below for example:

I park at 201 Columbus Boulevard. The rate is $1.50/hour and the posted time limit is four hours.

I park from 10:00 a.m.- 2:00 p.m. and pay a total of $6.00.
At 1:53 p.m., I receive a notification that my time will expire, and I choose to extend the time.

From 2:00 p.m.-6:00 p.m., the rate is doubled, so I pay $3.00 an hour, a total of $12.00.

At 5:53 p.m., I receive a notification that my time will expire, and I choose to extend the time.

From 6:00 p.m.-10:00 p.m., the rate is tripled, so I pay $4.50 an hour, a total of $18.00.

Note: If you choose to park past the posted time limit three consecutive times, you will be required to move your vehicle to a different meterUP zone.

What is meterUP?

meterUP is the easiest way to pay for parking in Philadelphia. No more feeding the meter. No change? No problem! Just meterUP!

How does the meterUP app work?

Click here to see a quick video! Once you’ve signed up with meterUP, you can start using your mobile phone to pay for parking wherever you see the meterUP signs.

1. After creating a meterUP account, simply open the app and enter your parking zone number, which is located on meterUP signs, kiosks and meters. The meterUP signs will look like this.
2. Select your desired amount of time to park.
3. Confirm your information then press the “Start Parking” button and you’re good to go!

How long can I park?

Parking time limits vary from location to location.

To ensure you don’t go past the designated time limit, be sure to carefully read the signs where you’re parked.

What’s with this 40 cent convenience fee?

The 40 cent convenience fee is meant to ensure continued functionality of the meterUP app. The 40 cent convenience fee is applied whenever a transaction is completed within the app. This includes starting and extending parking sessions.

Note: Payments at meters and kiosks don’t require a convenience fee if you choose not to start a parking session with meterUP.

How do I review/edit my meterUP account?

You have several options to review/edit your account:

App: Open the meterUP app and go to your meterUP profile tab. Here you can change, add or remove vehicles, update your payment methods and edit your customized notifications.

Any mobile phone: Dial toll-free 1-877-727-5303 and follow the prompts for personal assistance.

Web: Simply sign-in to your personal account on meterUP.org using the email address and password you entered during the account setup process.

How do I obtain a copy of my meterUP receipt?

There are multiple ways to obtain your meterUP receipt:

● After opening the meterUP app, click the “Activity” tab in the bottom left corner. This will provide you with your recent parking transactions.

● Receipts can automatically be sent to the email address registered to your meterUP account. Just go to the “Notifications” tab in your meterUP app profile to enable the “email receipt” notification.

● Receipts and your past parking session history can also be viewed by logging into your account on meterUP.org

meterUP is blocking me from making payment. What’s going on?

There a couple of scenarios in which meterUP will prevent you from making payment. Please see the below scenarios as they apply to you:

meterUP will block payment in a zone when parking is restricted, or when parking is free.

If you reached the maximum time limit three (3) consecutive times in a particular meterUP zone, you will not be permitted to start another parking session in that zone for a period of 30 minutes. Once those 30 minutes have passed, you are once again eligible to begin a parking session in that zone.

I paid for parking with meterUP but still got a ticket. What’s the problem?

Although we do our best to ensure a seamless transaction, once in awhile, mistakes can happen. If you paid for parking with meterUP and received a ticket, simply fill out the online dispute form provided here. Please be sure to provide the parking ticket number and a copy of your mobile parking receipt. When providing your mobile parking receipt, please make sure it includes the following:

• Vehicle license plate number
• Mobile parking zone number
• Start and end time of parking transaction

Note: It is very important to ensure your license plate number and meterUP zone number are correct before starting your parking session with meterUP.

How do I get meterUP?

There are three ways to use meterUP to pay for parking in Philadelphia:

1. Go to your smartphone\’s app store, download and install the meterUP application.

2. Call toll-free 1-877-727-5303 and follow the prompts for personal assistance.

3. Access the Sign-Up webpage on meterUP.org

Where can I pay for parking with meterUP?

meterUP payments are accepted on streets with posted meterUP signs.

Please Note: Each street block and street side has its own dedicated meterUP zone number. It’s very important that you select the meterUP zone number on the same side of the street on which you park.

An example of meterUP signs is provided below:

What payment methods are accepted in meterUP?

The meterUP app and many of its features are free of charge, but, to pay for parking you’ll need to confirm a payment method. During the sign-up process, You can select credit/debit cards, Parkmobile Wallet, Visa Checkout and MasterPass as payment methods. Additional information can be found here.

I park at a location before parking regulations go into effect. Can I pay beforehand?

Yes! If you park at a location before posted parking regulations go into effect, you can start a parking session. You will only be charged during the hours in which posted regulations are in effect.

EXAMPLE: If you park at a location at 7 a.m. but payment isn’t required until 8 a.m., you are able to make a prepayment at 7 a.m.. From there, you will only be charged from 8 a.m. until your parking session ends.

How do I extend my parking session?

Once you receive a reminder that your parking session will expire, you can extend your time up to the maximum posted time limit. Simply click the extend button in the app, or call 1-877-727-5303 after you have started a parking session.

Is my account and credit card information safe?

The meterUP system, provided by

How can I contact meterUP?

The meterUP service is provided by Parkmobile, LLC. For assistance with account management, you may call 1-877-727-5303 or contact the Parkmobile Help Center here.

If you believe you were issued a ticket in error while using meterUP, simply fill out the online dispute form provided here. Please be sure to provide the parking ticket number and a copy of your meterUP receipt.

Note: Again, it is very important to ensure your license plate number and meterUP zone number are correct before starting your parking session with meterUP.

How to Resolve The Cannot Find Symbol Error in Java

Introduction to Symbol Tables

Symbol tables are an important data structure created and maintained by compilers to store information associated with identifiers [1] in a given source code. This information is entered into the symbol tables during lexical and syntax analysis and is used in the later phases of compilation. As the declarations of classes, interfaces, variables, and methods are processed, their identifiers are bound to corresponding entries in the symbol tables. When uses of these identifiers are encountered in the source code, the compiler looks them up in the symbol tables and relies on this information for things such as verifying that a variable has been declared, determining the scope of a variable, and verifying that an expression is semantically correct with type checking. Symbol tables are also used for code generation and optimization [2].

A simplified representation of a symbol table entry (or simply, a symbol) in Java has the following format: . Given a global variable declaration like the corresponding symbol would then be .

 

Cannot Find Symbol Error

As its name implies, the error refers to a symbol which cannot be found. While there are multiple ways and reasons this can occur, they all boil down to the fact that the Java compiler is unable to find the symbol associated with a given identifier.

The message produced by the compiler for the error includes two additional fields:

  • “symbol”—the name and type of the referenced identifier; and
  • “location”—the specific class in which the identifier has been referenced.

 

What Causes the Cannot Find Symbol Error

The most common triggers for the compile-time error include:

  • missing variable and method declarations;
  • out-of-scope references to variables and methods;
  • misspelled identifiers; and
  • omitted import statements.

 

Cannot Find Symbol vs Symbol Not Found vs Cannot Resolve Symbol

As different Java compilers use slightly different terminology, the error can also be found under the terms and . Besides the naming, there is no difference between what these terms stand for.

 

Cannot Find Symbol Error Examples

Undeclared variable

When the Java compiler encounters a use of an identifier which it cannot find in the symbol table, it raises the error. Consequently, the most common occurrence of this error is when there is a reference to an undeclared variable. Unlike some other languages that don’t require explicit declaration of variables [3], or may allow declaring a variable after it has been referenced (via hoisting [4]), Java requires declaring a variable before it can be used or referenced in any way.

Fig. 1(a) shows how an undeclared variable, in this case the identifier on line 9, results in two instances of the error, at the positions where they appear in the code. Declaring this variable by specifying its data type (or, alternatively, inferring its type with the keyword in Java 10+) resolves the issue (Fig. 1(b)).

(a)

(b)

 

Out of scope variable

When a Java program tries to access a variable declared in a different (non-inherited or non-overlapping) scope, the compiler triggers the error. This is demonstrated by the attempt to access the variable on lines 17 and 18 in Fig. 2(a), which is accessible only within the statement declared on line 11. Moving the variable outside the loop fixes the issue, as shown on Fig. 2(b).

(a)

(b)

 

Misspelled method name

Misspelling an existing method, or any valid identifier, causes a error. Java identifiers are case-sensitive, so any variation of an existing variable, method, class, interface, or package name will result in this error, as demonstrated in Fig. 3.

(a)

(b)

 

Missing import statement

Using classes, either from the Java platform or any library, requires importing them correctly with the statement. Failing to do so will result in the error being raised by the Java compiler. The code snippet in Fig. 4(a) makes use of the class without declaring the corresponding import, therefore the error occurs. Adding the missing statement (line 4 in Fig. 4(b)) solves the problem.

(a)

(b)

 

Less common examples

The root cause for the Java error can occasionally be found in some unexpected or obscure places. Such is the case with accidental semicolons that terminate a statement ahead of time (Fig. 5), or when object creation is attempted without a proper constructor invocation which has to have the keyword (Fig. 6).

(a)

(b)

(a)

(b)

Other causes for the error may include:

  • using dependencies with old or incompatible versions;
  • forgetting to recompile a program;
  • building a project with an older JDK version;
  • redefining platform or library classes with the same name;
  • the use of homoglyphs in identifier construction that are difficult to tell apart;
  • etc.

 

Conclusion

The error, also found under the names of and , is a Java compile-time error which emerges whenever there is an identifier in the source code which the compiler is unable to work out what it refers to. As with any other compilation error, it is crucial to understand what causes this error, pinpoint the issue and address it properly. In the majority of cases, referencing undeclared variables and methods, including by way of misspelling them or failing to import their corresponding package, is what triggers this error. Once discovered, resolution is pretty straightforward, as demonstrated in this article.

 

Track, Analyze and Manage Errors With Rollbar

![Rollbar in action](https://rollbar.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/[email protected])

Managing errors and exceptions in your code is challenging. It can make deploying production code an unnerving experience. Being able to track, analyze, and manage errors in real-time can help you to proceed with more confidence. Rollbar automates error monitoring and triaging, making fixing Java errors easier than ever. Sign Up Today!

 

References

[1] Rollbar, 2021. Handling the <Identifier> Expected Error in Java. Rollbar Editorial Team. [Online]. Available: https://rollbar.com/blog/how-to-handle-the-identifier-expected-error-in-java/. [Accessed Nov. 22, 2021].

[2] ITL Education Solutions Limited, Principles of Compiler Design (Express Learning), 1st ed. New Delhi: Pearson Education (India), 2012.

[3] Tutorialspoint.com, 2021. Python - Variable Types. [Online]. Available: https://www.tutorialspoint.com/python/python_variable_types.htm. [Accessed: Nov. 23, 2021].

[4] JavaScript Tutorial, 2021. JavaScript Hoisting Explained By Examples. [Online]. Available: https://www.javascripttutorial.net/javascript-hoisting/. [Accessed: Nov. 23, 2021]

Spotify confirms it’s testing a new ‘Car Mode’ interface with some users

Spotify has started testing a new “Car Mode” interface with some users, the company confirmed to TechCrunch on Friday. The test comes a few months after Spotify announced that it was retiring its simplified automotive interface called “Car View,” which displayed playback controls and your current track when driving. At the time, Spotify said it was exploring new ways to deliver in-car listening experiences and that it would be launching new features soon.

“At Spotify, we’re always working to ensure our users have the best possible listening experience,” a spokesperson from Spotify told TechCrunch. “We can confirm we are testing a new Car Mode for some users. As with any of our tests, we always seek feedback from our users before rolling out changes more broadly.”

The new interface was first spotted by 9to5Google. The website posted screenshots of the Android version of Car Mode. Spotify did not comment on whether the new interface is also being tested with iOS users.

The screenshots show that Car Mode allows users to browse and search for music via voice controls. The Car Mode track player view includes simple controls, such as a play/pause, skip shuffle and like buttons. There’s also a microphone button that you can use to search Spotify’s library while in Car Mode. You can also use the voice controls to access recently played music or podcasts. The layout is similar to Spotify’s regular interface, but without a lot of the visual distractions that are usually present on-screen.

spotify car mode

Image Credits: 9to5Google

Spotify is still testing the new interface and is looking for feedback from users who have access to it, which means that the final version of Car Mode may look different than the screenshots seen above.

The new Car Mode is just one part of Spotify’s efforts to provide a seamless in-car listening experience. Last April, the company officially announced the limited U.S. release of its first hardware device called Car Thing. The device is aimed at Spotify Premium subscribers and vehicle owners who don’t have a built-in infotainment system offering easy access to Spotify, like Apple’s CarPlay or Android Auto. Spotify made Car Thing available to the general public in November for $89.99.

Car Thing connects with the Spotify mobile app on your phone, then uses the phone’s cellular signal (or Wi-Fi, if available) to stream your music or podcasts over the car’s sound system. The device works with USB, Bluetooth and Aux. You can access the service by either saying “Hey Spotify,” tapping its touchscreen, turning the dial or using one of the four preset buttons at the top of the player.

Spotify can also be integrated with Google Assistant in order to listen to music and podcasts hands-free while driving. The feature also works with Google Maps so you can navigate while listening to Spotify. To do so, you can link your accounts and say ‘Hey Google, play Spotify.’

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